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Tivat (Cyrillic: Тиват; Italian and Venetian: Teodo, Greek: Θειοδος, Thiodhos) is a coastal town in southwest Montenegromarker, located in the Bay of Kotormarker. It has a population of 9,467 (2003 census).

Tivat is the centre of Tivat municipality (population 13,630), which is the smallest municipality by area in Montenegro.

History

The origin of the name Tivat supposedly goes back to the 3rd century BC. The celtologists claim that the name "Tivat" comes from the Welsh (Celtic) word Tywod, meaning sand. Documents prove as well that Tivat was an important religious centre in the 14th and 15th centuries. The Monastery of St. Michael the Archangel was the seat of the Orthodox Archbishopric of Zeta.

Tivat, the youngest town in the Boka area was established on the spacious plateau at the bottom of Vrmac. According to the archives of Kotormarker, the following names were mentioned here in the 14th century: Teude, Theode, and Theudo who are related to the queen Teuta. There are not many written traces of the events that happened in this region at the time of Houses of Nemanjić, Balšić, Crnojević, Venicemarker, Francemarker, and Austrians.

During the Middle Ages the fertile lands of the Tivat area belonged mostly to the aristocrats of Kotor, Prčanj and Dobrotamarker. There were their big properties, castles, and chalets as well as the collective church of St. Antonmarker dating from 1373. Part of this inheritance, which was the property of the wealthy Buča family, is a marvelous chalet which today houses Tivat’s museums and galleries. The residence of the metropolitan of the Zetan diocese was built from the 13th to the 15th century on Prevlaka Island.

Tivat (called Teodo in the Venetian language), was under the Republic of Venicemarker as a part of Albania Veneta from 1420 to 1797.

Tivat turned into a town by the end of 19th century when in 1889 the Naval arsenal was built by Austriansmarker, and was later used as a naval military base of Yugoslav People's Army, military of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and Army of Montenegro.The JNA enjoyed an international reputation as a powerful, well-equipped, and well trained force. The base are also used by Russia and Libya as the technical base for the for maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) of ships and submarines.The new owner of the naval base, Canadian billionaire Peter Munk, announced that it will build in Tivat luxury marina for mega-yachts "Porto Montenegro ", which the city, he said, turning to "Monaco of southern Adriatic. "

- Marina "Porto Montenegro" will definitely become one of the most attractive places in the Mediterranean and position Montenegro as a nautical world-class destination on a global map - said Munk.Marina "Porto Montenegro" will have more than 800 berths.Also, the hotel "Four Seasons" will be built in Tivat. The new hotel will have 300 beds in 150 rooms, and in its part will work and 85 luxury apartments.

Geography

It is located in the central part of the Boka, south of mount Vrmac. The municipality lies mostly south of the town, and also has an exit to open sea at the tourist location Pržno inlet near Radovići village in south. Its central part, where Tivat Airportmarker is located, lies in fertile Grbalj valley. The airport is located near the isthmus of Lušticamarker peninsula, which belongs to the municipality of Herceg Novimarker for the most part.

Population

Tivat is the administrative centre of Tivat municipality, which has a population of 13,991 (2004).

In 1991 - 11,404:

looking east towards Tivat from a boat


Ethnic groups (2004 data), totally 13,991:

Tourism

Tivat wharf area


Besides being a popular tourist resort for Slavic tourists, Tivat is set to become a nautical tourism centre of southern Adriaticmarker.The inlets near Prevlaka, as well as the localities of Župa and Kalimanj, provide great conditions for the construction of marinas and yachting clubs. Canadian businessman Peter Munk has bought a naval shipyard in Tivat, and intends to transform it in luxury vacation resort and a marina for luxury yachts. In Tivat hinterlands, adjacent to Tivat Airportmarker, golf courses have been planned, further shaping Tivats prospects as a luxury resort.

Beginning from 1971 the Tivat Airportmarker acquired the modern runway and it is now a significant airport for foreign air traffic. It served 573,914 passengers in 2007.

Although it is the youngest town in the Boka region, Tivat has many interesting and attractive destinations. Renaissance Summer House Buca in the centre of city, Ostrvo Cvijeća (Flowers’ Island) with sacred monuments, Gornja Lastva, the old nucleus at an altitude of 300 m, the magnificent sandy beach at Plavi Horizonti and the Sveti Marko Island with ex-Club Med cottages are the most visited tourist destinations in Tivat area. In the city itself there is the natural port Kalimanj. There is also a choice of cultural events, such as "Bocce Olympiad" and "Summer Fest".

Tivat boasts a beautiful botanic garden thanks to the Bokan sailors who brought back a wide variety of exotic tree species and ornamental plants from their voyages around the globe.

Transport

Tivat is connected with the rest of Montenegro by Adriatic Highway, a two-laned road that extends for the length of Montenegrin coast. Reaching inland is made possible by detouring from the Adriatic Highway at Budvamarker or Sutomore (through Sozina tunnel).

The ferry operates on Kamenari - Lepetane line at Verige strait, eliminating the need to go all the way around Boka Kotorska bay in order to reach Herceg Novi riviera. It is speculated that on this ferry route the future Verige bridge will be built.

Tivat Airportmarker is away. This is the biggest airport in Montenegro, although Podgorica airportmarker is more modern. There are regular flights to Belgrademarker throughout the year, and dozens of charter planes land daily on Tivat airport during the summer season.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Tivat is twinned with:

External links




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