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Tramways in Lyon: Map

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The current tramway network in Lyonmarker comprises four lines. Lines T1 and T2 opened in 2001, line T3 opened at the end of 2006 and Line T4 opened in 2009. Line T1 extends from Montrochet to IUT Feyssine via Perrache, Part-Dieu Vivier-Merle and Charpennes. Line T2 goes from Perrache to Saint-Priest – Bel-Air via Jean-Macé, Grange-Blanche and Porte des Alpes. Line T3 goes from Part-Dieu - Villette to Meyzieumarker Z.I. via Vaulx – La Soie. Line T4 runs between Jet d'Eau and Cliniques Feyzin. Service is provided by 57 Alstom Citadis trams.

Original network (1879 – 1957)

Tram station at Place Carnot at the beginning of the 20th century


Original OTL network

The first tram network was built and operated by the Compagnie des Omnibus et tramways de Lyon (OTL), founded in 1879. It consisted of 10 (standard gauge), horse-drawn lines totaling 44 km, serving Lyonmarker, Villeurbannemarker, La Mulatièremarker et Oullinsmarker :

The first line to open was line 5, from Place Bellecourmarker to Vaise along the Saône river, competing with riverboats. Lines 1 and 7 followed the approximate routes of the current metro lines D and A, respectively. The network was gradually extended, by the OTL and by acquisitions of competing operators between 1894 and 1914.

OTL extensions

Tram from Line 12


La Société du Tramway d'Écully

 (Metre gauge) lines to the northwest, acquired by the OTL in 1894.


La Compagnie Lyonnaise des Tramways (CLT)

Metre gauge, steam powered lines on the left bank of the Rhône river. Became the Nouvelle Compagnie Lyonnaise des Tramways (NLT) in 1902, then acquired by the OTL in 1906.
  • 23 : Pont Lafayette - Cimetière de la Guillotière, extended to Monplaisir-la-Plaine. The extension of the line, electrified to Saint-Priestmarker used the number 34 from 1925 à 1935.
  • 24 : Pont Lafayette - Asile de Bronmarker
  • 25 : Cordeliers - Montchat
  • 26 : Rue Casimier-Périer - Parc de la Tête d'Ormarker
  • 27 : Cordeliers - Croix-Luizet.


La Compagnie du Fourvière Ouest Lyonnais (FOL)

Fourvièremarker and Saint-Just funiculars and trams in the west plateau. Acquired by the OTL in 1910.

La Compagnie du Tramway de Caluire (CTC)

Acquired by the OTL in 1914. Originally metric gauge, converted to standard gauge in 1925.

The first steam-driven tram line, the number 12, linked Lyonmarker and Vénissieuxmarker in 1888. The network was electrified between 1893 and 1899. Extensions to the suburbs were built until 1914. This was the height of the network - high quality service, low price, high frequency and high profitability for shareholders. The inflation after World War II made the network unprofitable. Beginning in the 1930s, tramways were progressively replaced with trolleybuses and later buses. A modernization plan, including underground sections in the city centre, planned in the 1940s was rapidly abandoned. The last urban tram ran on line 4 in 1956 and the last suburban tram, the "Train bleu" in Neuville-sur-Saônemarker, was abandoned in 1957.

The current network (since 2001)

Following a decline in the 1950s and 1960s, public transit in Lyon was revived in the 1970s with the opening of the Lyon Metro. In 1996 a decision was made to build a new tram network to complement the metro. The first two lines were opened on January 2, 2001: Line T1 from Perrache to IUT-Feyssine via Part-Dieu and Charpennes and Line T2 from Perrache to Porte des Alpes via Jean-Macé and Grange-Blanche. Line T2 was extended to Saint-Priest on October 27, 2003 and Line T1 was extended to Montrochet on September 15, 2005. Line T3 (codenamed LEA) was opened on December 4, 2006 along the former Chemin de Fer de l'Est Lyonnais tracks from Part-Dieu Villette to Meyzieumarker. Line T4 opened on April 20, 2009, running from Jet d'eau - Mendès France to Hôpital Feyzin - Vénissieux.



Line T1

Operates from 4:52am to 12:27am, maintained by the Centre de Maintenance de Saint-Priestmarker - Porte des Alpes.

