South Africa, the term township usually refers to the (often
underdeveloped) urban living areas that, under Apartheid, were reserved for non-whites
(principally black Africans and Coloureds,
but also working class Indians).
Children in a township near Cape Town
Townships were usually built on the periphery of towns and
During the Apartheid Era
evicted from properties that were in areas designated as "white
only" and forced to move into townships. Legislation that enabled
the Apartheid government to do this included the Group Areas Act
. Forced removal from city
centres to townships has continued in post-apartheid South Africa.
The difference is that under apartheid all black people faced
forced removals to townships while now it is only the poor living
in shack settlements
eviction to townships on the peripheries of cities. In Cape Town and Durban this has
given rise to mass resistance.
The new townships being built to house people forcibly removed from
shack settlements have much smaller houses than those built under
apartheid and are often, but not always, even further from city
centres than apartheid era townships. However some old townships
have seen rapid development since 1994, with, for instance,
wealthy, and middle-income areas growing up in parts of Soweto,
Townships for non-whites were also called locations
and are often still referred to by that name in smaller towns. The
term "Kasie", a popular short version of "Lokasie" is also used
sometimes to refer to townships.
Townships sometimes have large informal
Despite their origins in apartheid South
, today the terms township, location and informal settlements
are not used pejoratively.
However policy makers are, as in the 1950s, once again using the
' in a highly pejorative way.
Most South African towns and cities will have at least one township
associated with them. Today they are often viewed as just one of
the many suburbs that an urban area might have.
File:Aliwal North - Dukatole - 03.05 -
Housebuilding Projekt.jpg|Construction of a house in the former
township Dukathole (near Aliwal North).
The house is build within the scope of a
house building project of the order "Sisters of the Holy
".File:Aliwal North - Dukatole - 03.05 -
Shack.jpg|A bigger shack made of corrugated iron within DukatholeFile:Aliwal North - Dukatole - 03.05 - Street
Shop.jpg|Little shop on the main street of DukatholeFile:Aliwal North - Dukatole - 03.05 - Street
scene.jpg|Dukathole - Street scene
Townships and the 2010 Football World Cup
A new drive has been taken to renew and revitalize the view of
townships in South Africa ahead of the 2010 Football World Cup. The
drive is to educate potential tourists of township attractions, not
only to stimulate business but also to give tourists a different
view of South African townships. Some of these initiatives have
been driven by government and some by private entities like
which aim to showcase South African townships and all they have to
townships include Atteridgeville, Azaadville, Bekkersdal, Boipatong, Botleng, Bophelong, Chatsworth, Daveyton, Diepmeadow (Diepkloof and Meadowlands),
Dobsonville, Duduza, Eersterust, Evaton, Galeshewe, Guguletu, Lebowakgomo, Nyanga, Zwide, Mahwelereng, Mfuleni,
Hammanskraal, Impumelelo, Kagiso,
Katlehong, Khayelitsha, Kayamandi, Khutsong, KwaThema, KwaMashu, Laudium, Lenasia, Langa, Mamelodi, Masiphumelele, Mdantsane, Mitchell's Plain,
Mohlakeng, Munsieville, Orange Farm, Phoenix, Ratanda,
Refengkgotso, Refilwe, Reiger Park,
Roshnee, Sebokeng, Seshego, Sharpeville, Soshanguve, Tembisa, Thokoza, Tsakane, Umlazi, Vosloorus, Wattville, Zamdela, and Zithobeni,
The legal meaning of the term township
Africa differs from the popular usage. They are used on land
titles, and subdivided into erfs (yards, as in the land your house
is built on). An example of this can be seen at  
, where areas of various kinds, regardless of
the racial makeup of their populations are described as townships.
The term township can thus also mean a designated area or district.
For instance "Industrial Township" has been used in reference to an
industrial area, e.g. "Westmead Industrial Township", in Pinetown, South Africa.
Kayamandi. A township of
- http://www.abahlali.org See, for instance, the website of