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The term treble or Treble is used in association football to refer to a team winning three trophies in a single season. Honours usually considered to constitute a treble are the top tier domestic league competition, domestic cup competitions, and continental tournaments. Trophies which consist of a single match or two-leg competition (e.g. the FA Community Shield and UEFA Super Cup) are generally not counted as part of a treble.

There are various ways of completing a treble - the more prestigious are sometimes referred to as the 'continental treble'. (top tier league, primary domestic cup and highest level continental competition) and the 'domestic treble' (league and two domestic cups).

Continental trebles

This kind of treble consists of a club winning their country's top tier league and major domestic cup competition (The Double), in addition to the continental championship, all within a single season. The achievement was first completed in 1967 by Celtic, winning the Scottish Premier League, Scottish Cup and European Cup, as well as the Scottish League Cup. Since then, four teams have matched the feat in Europe, while four African, two Asian and one North American club have also won the treble.

Raja Casablanca's 1999 season has also been called a "continental treble", as they won the CAF Champions League, the CAF Super Cup and the Afro-Asian Club Championship.

Egyptian club Al-Ahly are the only side to have won this kind of treble more than once, and they did so in consecutive seasons, completing the feat in 2005 and 2006. Of the European sides, AFC Ajax have come the closest to defending all three titles, retaining the Dutch Eredivisie and European Cup in 1973, but failing to win the KNVB Cup.

In winning the 2009 UEFA Champions League Final, Barcelona became the fifth club, and first Spanish club, to win a European treble, having already won the La Liga title and Copa del Rey in 2008-09.

Club Country Confederation Year Titles won
Celtic Scotlandmarker UEFA 1967 Scottish Football League, Scottish Cup, European Cup
Ajax Netherlandsmarker UEFA 1972 Dutch Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup
PSV Eindhoven Netherlandsmarker UEFA 1988 Dutch Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup
Manchester United Englandmarker UEFA 1999 English Premier League, FA Cup, UEFA Champions League
Barcelona Spainmarker UEFA 2009 La Liga, Copa del Rey, UEFA Champions League
Defence Force Trinidad and Tobagomarker CONCACAF 1985 TT Pro League, Trinidad and Tobago Cup, CONCACAF Champions Cup
Al-Sadd Qatarmarker AFC 1988 Qatari League, Emir of Qatar Cup, Asian Clubs Cup
Thai Farmers Bank Thailandmarker AFC 1995 Thai League, Queen's Cup, Asian Clubs Cup
Englebert Democratic Republic of the Congomarker CAF 1967 Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions
Vita Club Zairemarker CAF 1973 Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions
Hearts of Oak Ghanamarker CAF 2000 Ghana Premier League, Ghanaian FA Cup, CAF Champions League
Al-Ahly Egyptmarker CAF 2005 Egyptian League, Egyptian Soccer Cup, CAF Champions League
Al-Ahly Egyptmarker CAF 2006 Egyptian League, Egyptian Soccer Cup, CAF Champions League




Domestic trebles

This type of treble consists of a club winning their country's top tier league as well as the two most highly regarded domestic cup competitions, all during one season.
Club Country Number
won
Year(s) won Titles won
Rangers Scotlandmarker 7 1949, 1964, 1976, 1978,
1993, 1999, 2003
Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup
Celtic Scotlandmarker 3 1967, 1969, 2001 Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup
Bayern München Germanymarker 3 2000, 2005, 2008 Bundesliga, German Cup, DFB Ligapokal
Linfield Northern Irelandmarker 3 1994, 2006, 2008 Irish Premier League, Northern Irish Cup, Irish Football League Cup
Shamrock Rovers Republic of Irelandmarker 3 1925, 1932, 1964 League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield
South Chinamarker Hong Kongmarker 3 1988, 1991, 2007 Hong Kong League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup
Nissan Motors F.C. Japanmarker 2 1988, 1989 Japan Soccer League, Emperor's Cup, JSL Cup
Kedah Malaysiamarker 2 2007, 2008 Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup
Al-Sadd Qatarmarker 1 2007 Qatari League, Emir of Qatar Cup, Qatar Crown Prince Cup
Mitsubishi Motors F.C. Japanmarker 1 1978 Japan Soccer League, Emperor's Cup, JSL Cup
Bohemians Republic of Irelandmarker 1 1928 League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield
Brookhattan USAmarker 1 1945 American Soccer League, U.S. Open Cup, Lewis Cup
Cruzeiromarker Brazilmarker 1 2003 Campeonato Mineiro, Copa do Brasil, Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Derry City Republic of Irelandmarker 1 1989 League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Cup
Fall River Marksmen USAmarker 1 1930 American Soccer League, U.S. Open Cup, Lewis Cup
Melbourne Victory Australia 1 2008–09 A-League Challenge Cup, A-League Premiership, A-League Championship
Melbourne Knights Australia 1 1994-95 NSL Cup, NSL Minor Premiership, NSL Grand Final
Kashima Antlers Japanmarker 1 2000 J. League, Emperor's Cup, Yamazaki Nabisco Cup
Toronto Croatia Canadamarker 1 1971 NSL Cup, NSL Regular Season Champion, NSL Playoff Champion
Sun Hei Hong Kongmarker 1 2005 Hong Kong League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup


Other trebles

It is possible to win three different trophies in a single season due to the presence of lower level continental competitions such as the Europa League, lower level domestic competitions such as the English League Cup, and intercontinental competitions such as the FIFA Club World Cup and its predecessor.

