Tidewater region of Virginia is a term used to
refer to the eastern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
term "Tidewater" may be correctly applied to all portions of
Virginia where the water level is affected by the tides. In
general, this is most of the land east of I-95
, which runs between major
cities along the fall line
, and north of
. It includes Hampton Roads, the rest of the Virginia Peninsula, the Middle
Peninsula, the Northern Neck, and
the Eastern Shore.
Planters in the early American colonies extended their tobacco
productions above the "fall line," where waterfalls or rapids mark
the end of the Tidewater and the beginning of the foothill region
known as the Piedmont. By 1700s, slaves were included in a majority
of upcountry households and as many as three-quarters of the
households in the Tidewater.
people of the southeastern area of Virginia still refer to
Tidewater as the areas of Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Portsmouth, Norfolk, Suffolk, Hampton, Newport
News, James City
County, Yorktown, Poquoson, Williamsburg , and Gloucester. Collectively, however, these localities are
now referred to as Hampton