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Travis County, Texas: Map


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Travis County is located in the U.S. state of Texasmarker. It is part of the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area. In the year 2008, the population was 998,543; the county has gained more than 400,000 residents since 1990. Its county seat is Austinmarker, the capital of Texas. The county is named in honor of William Barret Travis, the commander of the Republic of Texas forces at the Battle of the Alamomarker.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,022 square miles (2,647 km²). 989 square miles (2,562 km²) are land and 33 square miles (85 km²) (3.21%) are water.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area


As of the census of 2000, there were 812,280 people, 320,766 households, and 183,798 families residing in the county. The population density was 821 people per square mile (317/km²). There were 335,881 housing units at an average density of 340 per square mile (131/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.21% White, 9.26% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 4.47% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 14.56% other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 28.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.0% were of German, 7.7% English, 6.6% Irish and 5.5% Americanmarker ancestry according to Census 2000. English the sole language spoken at home by 71.42% of the population age 5 or over, while 22.35% speaks Spanish, and a Chinese language (including Mandarin, Taiwanese, and Cantonese) is spoken by 1.05% [13690].
Travis County Justice Center
Ned Granger Administration Building in Austin
A county complex at 1010 Lavaca Street
Health and Human Services and Veterans Services
The 2005 American Community Survey conducted by the census indicated that 25.1% of Travis County's population spoke Spanish in the home.In 2000 there were 320,766 households, of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.60% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.70% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were composed of individuals and 4.40% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15.

The population's age distribution was 23.80% under the age of 18, 14.70% from 18 to 24, 36.50% from 25 to 44, 18.20% from 45 to 64, and 6.70% age 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 104.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.50 males.

The median income per household in the county was $46,761, and the median income per family was $58,555. Males had a median income of $37,298 versus $30,452 for females. The per capita income in the county was $25,883. About 7.70% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

Travis County, along with other Texas counties, has one of the nation's highest property tax rates. In 2007, the county was ranked 37th in the nation for property taxes as percentage of the homes value on owner occupied housing. The list only includes counties with a population over 65,000 for accuracy. Travis County also ranked in the top 100 for amount of property taxes paid and for percentage of taxes of income. Part of this is due to the complex Robin Hood plan school financing law that exists in Texas.


Cities, towns, and villages

Herman Marion Sweatt Travis County Courthouse in Austin
(a growing portion of southern Round Rockmarker also extends into northern Travis county)
(a growing portion of Elginmarker extends into Travis County)

Census-designated places

Unincorporated areas


The Austin Zoomarker is located at 10807 Rawhide Trail in an unincorporated area.


The Travis County Jail and the Travis County Criminal Justice Center are located in Downtown Austin. The Travis County Correctional Complex is located in an unincorporated area in Travis County, next to Austin-Bergstrom International Airportmarker.

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Travis County Unit, a state jail for men, in eastern Austinmarker.


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