Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb
(April 10, 1823 – December 13, 1862) was an American lawyer, author, politician, and Confederate officer, killed in the
Fredericksburg during the American
born in Jefferson
County, Georgia, to John A.
Cobb and Sarah Rootes Cobb. He
was the younger brother of Howell Cobb
Marion Lumpkin, who was the daughter of the Supreme Court of
Georgia Chief Justice Joseph Henry Lumpkin.
their children lived past childhood: Callender (Callie), who
married Augustus Longstreet Hull; Sarah A. (Sally), who married
Henry Jackson, the son of Henry Rootes
; and Marion (Birdie), who married Michael Hoke Smith
graduated in 1841 from Franklin College (now
the University of
Georgia), where he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society, and
was admitted to the bar in 1842. From 1849 to 1857, he
was a reporter of the Supreme Court of
He was an ardent secessionist
, and was a delegate to the Secession
Convention. He is best known for his treatise in support
of slavery titled An Inquiry into the Law of Negro Slavery in
the United States of America (1858) and as one of the founders
of the University of Georgia School of
During the Civil War
in the Confederate
, where for a time he was chairman
of the Committee on Military Affairs.
He was also on the committee that was responsible for the drafting
of the Confederate constitution.
He organized Cobb's Legion
in the late
summer of 1861 and was commissioned a colonel in the Confederate army
on August 28, 1861.
The Legion was assigned to the Army of Northern Virginia
. It took
heavy losses during the Maryland
. He was promoted to brigadier general
November 1, 1862, but this promotion was not confirmed by the
. At the Battle of Fredericksburg, he was mortally wounded in the thigh by a Union artillery shell that burst inside the
Stephens house near the Sunken Road on Marye's Heights.
bled to death from damage to the femoral
on December 13, 1862. Some later accounts by veterans
claim that the wounding was by rifle fire and that a Confederate
soldier may have been responsible. He is buried at Oconee Hill
Cemetery in Athens, Georgia.
- Digest of the Statute Laws of Georgia (1851)
- Inquiry into the Law of Negro Slavery in the United
- Historical Sketch of Slavery, from the Earliest
- The Code of the State of Georgia (1861) AKA The
Code of 1863 because though published in 1861, the Georgia General Assembly did not
pass it till 1863.
- The Code of the State of Georgia (1873)
- The Colonel (1897)
- Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David
J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University
Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- O'Reilly, Francis Augustín, The Fredericksburg Campaign:
Winter War on the Rappahannock, Louisiana State University
Press, 2003, ISBN 0-8071-3154-7.
- Controversies about the death of T. R. R. Cobb