Club Country Season won Titles won
IFK Göteborg 1981-82 Swedish Championship, Svenska Cupen, UEFA Cup
Liverpool 1983-84 Football League First Division, League Cup, European Cup
Galatasaray 1999-2000 Turkish Premier Super League, Turkish Football Cup, UEFA Cup
Liverpool 2000-01 FA Cup, League Cup, UEFA Cup
Bayern Munich 2000-01 Bundesliga, DFB-Ligapokal, UEFA Champions League
FC Porto 2002-03 Portuguese SuperLiga, Cup of Portugal, UEFA Cup
CSKA Moscow 2004-05 Russian Premier League, Russian Cup, UEFA Cup
C.F. Pachuca 2006-07 Copa Sudamericana, CONCACAF Champions' Cup, Mexican Clausura
Manchester United 2008-09 Premier League, League Cup, FIFA Club World Cup


Near trebles

There have been several instances of teams narrowly missing out on winning 3 trophies.

Key:
Competition winner
Competition runner-up


Near continental trebles

Club Country Year Results Notes
League Cup Continental
Real Madrid 1958 La Liga Copa del Rey European Cup Lost 2–0 to Athletic Bilbao in the Copa del Rey Final
Real Madrid 1960 La Liga Copa del Rey European Cup Finished as runner up in both La Liga and Copa del Rey
Real Madrid 1962 La Liga Copa del Rey European Cup Finished as runner up in European Cup
Benfica 1965 Portuguese League Cup of Portugal European Cup Finished as runner up in both Cup of Portugal Final and European Cup
Inter 1965 Serie A Coppa Italia European Cup Lost 1–0 to Juventus in the Coppa Italia Final
Celtic 1970 Scottish Premier League Scottish Cup European Cup Lost 3–1 to Aberdeenmarker in the Scottish Cup Final
Lost 2-1 in extra time to Feyenoord in the European Cup Final
Juventus 1973 Serie A Coppa Italia European Cup Finished as runner up in both Coppa Italia and European Cup
Liverpool 1977 English First Division FA Cup European Cup Lost to Manchester United 1–2 in the FA Cup Final
Juventus 1983 Serie A Coppa Italia European Cup Finished as runner up in both Serie A and European Cup
Steaua Bucureşti 1986 Romanian league Romanian cup European Cup Lost to eternal rival Dinamo Bucureşti 1–0 in the Romanian Cup Final
Barcelona 1986 La Liga Copa del Rey European Cup Lost Spanish Cup Final to Real Zaragoza
Finished second to Real Madrid in the Spanish Football League
Lost European Cup Final to Steaua Bucharest on penalties

Milan 1990 Serie A Coppa Italia European Cup Finished as runner up in both Coppa Italia and Serie A
Olympique Marseille 1991 Ligue 1 Coupe de France European Cup Lost the European Cup Final to Red Star Belgrade on penalties
Lost the Coupe de France Final 1-0 to Monaco
Red Star Belgrade 1991 Yugoslav First League Yugoslav Cup European Cup Lost 1–0 to Hajduk Split in the Yugoslav Cup Final
Bayern Munich 1999 Bundesliga German Cup UEFA Champions League Lost the 1999 UEFA Champions League Final to Manchester United
Lost the 1999 German Cup Final to Werder Bremen on penalties
Bayer Leverkusen 2002 Bundesliga German Cup UEFA Champions League Lost the 2002 UEFA Champions League Final 2-1 to Real Madrid
Lost the 2002 German Cup Final to Schalke 04 on penalties
Finished runner-up in the 2001-02 Bundesliga to Borussia Dortmund.

Porto 2004 Portuguese League Cup of Portugal UEFA Champions League Lost to Benfica in the Cup of Portugal Final
Adelaide United 2009 A-League Premiership A-League Championship AFC Champions League Finished runner-up in the 2008-09 A-League to Melbourne Victory by Goals ForLost the 2008-09 A-League Championship to Melbourne Victory 1-0Lost the 2008 AFC Champions League Final to Gamba Osaka
  • Celtic also won the Scottish League Cup that year.
  • Milan's European Cup victory was the last time the competition was successfully defended.
  • Bayern Munich also won the German League Cup that year.
  • Bayer Leverkusen are the only European team to end a season as league runners-up and finalists of the domestic cup and the UEFA Champions League, but finish with no honours.


