) is a structure
consisting of two large vertical stones (posts) supporting a third
stone set horizontally across the top (lintel). Commonly used in
the context of megalithic
famous trilithons are those of Stonehenge in England and those
found in the Megalithic
temples of Malta, which are a
UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The word trilithon
is derived from the Greek
"having three stones" (τρι- -
"three", λίθος - lithos'
"stone") and was first
used by William Stukeley
also describes the groups of three stones in the Hunebed tombs of the Netherlands and the three massive stones forming part of the
wall of the Roman Temple of Jupiter at Baalbek,
Lebanon. Far from Europe and the
Middle East, another famous trilithon is
the Haʻamonga ʻa
Maui in Tonga, Polynesia.
trilithon stones of Baalbek weigh over
1000 tons, the largest of which weighs 1200 tons, making it the
largest stone ever quarried by man.