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Southern Dobrudja
The Treaty of Craiovamarker ( ; ) was signed on 7 September 1940 between the Kingdom of Bulgaria and the Kingdom of Romania. Under the terms of this treaty, Romania returned the southern part of Dobruja (the Cadrilater or "Quadrilateral" in Romanian) to Bulgaria and agreed to participate in the organization of a population exchange. The treaty was approved by Germanymarker, the United Kingdommarker, the Soviet Unionmarker, Italymarker, and Francemarker.

The 80,000 Romanian and Aromanian colonists were forced to abandon their houses in Southern Dobruja. Most of them had settled there since the end of the Second Balkan War in 1913 (see Treaty of Bucharest, 1913), when the territory was occupied by Romania. They resettled in the northern part, while 65,000 Bulgarians of the northern part had to leave their real estate and resettle in Bulgaria.

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