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Tring is a small market town in the Chiltern Hillsmarker in Hertfordshiremarker, Englandmarker. Situated north-west of Londonmarker and linked to London by the old Roman road of Akeman Street, by the modern A41, by the Grand Union Canalmarker and by rail lines to Euston Station, Tring is now largely a commuter town in the London commuter belt.

Geography

Tring is positioned at a low point in the Chiltern Hills, known as the Tring Gap, which has been used as a crossing point since ancient times, being at the junction of the Icknield Waymarker and more recently Akeman Street, the major Roman road linking Londonmarker to Cirencestermarker. It is located at the summit level of the Grand Union Canal and both the canal and railway pass through in deep cuttings. Tring railway cutting is long and an average of deep and is celebrated in a series of coloured lithographs by John Cooke Bourne showing its construction in the 1830s.

The four Tring reservoirs – Wilstone, Tringford, Startops End, and Marsworth – were built to supply water for the canal. These have been a national nature reserve since 1955, and a Site of Special Scientific Interest since 1987. Nearby, within the Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty that almost surrounds the town, is the Ashridge Estatemarker, part of the National Trust and home to Ashridge Business Schoolmarker.

Tring railway stationmarker is about two miles from the town. The town's bypass from 1973 until 1987 was the former A41(M) motorway now down graded to be part of the A41 trunk road.

Climate

Tring experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) similar to almost all of the United Kingdom.

History

The Manor of Tring is described in the Domesday survey of 1086. In 1682 the Mansion designed by Christopher Wren was built for the owner Colonel Guy. A later tenant was Lawrence Washington, great-grandfather of George Washington, first President of the USA. In the late 19th century the estate became the home of the Rothschild family, whose influence on the town was considerable.

Nathan Mayer Rothschild's son Lionel Walter Rothschild (2nd Lord Rothschild) built a private zoological museum in Tring which, as The Walter Rothschild Zoological Museummarker, has been part of the Natural History Museummarker since 1937. In April 2007 the museum changed its name to the Natural History Museum at Tring in order to make people more aware of the museum's link to London's Natural History Museum.

The 2nd Lord Rothschild also released the edible dormouse into Tring Park. He used to ride around the town in a zebra-drawn carriage and the town's symbol has been the head of a zebra ever since.

Gerald Massey – poet, literary critic, Egyptologist and Spiritualist – was born nearby at Gamnel Wharf, New Mill, on the Wendovermarker Branch of the Grand Union Canal. Goldfield Mill is a converted windmill in Tring.

The former livestock market in Tring, redeveloped in 2005, was believed to be the last remaining example of its type in the UK . It is now the home of weekly Friday Market and monthly Saturday farmers Market. Some of the former livestock pens have been retained.
View over Tring, looking north
Tring Park


In 2008 Tring became a Transition Town with the support of Tring Town Council

Sport

Tring Sports Centre is in the grounds of Tring Schoolmarker.

Tring is the former home town of Premiership referee and 2003 FA Cup Final referee Graham Barber, now retired in Spain. It is also home to the retired FA and World Cup referee Graham Poll.

Tring is home to two football clubs, Tring Athleticmarker and Tring Corinthians, both of which play in the Spartan South Midlands Football League, and to a youth football club, Tring Tornadoes, which field sides for boys and girls up to 16. It is also home to a rugby club, Tring Rugby Union Football Club, which won promotion to London Division One in 2008, and Tring Park Cricket Club, in the Home Counties Premier League.

Local economy

There is a Tescomarker on London Road, a Co-op on Silk Mill Way and a Marks & Spencer food store in Dolphin Square that opened on 9 October 2007.

Tring brewery has been operating in Tring since 1992.

Heygates Mill is a flour mill. Originally it was a windmill and the company was run by William Mead. The windmill was demolished in 1910 to make way for a wheat storage silo. In those days, Mead lived on site, in a house next to the yard, and owned half the area taken by the mill of today. The remaining space was occupied by boat-builders, Bushell Brothers, who built narrowboats.

The Heygate family took over Mead’s business in 1945, and today mills 100,000 tons of wheat a year, resulting in 76,000 tons of flour. This is mainly bakers' flour, but there is also a commitment to wholemeal digestive for biscuits, bulk outlets, and a large output of 1.5 kg bags from the pre-packed flour plant.

As in the days of Tring windmill, only two men operate the system - but in those days they milled half a ton per hour, and now, with a computerised installation, more than 12 tons an hour are produced.

Heygate’s Tring mill has 80 employees, and 16 trucks delivering throughout the south of England.

Education

Tring Schoolmarker is a state secondary school with approximately 1,500 pupils (ages 11–18). It is located on Mortimer Hill on the east side of the town. It is now designated a Specialist Humanities College with History, Geography and English as its lead subjects.

Tring Park School for the Performing Artsmarker (formerly known as the Arts Educational School, Tring Park) is an independent specialist performing arts and academic school. It is located in Tring Mansion, Tring Parkmarker.

Tring has four state junior schools, Bishop Wood CE Junior School, Dundale Primary and Nursery School, Goldfield Infants and Nursery School and Grove Road Primary Schoolmarker.

Tring has a Youth Club - The Tring Youth Project- for those between 11 and 18 at the Temperance Hall in Christchurch Road

Gallery

Image:MG 5184.jpg| Tring High StreetImage:Tringchurch00106.jpg| The Church of St Peter and St PaulImage:Tres00303.jpg| The Tring Reservoirs at sunsetImage:Zoological Museum sign.jpg|Sign to the Zoological Museum

References



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