issued by various countries.
Main article: Trade Dollar
States Trade Dollar is a silver dollar coin that was issued by the United States Mint and minted in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania, Carson City, and San Francisco from 1873 to
This 1875-S US Trade Dollar was graded
as an MS-60 by the PCGS grading service.
Business strikes ended in 1878.The coin was designed
by William Barber, the mint's chief engraver. More trade dollars
were minted in San Francisco than Carson City and Philadelphia
combined. San Francisco was closest both to the source of the
silver as well as the ultimate destination of the coins, China.
Many Trade Dollars have what are called "chop marks" on them. The
Chinese merchants would stamp the coins as a way to check their
authenticity and to add their advertising logo.
The United States Congress
authorized the U.S. Mint to create a trade dollar to improve trade
with the Orient
, China in particular.
that, the Mexican peso had been the
primary silver coin used in trading with China.
fact, the eagle on the trade dollar's reverse looks quite similar
to the peso's. The coin was minted at 420 grain
(27 g) of silver with a fineness
of .900 (90 %), about 8 grains (520 mg)
more than the domestic silver dollar of the time, and 4 more than
the peso. However, the peso was .903 silver.
are warned that recently a large number of U.S. trade
dollars, of various quality have been made in China.
Purchasing from known dealers or buying sealed and certified coins
may be necessary to avoid these fakes.
Japanese Trade Dollar was a dollar coin,
issued from 1875 to 1877.
It was minted of 27.22 grams
of silver with a fineness
of 900 (90 %). The Yen
coin had 26.96 grams of
silver at that time.
2,736,000 Japanese coins were minted, the vast majority in 1876-77.
Because of their high bullion value they were withdrawn from use
and the majority were counterstamped with the character "gin"
(Japanese for "silver"). The Osaka mint placed the mark on the left
side of the reverse, the Tokyo mint on the right. The coins were
then released for use outside Japan.
extension of British trading interests in the East, especially
after the founding of Singapore in 1819 and Hong Kong in 1842, it became necessary to produce a special
Dollar so as to remove the reliance of a British Colony upon the
various foreign coins then in circulation.
British Trade Dollar B Mint Year
The Picture is a
Trade Dollar from the reign of Victoria. It is a 1900 B mint.
China Trade, Silver Dollars were a direct result of the Opium Wars
(1839-1843, 1856-1860), which began
when China tried to stop Britain from selling opium to its
citizens. The loser, China, had to open up a number of ports to
British trade and residence, and cede Hong Kong to Britain. In the
decades that followed, merchants and adventurers flocked to these
areas, and international trade flourished. Foreign banks were
established, and large silver coins from all over the world began
arriving to pay for tea, silk, and Chinese porcelain to be shipped
abroad. These .900 fine silver trade dollars were then circulated
throughout China, where they were readily accepted as a medium of
exchange. The British Trade Dollars, minted exclusively for use in
the Far East, depict Britannia standing on shore, holding a trident
in one hand and balancing a British shield in the other, with a
merchant ship under full sail in the background. On the reverse is
an arabesque design with the Chinese symbol for longevity in the
center, and the denomination in two languages— Chinese and Jawi
The British Trade Dollar was minted from 1895 for Hong Kong and the
Straits Settlements. But after the Straits dollar
was introduced to the Straits
Settlements in 1903, it became exclusively a Hong Kong coin, with
the last being produced in 1935. Those with the mint mark "B" were
produced at the Bombay mint; others, marked "C", were struck in
Calcutta. The mint mark "C" can be found in the ground between the
left foot of Britannia and the base of the shield, while the mint
mark "B" is located in the centre prong of the trident. The 1921-B
dollar was struck but never released for circulation, and only a
limited number of 1934-B and 1935-B coins were released. Certain
dates are found with a new date being over-struck on another; these
include 1897-B over 1896-B, 1900-B over 1894-B, 1901-B over 1900-B,
1909-B over 1908-B, 1904-B over 1898-B, 1903-B over 1902-B, 1908-B
over 1903-B, 1904-B over 1903-B, 1929-B over 1901-B, 1908-B over
1907-B, and 1910-B over 1900-B. The British Trade Dollar was
demonetized on August 1, 1937.