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Tingzhou fu was a prefecture in Fujianmarker province from the Tang Dynasty (唐朝) down to the early 20th century.

History

As early as 3,000 to 4,000 years ago, there were ancient Minyue(闽越) people thrived along the Tingjiang river(汀江), which originates in the north and runs through the county toward the south and enters the South China Seamarker in Shantoumarker(汕头), Guangdongmarker(广东) province. Since early years Tingjiang river has been serving as an important water path for traveling and, more importantly, shipping of goods between coastal areas and mountainous in-lands. It was said that the early Hakka ancestors traveled from north through the same path to Guangdongmarker and the other parts of Chinamarker and overseas, so Tingjiang river also gained its name as "Hakka's Mother River".

Imperial

In Han Dynasty, county level administration was set up in the place where Changting county is currently seated. To administer the immmigrating northerners, the Tingzhou fu (汀州府) prefectural administration was set up in the 24th reign-year of Tang emperor Kaiyuan, ie 736 CE.

Since then and until the end of Qing Dynastymarker(清朝), Changting had been where Zhou(州), Jun(郡), Lu(路) and Fu(府) (all prefectural level administrations) were located, and economic and political center of western Fujianmarker(福建). During the Mingmarker and Qingmarker dynasties (明清朝), Tingzhou Fu encompassed eight counties including Changting , Ninghua (宁化marker, often regarded as very first settlement place for Hakka people), Qingliu , Guihua (归化, obsolete), Liancheng , Shanghang , Wuping and Yongding marker. Being the first such territory set up by administration for migrant resettlement and one of the main concentration places for Hakka people, Tingzhou is also referred to as "Capital of Hakkas"(客家首府). Many Hakkas can trace their origins back to Tingzhou.

One of the most renowned Hakkas is Dr.Sun Yat-sen(孙中山), the Father of Modern China, whose family migration path represents that of most Hakka people. According to the book by former Professor Luo Xianglin (罗香林),Origins of Father of the Nation's Family (国父家世源流考, 1942), Dr. Sun's ancestors migrated as early as the Tang Dynasty from Chenliu, Kaifeng County, in central China's Henanmarker Province (河南省开封县陈留) to Ningdu Countymarker, Jiangximarker (江西宁都). After staying in Ningdu for five generations, the family migrated in the Song Dynasty (宋朝) over to Tingzhou. After three generations the family migrated in the Ming Dynastymarker(明朝) down to Guangdongmarker(广东), whence many family members scattered overseas.

Revolution Era

Tingzhou was renamed "Changting" (长汀) in the 2nd year of the Republic of Chinamarker, ie 1913. During Chinese Civil War, the prefecture was the economic and financial centre of the Chinese Soviet Republic. Tens of thousands of people from "Changting" joined the Chinese Red Army - but not many survived the Long March.

With the founding of the People's Republic of Chinamarker, the Prefecture was renamed again ("Longyan" 龙岩地区marker) and --minus several counties-- its political centre was relocated to Xinluo.

The former prefectural seat --"Tingzhou Town" -- now only a shiretown (or "county-town", 县城), memorialises the imperial-era prefecture. The name of its reduced purview --Changting -- recalls the prefecture in its ROC years.

Notes & References

  1. http://www.changting.gov.cn
  2. http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%BD%97%E9%A6%99%E6%9E%97


External links

  • http://www.changting.gov.cn



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