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Landsoldaten ("The Foot Soldier") statue in Fredericia, Denmark.
Throughout history, many soldiers have died in wars without their remains being identified. In modern times, nations have developed the practice of having a symbolic Tomb of the Unknown Soldier that represents the war grave of those unidentified soldiers.

The Tomb usually contains the remains of a dead soldier who is unidentified (or "known but to God" as the stone is sometimes inscribed) and thought to be impossible ever to identify, so that he might serve as a symbol for all of the unknown dead wherever they fell.

The anonymity of the entombed soldier is key to the symbolism of the monument: since his or her identity is unknown, it could theoretically be the tomb of anyone who fell in service of the nation in question, and therefore serves as a monument to all of their sacrifices. Much work goes into trying to find a certain soldier, and to verify that it is indeed one of the relevant nation's soldiers.

National examples

Countries Location Image Description
Argentinamarker Metropolitan Cathedral in Buenos Airesmarker Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of the Independence
Australia Australian War Memorialmarker in Canberramarker The tomb of the Unknown Australian Soldier.
Austriamarker Heldenplatzmarker in Viennamarker
Belgiummarker Colonnade of the Congressmarker in Brusselsmarker The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the base of the location.
Boliviamarker Monumento al Soldado Desconocido in La Pazmarker The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, center piece of the location.
Brazilmarker Monument to the Pracinhas in Rio de Janeiromarker The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the platform of the location.
Bulgariamarker Monument to the Unknown Soldiermarker in Sofiamarker
Bulgariamarker Monument to the Unknown Soldier in Haskovomarker
Canadamarker Tomb of the Unknown Soldiermarker at the National War Memorialmarker, Confederation Squaremarker, in Ottawamarker King George VI unveiled the National War Memorial, Confederation Square, in Ottawa, Ontariomarker, during his 1939 visit, months before the Second World War began. The Memorial features 23 bronze figures, representing people who fought in the First World War, emerging from an memorial arch, moving from war into peace. Overhead, winged figures symbolize Peace and Liberty. The dates commemorating the Second World War (1939-1945) and the Korean War (1950-1953) were added in 1982. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was added in 2000. Located on the upper plaza, in front of the existing National War Memorial monument, a dark Caledonia granite sarcophagus 12 feet long, 8 feet wide and 3 feet high encloses a casket containing the remains of the unknown soldier. A bronze relief sculpture is secured to the top with stainless steel pins. The four corner pieces of the sarcophagus also has bronze relief work. The unidentified soldier was selected from a cemetery in the vicinity of Vimy Ridgemarker, the site of a famous Canadian battle of the First World War.The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was created to honour the more than 116,000 Canadians whether they be navy, army, air force or merchant marine, who died or may die for their country in all conflicts - past, present, and future. See a 360-degree Virtual Tour of the National War Memorial on http://www.ottawakiosk.com/panos/sparks_street_4.html
Chilemarker General Manuel Baquedano Square in Santiagomarker Contains the remains of a soldier who died in 1881 during the War of the Pacific.
Czech Republicmarker National Memorial on Žižkov (Vítkov) Hill in Praguemarker
Denmarkmarker Fredericiamarker Called Landsoldaten ("The Foot Soldier") monument.
Egyptmarker Unknown Soldier Memorial Also includes the tomb of President Anwar Sadat.
Estoniamarker Cemetery of the Estonian Defence Forcesmarker in Tallinnmarker.
Finlandmarker Hietaniemimarker military cemetery in Helsinkimarker
Francemarker Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, beneath the Arc de Triomphemarker in Parismarker
Germanymarker Unter den Lindenmarker, Berlinmarker Within a 19th century guardhouse, the Neue Wachemarker
Greecemarker Syntagma Squaremarker (Constitution Square), Athensmarker
Hungarymarker Heroes' Squaremarker, Budapestmarker
Iraqmarker The Monument to the Unknown Soldiermarker, Baghdadmarker
Indiamarker India Gatemarker, New Delhimarker Amar Jawan Jyoti (Flame of the Immortal Warrior)
Indonesiamarker Bandungmarker The Field of Honor is a memorial to unknown soldiers. There is also the Tomb of the Unknown (Dutch) Sailor in Kembang Kuning war cemetery in Surabayamarker.
Italymarker Romemarker, Piazza Veneziamarker The Tomb of the Milite Ignoto in the Altare della Patriamarker (Vittoriano)
Japanmarker (1) Tokyomarker

