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Tomos is a Slovenianmarker manufacturer based in the city of Kopermarker. Tomos has produced various good for the Eastern European market, including motorcycles, cars, mopeds, Outboard motors and boats. Commonly only the mopeds are well known. Tomos acquired a license to produce existing moped models from Puch under the Tomos name. Tomos once produced Citroën cars for the home market.

Tomos moped's are also produced in Epemarker, the Netherlandsmarker since 1966. A very good-selling model was the Tomos "4L", produced from 1969 until 1980. The Dutch development team is responsible for the introduction of models like the Colibri, Targa and Revival. Tomos is the last remaining moped factory in the Netherlands, surviving at least 36 others since 1966.

Tomos in the Slovene language is an acronym for TOvarna MOtornih koles Sežana, meaning Motorcycle Company Sežana. Despite TOMOS being the only true Moped supplier for the US market, the brand remains strong and reliable with many innovations. Repair is cheap and simple—considering that a new unit only costs around $1099 to $1899 USD delivered.

The Statement that the moped factory was closed in November 2007, because it was not longer competitive against Chinese and Indian producers caused a stir for several days in the TOMOS moped community. This is inaccurate. following the links provided show that there was a problem in translation; TOMOS dealers and websites concur that TOMOS is NOT ending production; it is outsourcing parts. [77688] [77689]

History

TOMOS has had a long storied history for over 50 years in the two-wheeled industry. It took collaboration of like and proud minds, as well as determination and vision to work together to start this enterprise. These gentlemen never imagined that TOMOS would become larger than themselves. Here’s our story.

After World War II, opportunities to develop a new industry were sought at Karst. Despite obstacles, doubts, and contrary opinions justification of producing two-wheelers was realized in July 1954. The founders established the factory of motorcycles and the project was signed in Seþana. The very next month, the name TOMOS (TOvarna MOtornih koles Seþana) appeared in the company documents for the first time. In October 1954, the Slovene government finalized a territory and started to build a factory in Koper, the seaside industrial center of Slovenia, where it remains today.

The first director of the factory, Franc Pecar, signed the license agreement with the Austrian company Steyr-Daimler-Puch which corresponded to Tomos’ production plans, as it produced economical and robust motorcycles suitable for gravel roads and steep terrain characteristic of the region. Puch offered favorable licensing terms and conditions as it doubted that the factory would ever be able to operate independently.Temporary premises were set up at the end of 1954 and they started producing motor vehicles the next year. The construction of a new production facility started immediately after the establishment of the company and lasted until 1959, when the factory was officially opened by the then President of Yugoslavia Josip Broz-Tito (1892 – 1980).

Production:

The first product made in TOMOS was a motorcycle called TOMOS Puch SG 250. In 1955 they made 137 of these motorcycles and assembled 124 RL 125 scooters and one hundred mopeds. The next year, mopeds accounted for the majority (1712) of the total number of assembled units, followed by motorcycles (615) and scooters. Simultaneously with the licensed production, TOMOS focused all of its strengths in its own development of serial models.

The beginnings of our own development of mopeds reach back to late 1950s, when numerous variants of the moped Puch MS 50 were produced under the common name Colibri. The first Colibris were marked VS 50; later marks ranged from 01 to 013. Individual variants were adapted to foreign markets. In 1959, they produced more than 17,000 Colibris and signed a contract for the first major export to Sweden. Among the most successful Colibris was the type 12, while its version Colibri T 12, which was first presented in 1961 became the most popular moped in Slovenia.

In early 1960s, market research showed that the interest in heavy motorcycles was decreasing all over Europe, which is why TOMOS adapted its range of motorcycles and focused exclusively on the production of two-stroke 50 cm3 motorcycles. In order to ensure systematic and organized development, the Institute for Technical and Economic Research was established in 1962, which was later developed into modern and well-equipped Institute of TOMOS.

The 1960s were the most productive period for TOMOS. Holland emerged as an important market in 1960. TOMOS had so much success, that the only other plant outside of Slovenia was granted to Holland in 1966. The factory still produces for the Holland market along with research and development of new units. Holland remains the strongest market for TOMOS today.

