Tiran ( ) is an island that
officially belongs to Saudi Arabia; however, it is now leased to Egypt for
political reasons. It is located at the entrance of the Straits of
Tiran, which separates the Red Sea from the
It has an area of about
(30 sq mi). It is part of the
Ras Muhammad National
It is of
strategic significance in the area, as it forms the narrowest
section of the Straits of Tiran, which is an important sea passage
to ports in Jordan and Israel: Aqaba and Eilat,
It is inhabited only by military personnel
from Egypt and the Multinational Force and
Chisholm Point is a cape of Tiran Island.
theologists believe that this is the location of the parting of the
Red Sea described in the Book of
Exodus in the Torah.
Until the 6th century CE there was a Jewish
community on the island, which was then called Iotabe
Israel briefly took
over the island during the Suez Crisis
and again between 1967 to 1982 following the events of the Six Day War.
The proposed Saudi-Egypt
would pass through this island.