Near domestic trebles

Club Country Year Results Notes
League Cup League Cup
Real Madrid 1983 La Liga Copa del Rey Copa de la Liga
Barcelona 1986 La Liga Copa del Rey Copa de la Liga Lost Spanish Cup Final to Real Zaragoza
Finished second to Real Madrid in the Spanish Football League
Aberdeen 1990 Scottish Football League Scottish Cup Scottish League Cup Finished second to Rangers in the Scottish Football League
Manchester United 1994 Premier League FA Cup Football League Cup Lost 3–1 to Aston Villa in the League Cup Final
Rangers 1994 Scottish Premier League Scottish Cup Scottish League Cup Lost 1-0 to Dundee United in the Scottish Cup Final
Corinthians 2002 Torneio Rio-São Paulo Copa do Brasil Campeonato Brasileiro Lost to Santos FC in the final of Campeonato Brasileiro
Derry City 2006 League of Ireland FAI Cup League of Ireland Cup Lost the League of Ireland on goal difference on the last day
of the season
Chelsea 2007 Premier League FA Cup Football League Cup Finished second to Manchester United in the Premier League
Central United 2001 New Zealand National Soccer League Northern Division Champion Chatham Cup Lost in the Final of the Chatham Cup on penalties 5-4 to the University - Mt Wellington
Rangers 2008 Scottish Premier League Scottish Cup Scottish League Cup Finished second to Celtic in the Scottish Premier League
Rangers 2009 Scottish Premier League Scottish Cup Scottish League Cup Lost 2-0 after extra time to Celtic in the Scottish League Cup Final.
  • This also meant that Rangers missed out on back-to-back domestic trebles, having already completed a domestic treble in 1993.
  • Rangers also lost 2–0 to Zenit St. Petersburg in the UEFA Cup Final that season.


Other near trebles

Club Country Year Results Notes
Honour 1 Honour 2 Honour 3
Aberdeen 1983 Scottish Football League Scottish Cup UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Finished third in the Scottish Football League
Real Madrid 1983 La Liga Copa del Rey UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Everton 1985 English First Division FA Cup UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Lost 1–0 to Manchester United in the FA Cup Final
Juventus 1995 Serie A Coppa Italia UEFA Cup Lost to Parma F.C. in the UEFA Cup Final.
Barcelona 1997 La Liga Copa del Rey UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Finished second to Real Madrid in the Spanish Football League.
Internacional 2006 Campeonato Brasileiro Campeonato Gaúcho Copa Libertadores Finished second in both the Campeonato Brasileiro and Campeonato Gaúcho
Sevilla 2007 La Liga Copa del Rey UEFA Cup Lost La Liga on the final day of the season, finishing 3rd.
Chelsea 2008 Premier League League Cup Champions League Lost Carling Cup Final to Tottenham Hotspur after extra time
Lost Premier League to Manchester United on the final day of the season, finishing 2nd
Lost Champions League Final to Manchester United on penalties

Manchester United 2009 Premier League Carling Cup Champions League Lost 2–0 to FC Barcelona in the Champions League Final.


See also



Notes

  • Note how the following source does not count Santos' league/continental double and Intercontinental Cup win as a treble. Similarly, the Community Shield and the European Super Cup are separated from Liverpool's 2001 treble.


References

  1. Raja aiming high once more. FIFA (2008-06-04). Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
  2. Raja aiming high once more. FIFA (2008-06-04). Retrieved on 2009-06-23 - 'continental treble' mentioned in this article.
  3. Spiers, Graham (2008-01-30). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/sport/football/scotland/article3274019.ece Walter Smith demands final push as Rangers target domestic treble]. The Times. Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
  4. Ralston, Gary (2008-09-26). Domestic treble for Rangers will make up for failure in Europe, says Pedro Mendes. Daily Record. Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
  5. http://www.fifa.com/classicfootball/news/newsid=792626.html
  6. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/europe/8054011.stm
  7. Records and Honours. Rangers Official club website. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  8. Celtic Honours. Celtic Official club website. Retrieved on 2009-05-18.
  9. Germany Enter Euro 2008 Campaign With Confidence. Deutsche Welle (2008-08-06). Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  10. Roll of Honour. Shamrock Rovers FC. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  11. Al-Sadd Trophies and awards
  12. Role of Honour. Bohemian Football Club. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  13. Relação Dos Títulos Oficiais Do Cruzeiro (Portuguese)
  14. Derry City FC - A Concise History. Derry City Football Club Website (2009-02-08). Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  15. Litterer, Dave (2008-02-17). The Year in American Soccer - 1930. The USA Soccer History Archives. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  16. Lynch, Michael (2007-02-17). Amazing Archie's Victory march. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  17. The Dynasty Begins
  18. Croatian National Sports Club history at a glance
  19. Top ten successful seasons. Sky Sports (2009-03-24). Retrieved on 2009-03-28.


External links




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