The Full Wiki

More info on Tramways in Strasbourg

Tramways in Strasbourg: Map

Advertisements
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



Tramways in Strasbourg
Strasbourg tram, at the place Broglie


The Strasbourgmarker tram system, run by the CTS, consists of five lines, A, B, C, D and E. Lines A and D were opened in 1994, lines B and C were opened in 2000 and line E was opened in 2007. A new line, F, is being built since February 2009 and will be opened in December 2010.

History

The first tram line in Strasbourg, which was originally horse-drawn, opened in 1878. After 1894, when an electric powered tram system was introduced, a widespread network of tramways was built in the largest city of Alsacemarker, including also several longer distance lines on both sides of the Rhine. The decline of the tramways system began in the 1930s, and ended with the retirement of the service in 1960. After a long drawn out communal political decision process, the tram was reintroduced in 1994. As part of the redevelopment of the city, a track of a total 33 km distance was built, on which 5 tram line services have been developed.

Horse-drawn and electric, 1878 - 1960

On the 5th April 1877 the Strasbourg Horse/Railway Company was founded, and the name changed on 25 April 1888 to the "Strasboug Tramway Company". Elektrokonzern AEG was the main shareholder from May 1897 onwards, and in 1912 the company was handed over to the possession of the city of Strasbourg. Out of that society, the current "Compagnie des tramways strasbourgeois“ (CTS) arose, in which form it exists today.

Public transport in Strasbourg commenced in 1848 with horse-drawn omnibuses and carriages. The first standard gauge tracks of the Horse/Railway Company were opened on 20 July 1878. These passed through the areas of "Hönheimmarker" and "zur Kehler Brücke". In the inner city, horses were used. In the suburbs, small steam locomotives drew the carriages. By 1885 further lines to the suburbs of Königshofen, Robertsau, Neuhof and Wolfisheimmarker were opened, and in 1886 the meter gauge was first used in extending the track to Grafenstadenmarker.

The electic company of AEG was engaged to install electricrraction of that line in December 1894. Though the contract between town and company had included the maintaining of standard gauge, since 1897, the standard gauge tracks were converted to one-meter gauge. New lines were built and run to Kronenburg, Lingolsheimmarker and Breuschwickersheimmarker.

After in 1918 Strasbourg had become French, the 1920 all lines east of the Rhine (almost 50% of the overland network) were taken over at first by the shortly founded general German railway company of Deutsche Reichseisenbahnen, than in 1922 by the reginal Mittelbadische Eisenbahnen (Central Baden Railways).

In 1930, the network comprised 234 km of track, extending from Strasbourg to the Vosges Mountainsmarker, Colmarmarker and across the Rhinemarker to Germanymarker. There were 55 million passengers in 1930 and 71.5 million passengers in 1943. In the 1950s, the tram, already weakened by World War II, faced competition from other modes of transport such as the bus, the bicycle and the private automobile. The tram system was abandoned in 1960 and replaced by buses; the last tram ran on May 1, 1960. Much of the traffic was absorbed by the private automobile.

Due to increasing traffic and pollution, the City of Strasbourg decided in the 1990s to build a new, modern tram system. Its goal was to pedestrianize and revitalize the city centre. Major roads were closed to automobile traffic, and parking in the downtown was removed and replaced by park-and-ride lots in the suburbs. The first line, line A, opened in 1994. In 2006 new trams were introduced, first on lines A and D and later on the rest of the network.

Current network

As of May 23, 2008, the current network has 5 lines and a total length of 55 km.

The five lines are:

  • Line A: Hautepierre Maillon in the northeast to Illkirchmarker Lixenbuhl in the south (12.5 km).
  • Line B: Hoenheimmarker Gare in the north to Lingolsheimmarker in the southwest (14.7 km).
  • Line C: Elsau in the southwest to Neuhof in the southeast.
  • Line D: Rotonde in the northwest to Aristide Briand in the east.
  • Line E Robertsau Boecklin in the north and Baggersee in the south.


A Hautepierre-Maillon - Dante - Hôpital de Hautepierre - Ducs d'Alsace - Saint-Florent - Rotonde - Gare Centrale (souterrain) - Ancienne Synagogue Les Halles - Homme de Fer - Langstross Grand Rue - Porte de l'Hôpital - Etoile Bourse - Etoile Polygone - Schluthfeld - Krimmeri Stade de la Meinau - Émile Mathis - Hohwart - Baggersee - Colonne - Leclerc - Campus d'Illkirch - Illkirch Lixenbuhl
B Elsau - Montagne Verte - Laiterie - Musée d'Art Moderne - Faubourg National - Alt Winmärik (Vieux Marché aux Vins) - Homme de Fer - Place Broglie - République - Parc du Contade - Lycée Kléber - Wacken - Rives de l'Aar - Futura Glacière - Le Marais - Pont Phario - Lycée Marc Bloch - Le Ried - Général de Gaulle - Hoenheim Gare
C Elsau - Montagne Verte - Laiterie - Musée d'Art Moderne - Faubourg National - Alt Winmärik (Vieux Marché aux Vins) - Homme de Fer - Place Broglie - République - Gallia - Universités - Observatoire - Esplanade - Winston Churchill - Landsberg - Jean Jaurès - Lycée Jean Monnet - Gravière - Kibitzenau - Saint Christophe - Rodolphe Reuss
D Rotonde - Gare Centrale (souterrain) - Ancienne Synagogue Les Halles - Homme de Fer - Langstross Grand Rue - Porte de l'Hôpital - Etoile Bourse - Etoile Polygone - Landsberg - Jean Jaurès - Aristide Briand
E Baggersee - Hohwart - Lycée Couffignal - Krimmeri Meinau - Schluthfeld - Etoile Polygone - Landsberg - Windston Churchill - Esplanade - Observatoire - Université - Gallia - République - Parc du Contades - Lycée Kléber - Wacken - Parlement Européen - Droits de L'Homme - Robertsau Boecklin


Some stations connect to the bus network, run by the CTS.

Future extensions

  • Line A : Extension to Cronenbourg - Zénith de Strasbourgmarker) to the northwest, planned.
  • Line B: To Lingolsheimmarker (southwest) - 2 phases: To Hotel de Ville/Ostwald, which opened on 30 January 2008, then to Lingolsheim Tiergaertel in June 2008.
  • Line D: To Kehlmarker in Germany (planned).
  • Line F : A new tram-train line. The tram portion will open in 2009, with only 1.5 km of new track and 3 new stations. It will go from Place de la Gare (new station) to Homme de Fer and then either Boecklin (Robertsau) - the terminus of Line E and Vauban (Esplanade), a new station. It will then be extended to Gresswillermarker and Barrmarker on train tracks in 2010-2011.


References

  1. Zur Geschichte der Straßenbahn: Groneck, Straßenbahnen, S. 66 und Eckehard Frenz: Das Stadtbahn-Projekt von Strasbourg. In: Der Stadtverkehr 4/1980, S. 155-158.


External links




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message