At the brink of the 1970’s, TOMOS started preparing for the production of “automatics” designed and constructed by the company itself, as the market was increasingly interested in such type of motorcycles and the components produced abroad were more and more expensive. Therefore, they produced Automatic A1 with improved single gear engine which was built into the framework structure of the previous Automatic. Its successor, Automatic A3 was made in 1973 when they launched the new, modernized production line with automated machines for framework welding. This was the beginning of the production of new frameworks in TOMOS which were visually different from the licensed Puch's motorcycle frameworks.

As the standard of living increased significantly in the seventies, the number of young buyers also grew. These were attracted by automatics and mopeds of the type A-OS, A-ON and APN. The latter type was particularly popular among the young, which is why TOMOS started producing special variants of these mopeds with raised handlebars, seat with back support, side bags and a lot of chrome.

In the 1970’s, several new models of Colibris were sent to the markets. Colibris T-03, T-12 and T-13 had Puch’s motors while Colibri 14V had inbuilt motor produced by TOMOS, according to its own design. After 1973 all motorcycles and bicycles with motors attached produced by TOMOS were equipped with in-house manufactured engines. In this period, they also developed Colibri 15 with a stronger motor which could almost compete with motorcycles.

In the 1960’s and 1970’s TOMOS’s developmental activity reached its peak in terms of the volume of patents and prototypes. However, during the 1979 – 1980 time frame TOMOS was faced with restrictive environmental standards for the first time. In the 1980’s, TOMOS modernized the entire range of two-wheelers and concentrated on reducing the level of noise and harmful emissions, and increased the rider’s comfort along with a more modern look.

1976 saw the debut of TOMOS in the United States of America through US distributors. These new distributors set up the initial dealer network stateside. There were many European manufacturers who had mopeds in the USA market. The market hit its zenith in 1979 as gas prices were at a premium and shortages were common due to a change in OPEC policy. People started to rethink their consumption of gasoline and looked to more efficient means. The moped surfaced as that alternative reaching over 100 mpg.

The entire range of two-wheelers was again competing globally after the modernization in the 1980’s. The first product from this new range was APN 6 which was introduced in 1981. In 1985, TOMOS launched a new generation of motorcycles, the BT 50 with cast wheels and turn signals. Based on this model, TOMOS ATX 50 C was produced later for off-road use.

Early in 1991, the Republic of Yugoslavia broke up. Slovenia with its close ties to Austria and Italy was first to gain its independence. This brought on new challenges for the company to which were navigated successfully. In 1998, the company was bought out by a large private corporation; Hidria. This move proved to be very successful and beneficial to TOMOS. It allowed for continual improvements in the factory’s future endeavors.

In the 1990’s TOMOS came out with the Sprint, Targa, and Targa LX. The later two were eventually changed to TOMOS ST and TOMOS LX. A new engine was introduced called the A35.

In 2000, TOMOS USA was started in Greenville, South Carolina. The new office and warehouse complex is over 24,000 sq. ft. It was the first time that the factory from Europe took over operations in the USA from American distributors. This decision was made to streamline operations and for the factory to get a better feel for the North American market.

Back in Europe, the factory was focusing on doing more business with some of Europe’s premiere motorcycle brands. Because of TOMOS’s strict adherence to quality, a contract was signed with Germany’s BMW to produce component parts for some of its units. That production continues today from Koper.

In 2004, Slovenia was admitted into the European Union. This move allowed the company to further benefit from a stable currency, trade, and a collective European system.

New models were also introduced during these years such as the MC Off-Road Line, Revival, Streetmate, and Arrow. Complementing these new units was a new family engine called the A55 in 2006. Due to stricter EPA emissions, TOMOS mounted the A55 engine on all of its 2007 models. TOMOS continues to meet or exceed EPA standards and has met the requirements for 2008.

The factory continues to modernize at its original location in Koper, Slovenia to meet new market demands.

Products

Mopeds

Former Yugoslavia

Tomos Automatic
Tomos APN 6
Tomos APN 4
Tomos Alpino
Tomos Hip Hop
Tomos Funsport
Tomos Revival
Tomos Streetmate
Tomos Youngstr
Tomos Flexer










Outboard motors

Tomos 3.5
Tomos 4
Tomos 4.5
Tomos 4.8
Tomos 10
Tomos 18






Cars

Tomos Spaćek

Motorcycles

Tomos Electronic
Tomos CTX 80
Tomos ATX 50

Enduro

Tomos Se 125 F

References



External links




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