(2) Kyoto

(3) Saitamamarker

(4) Osaka
(1) Chidorigafuchi National Cemetery

(2) Ryozen Kannonmarker

(3) Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of the World

(4) Dai Heiwa Kinen Tō
Lithuaniamarker Kaunasmarker, Vienybės Squaremarker Tomb of Nežinomas kareivis, with remains of soldier who died in fights with Bolsheviks in 1919.
Malaysiamarker Tugu Negara, Kuala Lumpurmarker Completed in 1966 to commemorate combatants who fought against Japanese occupation of pre-independence Malaysia in World War II and the Malayan National Liberation Army insurgency during the Malayan Emergency. Also includes a pre-independence cenotaphmarker, which was shifted from its original location closer to the old town of Kuala Lumpur, commemorating the war dead of World War I, World War II and the Malayan Emergency.
New Zealandmarker Tomb of the Unknown Warriormarker, National War Memorialmarker in Wellingtonmarker
Perumarker Plaza Bolivar (Bolivar Square) in Limamarker Contains the remains of a soldier who died in 1881 during the War of the Pacific.
Philippinesmarker Libingan ng mga Bayanimarker (Cemetery of Heroes) in Manila
Polandmarker Tomb of the Unknown Soldiermarker, Marshall Józef Piłsudski Square in Warsawmarker Constructed as the arcade of Saxon Palacemarker, which was destroyed in 1944. Contains the remains of a soldier who died between 1918 and 1920.
Portugalmarker Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Monastery of Batalhamarker
Romaniamarker Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Carol Parkmarker, Bucharestmarker
Russiamarker Tomb of the Unknown Soldiermarker, Alexander Gardenmarker, Moscowmarker
Serbiamarker Monument to the Unknown Heromarker, Mt.marker Avalamarker, Belgrademarker
Sloveniamarker Monument to the Unknown Frenchmarker Soldier, French Revolution Square in Ljubljanamarker
Spainmarker Monumento a los Caidos por España marker, Plaza de la Lealtad, Madridmarker Popularly known as the 'Obelisco' ("Obelisk"), it is built on the same place where General Joachim Murat ordered the execution of numerous Spaniards after the Dos de Mayo Uprising of 1808. Originally inaugurated on May 2, 1840, it was re-inaugurated on November 22, 1985, by King Juan Carlos I as a remembrance to all those who gave their life for Spain. A flame fuelled by gas has been constantly burning on the front of the monument.
Syriamarker Tomb of the Unknown Soldiermarker in Damascusmarker.
Turkeymarker Çanakkale Martyrs' Memorialmarker (in Turkish: Çanakkale Şehitleri Anıtı) Erected for the unknown martyrs of the Çanakkalemarker Front, which was the arena for the Battle of Gallipoli during World War I. Opened on 20 August 1960. Another monument at the same site is for the foreign soldiers (mostly Australian and New Zealand Army Corps [ANZAC]) lost in the same clash.
Ukrainemarker Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Dnieper Park, Kievmarker
Ukrainemarker Monument to the Unknown Sailor, Shevchenko Park in Odessamarker
United Kingdommarker Tomb of The Unknown Warriormarker, Westminster Abbeymarker in Londonmarker
United Statesmarker Tomb of the Unknownsmarker, Arlington National Cemeterymarker, Virginiamarker
United Statesmarker Tomb of the Unknown Revolutionary War Soldiermarker, Washington Squaremarker in Philadelphiamarker
United Statesmarker Tomb of the Unknown Confederate Soldier, Beauvoirmarker, Biloxi, Mississippimarker
Venezuelamarker Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Carabobo Field, Carabobo


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