  • Musée des Confluences extension to Musée des Confluences once the museum opens
  • Montrochet
  • Sainte-Blandine
  • Suchet
  • Perrache train stationmarker (transfers : Gare de Lyon-Perrachemarker SNCF, Metro A, Tram T2, Bus 8 - 31 - 32 - 46 - 49 - 49D - 55 - 63 - 73 - 91 / Navette Presqu'Île - 96 - N4 - 101 - 105 - 125 - 175 / Airport shuttle - 182 - 184 - 185)
  • Quai Claude Bernard
  • Rue de l'Université (transfers : Bus 53)
  • Saint-André
  • Guillotière (transfers : Metro D, Bus 12 - 23)
  • Liberté
  • Saxe - Préfecture (transfers : Bus 4 - 18 - 23 - 28 - 99)
  • Palais de Justice - Mairie du 3ème (transfers : Metro B at Place Guichard - Bourse du Travail, Bus 28 - 99)
  • Part-Dieu - Servient ( )
  • *Part-Dieu (transfers: Part-DieumarkerSNCF, Metro B, Bus C1 - 25 - 28 - 36 - 37 - 41 - 47 - 59 - 59E - 70 - 99 - 175 / Navette Gares Aéroport - Express Crémieu Bourgoin, Tram T3, Bus 198 - 296)
  • Thiers - Lafayette (transfer : Bus 1)
  • Collège Bellecombe (transfers : Bus 34)
  • Charpennes - Charles Hernu (transfers : Metro B - Metro A, Bus 27 - 34 - 37 - 59 - 59E - 70)
  • Le Tonkin
  • Condorcet (transfer : Bus 38)
  • Université Lyon Imarker
  • La Doua - Gaston Berger
  • INSAmarker - Einstein (transfer : Bus 69)
  • Croix-Luizet
  • IUT - Feyssine. P+R Tramway.


Line T2

Operates from 4:55am to 12:35am, maintained by the Centre de Maintenance de Saint-Priestmarker - Porte des Alpes.

  • Perrache train stationmarker (transfers : Gare de Lyon-Perrachemarker SNCF, Metro A, Tram T1, Bus 8 - 31 - 32 - 46 - 49 - 49D - 55 - 63 - 73 - 91 / Navette Presqu'Île - 96 - N4 - 101 - 105 - 125 - 175 / Airport shuttle - 182 - 184 - 185)
  • Centre Berthelot
  • Jean Macé (transfers : Metro B, Bus 4 - 11 - 18 - 35 - 47 - 53 - 96 - 175 / Navette Gares Aéroport)
  • Garibaldi - Berthelot (transfers : Bus 12 - 35)
  • Route de Vienne (transfers : Bus 12 - 35)
  • Jet d'Eau - Mendès France (transfers: Bus 36 - 53 - 296)
  • Villon
  • Bachut - Mairie du 8ème (transfers: Bus 23 - 24 - 26)
  • Jean XXIII - Maryse Bastié
  • Grange-Blanche (transfers: Metro D, Bus 9 - 28 - 34 - 38 - 79 - 175 / Navette Gares Aéroport)
  • Ambroise Paré (transfers: Bus 28 - 38)
  • Vinatier
  • Essarts - Iris
  • Boutasse - Camille Rousset (transfers: Bus 81)
  • Hôtel de Ville - Bronmarker (transfers: Bus 9 - 24 - 79)
  • Les Alizés
  • Rebufer (transfers: Bus 52 - 78)
  • Parilly - Université (transfers: Bus 81)
  • Europe - Université
  • Porte des Alpes (transfers: Bus 26 - 81). P+R Tramway
  • Parc Technologique
  • Hauts de Feuilly
  • Salvador Allende
  • Alfred de Vigny (transfers: Bus 62 - Zi1)
  • Saint-Priest - Hôtel de Ville (transfers: Bus 50 - 53 - 54 - 62 - 94 - Zi1)
  • Esplanade des arts (transfers: Bus 50 - 62)
  • Jules Ferry (transfers Bus 50 - 53 - 94)
  • Cordière
  • Saint-Priest - Bel Air (transfers: Bus 50E - 53). P+R Tramway.


Line T3

Operates from 4:27am to 12:08am, maintained by the Centre de Maintenance de Meyzieumarker.

