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Trinity County is a large, rugged and mountainous, heavily forested county located in the northwestern portion of the U.S. state of Californiamarker, along the Trinity River and within the Salmon/Klamath Mountains. It covers an area of over two million acres, and as of 2000 its population was 13,022. The county seat and largest town is Weavervillemarker, with a population of approximately 3500 people.

Trinity County has no traffic lights, freeways, parking meters, or incorporated cities. Trinity County did not have a chain store or restaurant until 1999, when Burger King, Movie Gallery, Longs Drugs (now CVS/pharmacy), and Subway opened for business.

Weaverville, the county seat, has the distinction of housing some of California's oldest buildings. The courthouse, built in 1856, is the second oldest in the state, and the Weaverville Drug Store has been filling prescriptions since 1852. The Joss House is a locally famous Taoist temple built in 1873.

History

The county takes its name from the Trinity River, named in 1845 by Major Pierson B. Reading, who was under the mistaken impression that the river emptied into Trinidad Bay. Trinity is the English version of Trinidad.

Trinity County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county were given to Klamath County in 1852 and to Humboldt County in 1853.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,208 square miles (8,307 km²), of which, 3,179 square miles (8,233 km²) of it is land and 29 square miles (75 km²) of it (0.90%) is water. The county contains a significant portion of Shasta-Trinity National Forestmarker, home to the Trinity Alpsmarker. The county hosts many visitors, especially during summer months, for camping, backpacking, and fishing. The summers tend to be clear, sunny, warm, and very dry, with little rain from June to September except for some mountain thunderstorms in the highest elevations. The winters tend to have copious precipitation, falling mostly as rain under 1000m/3300 ft in the valley bottoms, and mostly as snow over 1000m/3300ft on the mountainsides. December, January, and February are the wettest. There is an extensive wild river & stream system, and the terrain is quite rugged & forested, with the highest points at around The Klamath Mountains occupy the vast portion of the county.

Cities and towns

Trinity County has no incorporated cities.

CDPs

Unincorporated Communities

Adjacent counties



National protected areas



Transportation Infrastructure

Major highways



Public Transportation

Trinity Transit provides bus service on State Routes 3 and 299, serving Hayfork, Douglas City and Weaverville.

Airports

The county owns five general aviation airports: Trinity Center Airportmarker, Weaverville Airportmarker, Hayfork Airportmarker, Hyampom Airportmarker and Ruth Airportmarker.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,022 people, 5,587 households, and 3,625 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 7,980 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.87% White, 0.45% Black or African American, 4.85% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 4.38% from two or more races. 3.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.1% were of German, 13.4% English, 12.1% Irish and 9.5% Americanmarker ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.3% spoke English and 1.8% Spanish as their first language.

There were 5,587 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 104.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.6 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,711, and the median income for a family was $34,343. Males had a median income of $31,131 versus $24,271 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,868. About 14.1% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential election results
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 46.2% 2,904 50.9% 3,197 2.9% 181
2004 54.7% 3,560 42.7% 2,782 2.6% 171
2000 57.6% 3,340 33.3% 1,932 9.1% 525
1996 42.9% 2,530 37.4% 2,203 19.7% 1,160
1992 31.3% 1,886 32.6% 1,967 36.1% 2,176
1988 54.6% 3,267 42.1% 2,518 3.3% 195
1984 59.7% 3,544 37.4% 2,218 2.9% 173
1980 55.0% 3,048 31.3% 1,734 13.8% 764
1976 45.7% 1,989 49.9% 2,172 4.5% 195
1972 50.8% 1,868 44.0% 1,621 5.2% 192
1968 43.1% 1,426 43.3% 1,433 13.5% 448
1964 36.4% 1,252 63.3% 2,175 0.4% 12
1960 38.4% 1,418 61.2% 2,262 0.5% 18


Trinity is a Republican-leaning county in Presidential and congressional elections. Before 2008, the last Democrat to win in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976. It was the only county in California to vote for independent candidate Ross Perot in 1992. However, in 2008, Democrat Barack Obama defeated Republican candidate John McCain 51% to 46%.

Trinity is part of California's 2nd congressional district, which is held by Republican Wally Herger. In the state legislature Trinity is in the 1st Assembly district, which is held by Democrat Wes Chesbro, and the 4th Senate district, which is held by Republican Sam Aanestad.

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