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Women's suffrage has been granted at various times in various countries throughout the world. In many countries women's suffrage was granted before universal suffrage, so women (and men) from certain classes or races were still unable to vote, while some granted it to both sexes at the same time.

The timeline below lists years when women's suffrage was enacted in various places. In many cases the first voting took place in a subsequent year.

New Zealandmarker in 1893 is often said to be the first "country" in the world to give women the right to vote.A contestant for being the first independent nation to grant women the right to vote would be Swedenmarker, where conditional female suffrage were granted during the age of liberty (1718-1771), although this right was restricted and did not apply to women in general .

Disclaimer: This timeline reflects a vast amount of information from the women's suffrage movement throughout the globe. In many cases, countries passed various laws which progressively gave women the right to vote. Many countries may appear on the list more than once due to the fact that restrictions on suffrage were only lifted slowly. This list only states the right to vote; for other rights, see Timeline of women's rights .
Suffrage parade, New York City, May 6, 1912.

18th century



19th century

  • 1838
  • 1861
    • (Only property-owning women for local elections, universal franchise in 1894)
  • 1862
    • (only in local elections, votes graded after taxation, universal franchise in 1918, which went into effect at the 1921 elections)
  • 1864
    • Women in Victoria, Australiamarker were unintentionally enfranchised by the Electoral Act (1863), and proceeded to vote in the following year's elections. The Act was amended in 1865 to correct the error.
  • 1869
    • United Kingdommarker (only in local elections, universal franchise in 1928)
  • 1869-1920
    • States and territories of the USA, progressively, starting with the Wyoming Territory in 1869 and the Utah Territory in 1870, though the latter was repealed by the Edmunds-Tucker Act in 1887. Wyomingmarker acquired statehood in 1890 (Utahmarker in 1896), allowing women to cast votes in federal elections. The United States as a whole acquired women's suffrage in 1920 (see below) through the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution; voting qualifications in the U.S., even in federal elections, are set by the states, and this amendment prohibited states from discriminating on the basis of sex.
  • 1881
    • (only property-owners until 1913, universal franchise in 1919.)
  • 1884
    • Widows and spinsters granted the right to vote within municipalities in Ontariomarker (later to other provinces).
  • 1889
    • Franceville grants universal suffrage. Loses self-rule within months.
  • 1893
    • September 19 (including Maori women, although barred from standing for election.)
  • 1894
    • grants universal suffrage, extending the franchise to all women (property-owners could vote in local elections from 1861), the first in Australia to do so. Women are also granted the right to stand for parliament, making South Australia the first in the world to do so.
    • United Kingdommarker extends right to vote in local elections to married women.
  • 1899


20th century

1900s

  • 1902
  • 1903
  • 1905
  • 1906
    • First country to give both the right to vote and stand for elections. First country to give both rights to all women regardless of wealth, race or social class.
    • Perhaps inspired by the Franceville experiment, the Anglo-French Condominium of the New Hebrides granted women the right to vote in municipal elections and to serve on elected municipal councils. (These rights applied only to British, French, and other colonists, not to indigenous islanders.)
  • 1908
    • (only in local elections)


1910s



    • (only at municipal level)
    • (full suffrage granted in 1945)
    • (right to stand in election granted in 1917)
    • (along with voting rights, women now allowed to stand for election into parliament)


1920s

  • 1920
  • 1921
    • (with restrictions)
  • 1922
    • Irish Free State - now known as the Republic of Irelandmarker - (equal suffrage granted upon independence from UK. Partial suffrage granted as part of UK in 1869 and 1918)
    • , Mexico (regional and congress elections only)
  • 1924
    • (No electoral system in place prior to this year)
  • 1925
  • 1927
  • 1928
    • (franchise equal to that for men)
  • 1929
    • (to vote)


1930s

  • 1930
    • (only granted to white women on the same basis as white men; black women did not qualify for the vote even though some black men did)
  • 1931
    • (Sri Lankamarker)
    • (only at municipal level for female owners of real estate; Legislative Decree No. 320)
    • (with restrictions following level of education)
  • 1932
  • 1934
    • (only at municipal level; Law No. 5,357)
    • expands suffrage
    • expands suffrage
    • , Mexico (regional and congress elections only)
  • 1935
    • (same year as men) (Retained by India and Pakistan after independence in 1947).
    • (Burmamarker)
  • 1937
  • 1938
  • 1939


1940s

  • 1940
    • becomes the final Canadian province to give female suffrage.
  • 1941
    • (with restrictions)
  • 1942
  • 1944
    • (property-holding whites only)
  • 1945
  • 1946
  • 1947
    • (includes Taiwanmarker) (with restrictions)
    • (only at municipal level)
    • (Pakistan declared independence on the 14th of August 1947)
  • 1948
    • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the UN includes Article 21: The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
    • (Upon its establishment)
    • (now Surinamemarker)
  • 1949
    • (right expanded to all elections on January 8 by Law No. 9,292)


1950s



1960s



1970s

  • 1970
  • 1971
    • (on the federal level; introduced on the Cantonal level from 1958-1990marker)
  • 1972
  • 1974
    • (all restrictions were lifted)
  • 1975
  • 1977
  • 1978
    • -North-


1980s



1990s



21st century

  • 2002
    • (Bahrain did not hold elections prior to 2002)
  • 2003
  • 2005
    • (national elections in 2010)
  • 2006
    • (limited; to be expanded by 2010)


See also



References

  • http://www.hist.uu.se/historikermote05/program/Politik/52_Karlsson_Sjogren.pdf


External links




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