Codenamed "LEA" (Ligne de L'Est de l'Agglomération), Line T3 runs along a portion of the former CFEL (Compagnie des chemins de fer de l'Est de Lyon) train line from the Gare de l'Est de Lyonmarker to Saint-Genixmarker-d'Aostemarker (via Crémieumarker, Jallieu et Montalieumarker).
  • Gare Part-Dieu (transfers : Part-Dieumarker SNCF, Bus 198 - 296. Metro B]], Tram T1, Bus C1 - 25 - 28 - 36 - 37 - 41 - 47 - 59 - 59E - 70 - 99 - 175 / Navette Gares Aéroport - Express Crémieu Bourgoin)
  • Dauphiné - Lacassagne (transfers: Bus 25 - 28 - 34)
  • Reconnaissance - Balzac (transfer: Bus 99)
  • Gare de Villeurbannemarker (transfer: Bus 38). P+R Tramway
  • Bel Air - Les Brosses (transfer: Bus 81)
  • Vaulx-en-Velinmarker - La Soie (transfer: Metro A, opening September 20, 2007, Bus 16 - 64 - 68 - Direct Eurexpo). P+R Métro et Tramway
  • Décines - Centre (transfer: Bus 67). P+R Tramway
  • Décines-Charpieu - Grand Large (transfers: Bus 7 - 16 - 67 - 85 - 95). P+R Tramway
  • Meyzieu - Gare (transfer: Bus 67). P+R Tramway
  • Meyzieu - ZI (transfer: Bus Zi2). P+R Tramway.


Line T3, which is 14.6 km long, runs largely on ballasted railroad track. It takes 23 minutes to go from Part-Dieu Villette to Meyzieu - ZI, and runs at a maximum speed of 70 km/h (60 km/h at intersections, of which 26 are equipped with crossing gates). 7 km run near residential areas and are equipped with a noise barrier.

Line T4

Operates from 4:52am to 12:45am, maintained by the Centre de Maintenance de Saint-Priestmarker - Porte des Alpes. There are plans to extend the line from Jet d'Eau to Part-Dieu, Charpennes and IUT Feyssine by 2013.

  • Jet d'Eau - Mendès France (transfers: Tram T2, Bus 36 - 53)
  • Lycée Lumière (transfer: Bus 53)
  • États-Unis - Musée Tony Garnier (transfers: Bus 32 - 34 - 53)
  • Professeur Beauvisage - CISL (transfers: Bus 32 - 34 - 53)
  • États-Unis - Viviani (transfer: Bus 53)
  • Joliot Curie - Marcel Sembat (transfers: Bus 35 - 82)
  • La Borelle (transfers: Bus 35 - 82)
  • Gare de Vénissieux (transfers: Gare de Vénissieux TER, Metro D, Bus 35 - 39 - 54 - 80 - 87 - 93 - 94 - Zi1). P+R Métro
  • Croizat - Paul Bert (transfer: Bus 39)
  • Marcel Houël - Hôtel de Ville (transfer: Bus 12)
  • Lycée Jacques Brel (transfer: Bus 12)
  • Herriot - Cagne (transfer: Bus 12)
  • Vénissy
  • Division Leclerc
  • Maurice Thorez (transfer: Bus 60)
  • Lénine - Corsière
  • Darnaise
  • Hôpital Feyzin - Vénissieux (transfers: Bus 12 - 93)


Future extensions

Rhônexpress

Rhônexpress is an express line which will link Part-Dieu Villette to Saint-Exupéry airport, with intermediate stops at Vaulx-en-Velin – La Soie (transfer to Metro Line A) and Meyzieu ZI. Work started on 9th October 2008; completion is planned for August 2010. The Conseil général of the Rhônemarker franchised the operation of this line for 30 years to Rhônexpress, a consortium including VINCI (28.2 %), Veolia Transport (28.2 %), Vossloh Infrastructure Service (4.2 %), Cegelec Centre Est (2,8 %) and the Caisse des dépôts et consignations.

The route will be served by 6 tram-trains, which will be built by the Swiss builder Stadler Rail. The route will have a length of and it will take 25 minutes to go from Part-Dieu to the airport; service will be every 15 minutes at peak times. The project includes building of new track, while remainder of the route will run along the tracks of the existing T3 tram line, which is built with passing tracks to allow express service. The service will not be run by TCL.

Bibliography

  • Lyon du tram au tram / Jean Arrivetz. - La Régordane, 2001. - ISBN 2-906984-37-X
  • Sur les rails du Lyonnais : volume 2 : les réseaux secondaires, tacots, ficelles et métro / José Banaudo. - Les éditions du Cabri, Gérad Tisserand et De Borée 2002. - ISBN 2-84494-134-6
  • 20 Minutes - Le tramway Léa fait ses premiers pas.


References

  1. Le Chemin de fer de l'Est de Lyon de MM. Domengie, Alquati, Moulin et Roze, Les Éditions du Cabri, 1996
  2. Sytral page on T4 tram line
  3. http://www.lyon-en-lignes.org/content/view/312/129/
  4. Ville et transports - magazine, January 17, 2007


External links




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