) (1846 – January 13,
1886) was a Native
who organized the first Sioux
. Over the years, 66 Sioux
associations have been founded with over 1000 members. Today, the
Sioux YMCAs, under the leadership of a Lakota Board of Directors,
operate programs serving families and youth on the Cheyenne River Indian
Chief Little Crow
: Thaóyate Dúta
; ) of the Sioux
had a son named Wawinape (Sioux
Wówinaphe ) in 1846. Little Crow and Wawinape survived the Dakota War of 1862
. They lived at Devil's Lake in
Dakota territory. On June 10, 1863, they left to make a raid
into Minnesota to get horses for their family.
On July 3,
1863, Little Crow and his son were in the "Big Woods" picking
raspberries. A settler named Nathan Lamson saw them and shot and
killed Little Crow. His son Wawinape escaped and fled back to
Devil's Lake. He was later captured, tried and sentenced to hang.
sent to a prison camp in Davenport, Iowa.
There he converted to Christianity and took
the name Thomas Wakeman. He was pardoned in 1865 and settled in
Wakeman married Judith Minnetonka in January 1874. They had four
sons and two daughters: Solomon, Ruth, John, Jesse, Ida, and
On April 27, 1879 Thomas Wakeman and his friends started the
Koskada Okadiciye, a Young Man's Association, at Flandreau, Dakota
Territory. In 1885, it was recognized by the national YMCA and its
name was changed to Sioux Young Men's Christian Association.
contracted tuberculosis and died at Redwood Falls,
Minnesota on January 13, 1886.
His son Jesse succeeded
his father at the YMCA.