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Transperth is the brand name of the public transport system in Perth, Western Australiamarker. It is operated by the Public Transport Authority.

History

1970s bus with livery of the time


The Transperth brand was launched in 1986 as part of a series of reforms integrating Perth's public bus, ferry and rail services. Initially Transperth services were coordinated by the Metropolitan Transport Trust (MTT), with MTT operating bus and ferry services itself and coordinating rail services operated by Western Australian Government Railways (WAGR) under the Westrail brand. In 1993 control of Transperth was transferred to the Department of Transport.

Between 1994 and 1998 Transperth began contracting out its bus, ferry and customer service operations. Buses and ferries are now publicly owned but privately operated. On 1 July 2003 Transperth was again transferred, along with WAGR's passenger transport operations, to the newly formed Public Transport Authority.

Services

Transperth offers bus, train and ferry services which currently serve the Perth metropolitan area from the Perth City, east to Wundowiemarker, west to Fremantlemarker, south to Mandurahmarker and north to Two Rocks. These suburbs are divided into nine fare-zones according to distance from the city centre.

Train



Transperth Trains operates Perth's suburban rail services. The system consists of 70 stations on six narrow-gauge lines, running to Midland, Armadale, Fremantle, Clarkson (terminus of the Joondalup line) and Mandurah. Trains to Thornliemarker run via a spur off the Armadale Line.

Services operate from 5:00am until midnight (until 2:00am on Saturday and Sunday mornings) with a minimum frequency of 4–15 minutes until 7:30pm and 30 minutes until midnight, 15 minutes weekday and weekend (including public holidays). Post midnight services on Saturday and Sunday mornings operate on one-hour frequency. In 2005 the network accommodated 32.652 million passenger boardings.

The network has been served exclusively by electric multiple unit railcars since it was electrified in the 1990s. Before that time diesel locomotive-hauled trains and diesel multiple units were used.

Buses

One of the new fully-accessible buses in use by Transperth.


Unlike the Perth suburban train services, the bus services in Perth are operated by three companies, which are contracted with the Public Transport Authority, Government of Western Australia, under the Transperth brand name. This arrangement has been in place since 1996.

Transperth oversees and regulates a bus service throughout the Perth metropolitan area and some fringe rural areas. Transperth buses are privately operated, but publicly owned.[5] Routes follow two basic formats: feeder services between residential suburbs and bus stations or bus\train interchanges, and routes directly to the CBD. There are also some cross-suburban services, most notably the CircleRoute. Additional services are provided for schools and special events. Transperth's most frequent bus routes run from 5am to midnight with services generally every 4–15 minutes on weekdays and every 30 minutes on evenings and weekends. Most other local routes run every 10 – 60 minutes, with reduced service on evenings and weekends. Services to and from railway stations are normally co-ordinated to connect with every, every second or every fourth train.

Transperth is currently purchasing Mercedes-Benz OC500LE compressed natural gas-fuelled buses. They comply with the Euro 4 emission standard and operate on locally-produced Western Australian natural gas.[6]

Special Services

CircleRoute: The CircleRoute is a cross suburban route that links numerous railway stations, shopping centres, universities, schools and the port town of Fremantle. Services run 5-15 minutes weekdays and 10-30 minutes weekends and public holidays.

CAT: Transperth operates CAT (central area transit) bus services around the Perth, Fremantle and Joondalup CBDs. Services run every 5 – 15 minutes on weekdays and every 15 – 30 minutes on weekends.

In Perth there are 3 routes:
  • Red CAT: Southern East Perth to West Perth route
  • Yellow CAT: Northern East Perth to West Perth route
  • Blue CAT: North to South


In Joondalup there are 2 routes:
  • Route 10: CBD loop (anticlockwise)
  • Route 11: CBD loop (clockwise)


And in Fremantle:
  • Orange CAT: Fremantle CBD loop.


NightRider: Transperth's late night bus service is NightRider, which leaves Fremantle Saturday nights hourly from 1-4am:

  • Route 697 to Como
  • Route 699 to Bullcreek


Airport services: Transperth operates a bus service to the airport:

  • Route 37 Kings Park to the Domestic Terminal


Transperth also operate school services and special event services.

Timetables

Timetables are colour coded: Northern timetables are green, Eastern timetables are red, South Eastern timetables are yellow, Southern timetables are orange, and Western timetables are blue. Timetables are numbered from 1 to 134, with gaps left at the end of each region for future expansion. Special services such as CAT buses are also colour coded, with Joondalup and Perth CAT timetables being grey, Fremantle CAT timetables orange, CircleRoute timetables pale blue/aqua, and Rockingham shuttles (Southern 127) orange with a dolphin on the front.

Ferries

Transperth operates a ferry service across the Swan Rivermarker between Barrack Street (Perth CBD) and the South Perth foreshore. Services departs twice an hour and every 15 minutes during peak. The ferry is popular with commuters and tourists who use it to get to the Perth Zoo. There are currently two Transperth ferries, the 'Shelley Taylor-Smith' and the 'M/V Phillip Pendal,' which was named in a competition.

