Timeline of hydrogen technologies
timeline of the history of hydrogen
- 1900 - Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin launched the
first hydrogen-filled Zeppelin LZ1
- 1901 - Wilhelm Normann
introduced the hydrogenation of
- 1903 - Konstantin Eduardovich
Tsiolkovskii published "The Exploration of Cosmic Space by
Means of Reaction Devices"
- 1907 - Lane hydrogen
- 1909 - Count Ferdinand Adolf
August von Zeppelin made the first long distance flight with
the Zeppelin LZ5.
- 1909 - Linde-Frank-Caro
- 1910 - The first Zeppelin passenger flight with the Zeppelin
- 1910 - Fritz Haber patented the
- 1912 - The first scheduled international Zeppelin passenger
flights with the Zeppelin LZ13.
- 1919 - The first Atlantic crossing by airship with the Beardmore HMA R34.
- 1920 -
Hydrocracking, a plant for the
commercial hydrogenation of brown coal is commissioned at Leuna in
- 1923 -
Steam reforming, the first synthetic
methanol is produced by BASF in Leuna
- 1923 - J. B. S.
Haldane envisioned in Daedalus; or, Science and
the Future "great power stations where during windy weather the
surplus power will be used for the electrolytic decomposition of
water into oxygen and hydrogen."
- 1926 - Partial oxidation,
Vandeveer and Parr at the University of Illinois used oxygen in
the place of air for the production of syngas.
- 1926 - Cyril Norman
Hinshelwood described the phenomenon of chain reaction.
- 1926 -
Umberto Nobile made the first flight
over the north
pole with the hydrogen airship Norge
- 1929 - Paul Harteck and Karl Friedrich Bonhoeffer achieve
the first synthesis of pure parahydrogen.
- 1930 - Rudolf Erren - Erren engine - GB patent GB364180 -
Improvements in and relating to internal combustion engines using a
mixture of hydrogen and oxygen as fuel
- 1935 - Eugene Wigner and H.B. Huntington predicted metallic hydrogen.
- 1937 -
The Zeppelin LZ 129 Hindenburg was
- 1937 - The Heinkel HeS 1
experimental gaseous hydrogen fueled
centrifugal jet engine is tested at
Hirth in March- the first working jet engine
- 1937 -
The first hydrogen-cooled
turbogenerator went into service at Dayton,
- 1938 - The first 240 km hydrogen pipeline Rhine-Ruhr .
- 1938 - Igor Sikorsky from Sikorsky Aircraft proposed liquid hydrogen as a fuel.
- 1939 - Rudolf Erren - Erren engine - US patent 2,183,674 -
Internal combustion engine using hydrogen as fuel
- 1939 - Hans Gaffron discovered that
algae can switch between producing oxygen and
- 1943 -
Liquid hydrogen is tested as
rocket fuel at Ohio State
- 1943 - Arne Zetterström
- 1949 - Hydrodesulfurization
(Catalytic reforming is
commercialized under the name Platforming process)
- 1952 - Hydrogen maser
- 1952 - Non-Refrigerated
- 1955 - W. Thomas Grubb modified the fuel cell design by using a
sulphonated polystyrene ion-exchange membrane as the
- 1957 - Pratt & Whitney's model 304 jet engine using liquid
hydrogen as fuel tested for the first time as part of the Lockheed CL-400 Suntan project.
- 1957 - The specifications for the U-2 a double axis liquid hydrogen semi-trailer were
- 1958 - Leonard Niedrach devised a way of depositing platinum
onto the membrane, this became known as the Grubb-Niedrach fuel
- 1958 - Allis-Chalmers
demonstrated the D 12, the
first 15 kW fuel cell tractor.
- 1959 - Francis Thomas Bacon
built the Bacon Cell, the first practical 5 kW hydrogen-air fuel
cell to power a welding machine.
- 1960 - Allis-Chalmers builds the
first fuel cell forklift
- 1961 - RL-10 liquid hydrogen fuelled
rocket engine first flight
- 1964 - Allis-Chalmers built a
750-watt fuel cell to power a one-man underwater research
- 1965 - The first commercial use of a fuel cell in Project Gemini.
- 1965 - Allis-Chalmers builds the
first fuel cell golf carts.
- 1966 - Slush hydrogen
- 1966 - J-2 liquid hydrogen
rocket engine flies
- 1967 - Akira Fujishima discovers
effect which is used for photocatalysis in the photoelectrochemical cell.
- 1967 - Hydride
- 1970 - Nickel hydrogen
- 1970 - John Bockris or Lawrence W.
Jones coined the term hydrogen
- 1973 -
The 30 km hydrogen
pipeline in Isbergues
- 1973 - Linear compressor
- 1975 - John Bockris - Energy The
Solar-Hydrogen Alternative - ISBN 0470084294
- 1979 - HM7B rocket engine
- 1981 - Space Shuttle main
engine first flight
- 1990 - The first solar-powered hydrogen production plant
Solar-Wasserstoff-Bayern became operational.
- 1996 - Vulcain rocket
- 1997 - Anastasios Melis
discovered that the deprivation of sulfur
will cause algae to switch from producing
oxygen to producing
- 1998 - Type 212
- 1999 - Hydrogen pinch
- 1784 Experiments
- 1809 - Fleming, History of Meteorology 25 Pag.
- 1809 - Pilot balloon resources
- 1820 Cecil engine
- 1820 Cecil the letter
- 1874 - Jules Verne, The Mysterious Island
- 1896 Weather balloon
- Tsiolkovsky's Исследование мировых пространств
реактивными приборами - The Exploration of Cosmic Space by
Means of Reaction Devices (Russian paper)
- 1920 - Hydrocracking
- Improvements in and relating to internal combustion
engines using a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen as fuel
- The Technological Steps of Hydrogen Introduction -
- NASA-LIQUID HYDROGEN AS A PROPULSION
- 1958 D 12 - Pag. 7
- 1960 -Fleet module Pag.3
- 1964 Allis Chalmers Pag.1
- Nickel-Hydrogen Battery Technology—Development and
- History of Hydrogen
- Lawrence W. Jones Toward a liquid hydrogen fuel economy, University of
Michigan Engineering Technical Report UMR2320, March 13, 1970