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Tiffin is a city in the U.S. state of Ohiomarker and the county seat of Seneca Countymarker. The population was 18,135 in the 2000 census. The National Arbor Day Foundation has designated Tiffin as a Tree City USA.

It is the home of Heidelberg University and Tiffin University. At one time it was noted as a glass and porcelain manufacturing center.

History

The history of Tiffin dates back to 1812. The familiar bronze statue of "The Indian Maiden" on Frost Parkway, near Miami Street, marks the site of Fort Ball, which was a military depot of the war of 1812. Fighting an engagement of that war, Eratus Bowe first sighted the location upon which Tiffin now stands. In 1817, he returned to the site and built his Pan Yan Tavern, which later became a stagecoach stop, on the north bank of the Sandusky River.

Early homesteaders followed soon after Bowe, the settlement of Oakley sprang up around the Pan Yan. The main traveled road of the area followed the path of the stagecoaches through Oakley, called Fort Ball after 1824.

In 1820, Josiah Hedges purchased a piece of land on the south bank of the river opposite Oakley and founded another settlement. He named this village “Tiffin” in honor of Edward Tiffin, first governor of Ohio and later member of the United States Senate, and a man who had fought to finally win statehood for the Ohio Territory in 1803. Tiffin was incorporated by an act of the Ohio Legislature on March 7, 1835. These two communities, split by the Sandusky River, were rivals. But, in 1850, seeing that later their interests lay together, the villages merged to form Tiffin, with Fort Ball becoming a part of Tiffin in March of that year.

In 1824, with the establishment of Seneca County by the Ohio Legislature, Tiffin became a county seat. The county took its name from the Seneca Indians, who originally were native to the territory. The discovery of natural gas in the vicinity in 1888 gave new momentum to the town’s industries and new enterprises located in Tiffin, making it a prosperous industrial city:

-- The National Machinery Company moved from Cleveland to Tiffin in 1882.

-- Webster Industries, Inc. moved from Chicago to Tiffin in 1906.

-- In April 1914, brothers Milton B. and Clifford O. Hanson founded The Hanson Clutch and Machinery Company in Tiffin. It was acquired by Pettibone in 1966. Pettibone LLC, which today is an affiliate of The Heico Companies, renamed the business unit Tiffin Parts in 1997. Operating at the same site since the 1920s, the building on Miami Street is on the National Register of Historic Places.

-- Tiffin was the home of Tiffin Glass Works from 1889 to 1980.

-- Tiffin was the home of American Standard Company (formerly Great Western Pottery), maker of ceramic kitchen and bath products, from 1899 to 2007. It was the largest employer in the city.

Ever since the late 1970s, the city has lost industry. The city was home to a GE plant until 1985. Now Atlas industries has moved into that building. Tiffin used to be a major crossroads of railroad lines. Originally there was 3 railroads. They were B&O, PR, and NP or Nickleplate railroad. The Baltimore and Ohio, traveling east to west, was crossed by the Pennsylvania Railroad, which traveled from Toledo to Crestline, Ohio, and the New York Central, whose line traveled from Bellevue southwest to Columbus. The B&O is now part of CSX Transportation, and hosts more than 50 trains every 24 hours. A short section of the old Pennsy still exists, but now travels only 21 miles Northwest from Tiffin to Woodville. Then it converts back into CSX line once reaching Woodville. It is known today as Northern Ohio and Western Railway, or the NOW Railway. Nickleplate existed until about in either 60's or 70's. The remainder of rail lines radiating from Tiffin have all been abandoned.

In the spring of 1913, the Upper Mississippi and Ohio River Valleys were ravaged by one of the most devastating floods in the region's history. Among those communities which suffered the consequences of that flood was Tiffin, located on the Sandusky River in northwest Ohio.During that three-day period, Tiffin sustained more than $1,000,000 in property loss, 46 houses and 2 factories swept away, 10 factories damaged, 69 places of business heavily damaged, 6 bridges within the corporate limits destroyed, and—worst of all—19 lives lost.

Tiffin has been the home of Ballreich's Bros., a potato chip company, since 1920.

In the first decades of the 20th century, Tiffin was known to have the largest number of millionaires per capita in the United States .

Tiffin St. Paul's United Methodist Church was the first church in the world to be lit by Edison's light bulb, and the first public building in the United States to be wired for electricity. Tiffin is home to a large population of German-Americans and a smaller but significant population of Italian-Americans. In 1970 Tiffin's highest population was 21,896.

Tiffin is the home of the historic Ritz Theatre, built in 1928 as a vaudeville house with an Italian Renaissance design. The Ritz Theatre underwent extensive renovation and restoration in 1998.

In 2002, a F3 tornado hit southeast Tiffin, destroying several homes outside city limits.

A new Mercy Hospital of Tiffin was built and opened in July 2008.

Neighborhoods and Suburbs

Tiffin is home to the following neighborhoods.

  • 53
  • Uptown
  • Downtown
  • Westgate
  • District
  • East Tiffin
  • West Tiffin
  • North Tiffin
  • Southern Tiffin
  • Natural Gardens
  • Sunny Wood Estates
  • Deerridge
  • Subcity
  • Mid-Westgate
  • Hedgegate North
  • Hedgegate South
  • Snob Hill
  • Noblers
  • Honey Creek


Geography

Tiffin is located at (41.116834, -83.179003) .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.6 square miles (17.2 km²), of which, 6.5 square miles (16.8 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (2.11%) is water, primarily the Sandusky River which flows through the center of town. It is located on US 224.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 18,000 people, 7,330 households, and 4,471 families residing in the city. The population density was (figure cited was incorrect) people per square mile (1,078.9/km²). There were 7,862 housing units at an average density of 1,210.6/sq mi (467.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.00 White, 10.00African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.10% of the population.

There were 7,330 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 15.1% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,000, and the median income for a family was $30,329. Males had a median income of $31,207 versus $22,259 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,580. About 5.7% of families and about 50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Tiffin is served by Tiffin City Schools: Columbian High School, Tiffin Middle School, and Clinton, C.A. Krout, Lincoln, Noble, and Washington Elementary Schools.

Weekday Religious Education has been offered to the city's elementary and middle schools since 1940.

Tiffin is also served by the Calvert Catholic Schools: Calvert High Schoolmarker for grades 9-12, and two campus schools, St. Joseph and St. Mary, for preschool through grade 8.

Other schools in Tiffin include the Sentinel Career Center and the charter school Bridges Community Academy.

Roadside signs entering Tiffin claim it as the "Education Community."

Tiffin is the home of Tiffin University, Heidelberg University , the Tiffin Academy of Hair Design, and formerly of the American Institute of Massotherapy.

Government

Mayor : James Boroff

City Council

Office Name Party
President of Council Paul Elchert Democrat
Councilman-at-Large Mark Hayes Conservative Independent
Councilman-at-Large Tyler Shuff Democrat
Councilman-at-Large Peter Galipeau Democrat
1st Ward Councilman Steve Lepard Democrat
2nd Ward Councilman Aaron Montz Democrat
3rd Ward Councilwomen Lori Ritzler Democrat
4th Ward Councilman Rich Cline Democrat
Council Clerk Ruth Kin N/A


Transportation

Tiffin has two airports, one called Seneca County Airportmarker, and the other called Maximus Airlines - Tiffin Terminal.Tiffin also has 6 reliable taxi services. Tiffin is currently today on 11 state routes with US 224 running along the Southern boundary of town.

Notable natives



References



External links




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