Passenger information

TravelEasy

TravelEasy sends customers an email notification when there are disruptions and changes to their nominated services. The service was introduced in 2003. TravelEasy also provides a SmartRider link facility, allowing customers to check card balances and add value.

The TravelEasy service will only e-mail subscribers for major significant disruptions, which are planned ahead. General day-to-day disruptions (technical difficulties, overheating engines etc.) which may cause delays of up to two hours will not be notified to travellers.

Stop number SMS System

Introduced in June 2009, this system enables people to SMS the number of their stop to 136213 (Transperth InfoLine) and receive a message detailing the next avaialable services from that stop.

136213.MOBI

The 136213.MOBI service was launched at 10 June 2008. The service allows for public transport information, such as upcoming departures, service changes and SmartRider balances, to be obtained on a WAP-compatible mobile phone.

Ticketing

Old TVMs lineup at the East concourse, Perth railway station.


The methods and types of tickets used on the network continue to change with the progression of time and technology. Today, passengers on the network can either purchase a cash ticket from any ticket vending machine at a train stations, from a ferry wharf, or bus driver or use a re-loadable stored-value card known as SmartRider.

Fares are calculated on a zone-based system starting from 2-sections to 9 Zones and charged at either Standard or Concession rates. Concession rates are available to children under the age of 15 years, persons over the age of 60 possessing a Senior's Card, students of Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary schools possessing a SmartRider with valid concession status, and those in the receipt of various state and commonwealth pensions with acceptable proof of that status. DayRiders and FamilyRiders are also available. Passengers to some special events such as football matches can travel free with a valid ticket to the event.

Some additional fare classes exist within the system and include:

Fare type Details
Dayrider valid for all zones, all day (Only for purchase and use after 9am on weekdays
FamilyRider unlimited travel for 7 passengers (including 2 adults.) Available all day on weekends and public holidays, after 9am on school holidays, after 6pm Monday to Thursday (school days) and after 3pm Friday (school days)
Seniors SmartRider Available for seniors, valid for free travel on all days between 9am and 3.30pm, as well as weekends / Public Holidays and Senior's week. (replacing the Senior MultiRider)
Student SmartRider Available for primary and secondary school students only. (replacing the Student MultiRider)


Previous methods

In the early 1990s, the network changed over from the use of train conductors with old rotary paper ticketing units and installed self-service ticket vending machines supplied by the Switzerland-based company Ascom. The same rotary units in place on buses were replaced with technology supplied by the UK-based company Wayfarer Transit Systems.

Also at the same time, an upgraded version of the pre-encoded multi-trip ticket system MultiRider was introduced, also relying on technology from Wayfarer.

Changes

Two new TVMs at the East concourse, Perth railway station.
In March 2007, the Public Transport Authority commenced a trial of upgraded ticket vending machines installing two new units on the Eastern concourse at Perth Stationmarker and all Mandurah Line Train Stations.

These trial units are based on touch-screen technology, and provide an expanded number of options including being able to purchase multiple quantities of tickets at the same time, as well as optionally being able to pay using either notes or Electronic funds transfer from a cheque or savings account using a Debit card, dependent on these components being installed in the unit. These are now installed in all train stations in place of the older TVMs.

In 2007 the MultiRider ticketing system was replaced with the Smartrider ticketing system which uses contactless electronic ticketing system using smartcard technology for the process of charging patrons for public transport.

The SmartRider is a credit card-sized smartcard incorporating a microchip and internal aerial, allowing the smartcard to communicate with processors located on Transperth buses and ferries and at train stations. The microchip enables value to be loaded onto the card, as well as allowing the journey details to be recorded and the appropriate fare deducted from the stored value on the card.

Free Transit Zone

A feature of the network is an area in the central business district known as the Free Transit Zone (FTZ). Travel on buses and CAT buses within the FTZ zone is free for all passengers.

On the rail network, however, free travel within the zone is only available to passengers using a SmartRider card. This was not always the case, but is now required due to changes in station structures brought about by the implementation of the SmartRider ticketing system.

Proposals

A new 20 year rail expansion plan was released before the 2008 Western Australia state election by then-premier, Alan Carpenter. The plan includes a link to Ellenbrook via the Midland line, the extension of the Armadale Line to Byford, the extension of the Joondalup line to Yanchep, new stations on the Mandurah line, a spur rail to Perth Airportmarker, and new South West links, connecting other retail centres, hospitals, airports, universities and communities. The rough system map was to be released after the state election.

It has since been announced that the Joondalup Line will be extended from Clarkson to Butler by the end of 2014.

Operators



Bus

Train

Ferry

Call centre

See also



References

  1. 136213.MOBI by Transperth, accessed 2008-06-10
  2. Free Transit Zone Transperth website, accessed 2007-10-03


External links




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