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Tlumach ( ; also referred to as Tovmach, ) is a small city located in the Ivano-Frankivsk Oblastmarker, in western Ukrainemarker. It is the administrative center of the Tlumatsky Raion (district).

The current estimated population is around 8,800 (as of 2001).

History

The town came under Austrian control in 1772.

Tłumacz was the seat of a Powiat (district) in the Second Polish Republicmarker. In 1921, its population was around 5,000, consisting mostly of Poles and 2,012 Jews, with members of the Armenian minority. The Ukrainians dominated in the villages around the town. During World War II , the Germans murdered the Jews, and those Poles and Armenians who survived were forced by the Soviets to leave Tlumacz after 1945. Most of them settled in Lower Silesia; they organized themselves into the Association of Inhabitants of Tlumacz, which is located in Wrocławmarker.

Name

In Ukrainian the word means interpretor of the one who explains the meaning of words. Possibly it was named by the White Croats that once inhibited the area.

References

  1. ShtetLinks Page -- Tlumach



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