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Tickhill is a small town and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncastermarker in South Yorkshiremarker, Englandmarker, on the border with Nottinghamshiremarker. It has a population of 5,301.

Geography

It lies eight miles south of Doncastermarker, between Maltbymarker and Harworthmarker, on the busy conjunction of the A631 and A60 roads, and adjacent to the A1 motorwaymarker. It is located at 53° 26' North, 1° 6' 40" West [62787], at an elevation of around 20 metres above sea level. The River Torne passes close to the south-east of the town where it is the boundary between South Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire, eventually meeting the River Trent.

Notable buildings in Tickhill include the substantial ruins of Tickhill Castlemarker which contains a private residence leased by the Duchy of Lancaster, St Mary's Churchmarker - a large thirteenth century parish church and the buttercross.

History

William I

Shortly after the Norman Invasion, William I of England gave the lands around Tickhill to Roger de Busli, who built a castle on a small hill. Busli also co-founded nearby Roche Abbeymarker with Richard FitzTurgis.

St Mary's Church, Tickhill


Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, Tickhill was the second most important town, after Doncaster, in what is now South Yorkshire. The Domesday Book lists the settlement under the former estate centre at Dadsley, now lying on the northern edge of the village. Dadsley was served by a church atop All Hallows Hill, which by 1361 had been downgraded to a chapel. Evidence suggests that the chapel was unused after the English Reformation, and was razed in the mid-seventeenth century.

Tickhill's eponymous hill was probably the base of what is now the motte of Tickhill Castle. The town grew up around the castle, and St Mary's was built soon after to replace All Hallows as the settlement's main church.

Initially, Tickhill was one of England's most successful new towns. It gained a friary and St Leonard's Hospital. The Guild of St Cross was established in the town, and it is believed to have acted as the settlement's main governing body. In 1295, Tickhill sent two members to Parliament, but did not do so subsequently.

Sixteenth century

As castles declined in importance during the mediaeval period, so did Tickhill. By the sixteenth century, only a hall was occupied on the castle site, but the market and an annual fair on St Lawrence's Day survived. A little trade was gained from its position on the main road to Bawtrymarker. In 1777, a butter cross was erected in the marketplace in an attempt to revive the weekly market, but this ceased in the 1790s.

Strafforth and Tickhill was one of the wapentakes of the West Riding of Yorkshire. The Tickhill Psalter, an outstanding medieval illuminated manuscript was made in the Worksop Priorymarker Nottinghamshire, is currently on display in New Yorkmarker.It is named after John de Tickhill, born locally and who was made Prior of Worksop in the 1300s.

The following records from St Mary's Church, Tickhill are available at the Doncaster Archives:

  • Baptisms 1542-1895
  • Marriages 1538-1910
  • Burials 1537-1901
  • Banns 1798-1838
  • Index: Baptisms 1542-1718, 1771-1839
  • Index: Marriages 1538-1677, 1754-1838
  • Index: Burials 1538-1674, 1771-1855
  • Bishop’s transcripts 1600-1866


1900s

The Tickhill and Wadworth railway stationmarker was open from 1910–29. There as been much debate whether to reopen this station.

The Castle

Tickhill Castle was built by Roger de Busli, one of the most powerful of the first wave of Norman magnates who had come to England with William the Conqueror. The castle had an eventful history in national life. It was held for the usurping prince John against his brother King Richard I, when the latter returned from abroad in 1194, after his absence on crusade, was the site of a three-week siege during baronial conflicts in 1322 and in the civil war of the 1640s its importance as a local centre of resistance led to its ‘slighting’ (intentional disabling) by Parliament after the defeat of the royalist forces there in 1648. (Conisbroughmarker, long disused as a fortress by this time, escaped such a fate.) Today Tickhill castle remains an impressive ruin, retaining its Norman gatehouse, built in 1129-1130, the foundations of the 11-sided keep (one of only two in the world) on a mound in height, built in 1178-9 on the model of the keep at Conisbrough, substantial defensive ditches, some parts of which remain as a moat, and walls enclosing an inner courtyard covering .

Amenities

There is the Tickhill Estfield and St Mary's C of E primary schools.

Notable residents



References

  1. Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Doncaster Retrieved 2009-08-27
  2. David Hey, Medieval South Yorkshire


External links




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