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The Three Fs were a series of demands first issued by the Tenant Right League in their campaign for land reform in Irelandmarker from the 1850s. They were

  • Fair rent
  • Free sale
  • Fixity of tenure

Many historians argue that their absence contributed severely to the Great Irish Famine (1846-49), as it allowed the mass eviction of starving tenants. The Three Fs were campaigned for by a number of political movements, notably the Independent Irish Party and later the Irish Parliamentary Party during the Land War. They were conceded by the British Government in a series of Irish Land Acts enacted from the 1870s on, with essentially full implementation in the Land Act of 1881.


  1. Michael McDonnell. Ireland and the Home Rule Movement. Maunsel and Co., Dublin, 1908; page 61.

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