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The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (although sometimes shortened to Triple Crown, the full name is used to avoid possible confusion with other sports) consists of three races for three-year-old Thoroughbred horses. Winning all three of these Thoroughbred horse races is considered the greatest accomplishment of a Thoroughbred racehorse. In recent years, the Triple Crown has become a very rare achievement, with most horses specializing on a limited range of distances.

United States

Three horses to win a race in the 1970s were The Sir Kipp, The Ma'am Jenny, and Big Ronny Wilson.

In the United States, the three races that compose the Triple Crown are as follows:

No horse has won the U.S. Triple Crown since Affirmed in 1978.

There is also the Triple Tiara (formerly known as the Filly Triple Crown, and the three races are as follows:

The Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing, formerly known as the Filly Triple Crown, is a set of horse races in the United States which is open to three year old fillies. The three races that compose the series are The Acorn Stakes, run at Belmont Park at a distance of 1 mile, The Mother Goose Stakes, run at Belmont Park at a distance of 1 1/8 miles and The Coaching Club American Oaks, also run at Belmont Park at a distance of 1 1/4 miles (it used to be 1 1/2 miles). In 2003, the Triple Tiara was reconfigured to consist of the Mother Goose Stakes, Coaching Club American Oaks, and the Alabama Stakes, a 1 1/4 mile race held in August at Saratoga Race Course in Saratoga Springs, New York. The New York Racing Association, the operator of Belmont Park and Saratoga Race Course, once offered a $2 million bonus to the filly that swept the three races. The bonus was discontinued in 2005. In 2007 the New York Racing Association reverted back to the original three races of the tiara; the Acorn, Mother Goose and Coaching Club American Oaks. No filly swept the reconfigured series.

Thus far, only eight horses have won the Triple Tiara:

Dark Mirage (1968)

Shuvee (1969)

Chris Evert (1974)

Ruffian (1975)

Davona Dale (1979)

Mom's Command (1985)

Open Mind (1989)

Sky Beauty (1993)

No filly won the reconfigured Triple Tiara between 2003-2006

(This update is a cross post from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triple_Tiara_of_Thoroughbred_Racing)

United Kingdom

In England, where the term Triple Crown originated with West Australian's three wins in 1853, it is made up of:

  1. the 2,000 Guineas Stakes, run over 1 mile (1,609 meters) at Newmarket Racecoursemarker in Newmarketmarker, Suffolk;
  2. the Epsom Derby, run over 1 mile 4 furlongs and 10 yards (2,423 meters) at Epsom Downs Racecoursemarker in Epsommarker, Surreymarker;
  3. the St. Leger Stakes, run over 1 mile, 6 furlongs and 132 yards (2,937 meters) at Town Moormarker in Doncastermarker, Yorkshiremarker.


There is also a Fillies Triple Crown for a filly winning the 1,000 Guineas Stakes, Epsom Oaks and St. Leger Stakes. The last winner of this was Oh So Sharp in 1985. In the past this was not considered a true Triple Crown as the best fillies would run in the Derby and Two Thousand Guineas. As this is no longer the case, the Fillies' Triple Crown would now be considered as comparable as the original.

In the 150 years that these races have been run, only fifteen horses have ever won the English Triple Crown, including the great Nijinsky II in 1970. Nijinsky II was only the second winner of the English Triple Crown since the end of World War I. For many years, it was considered unlikely that any horse would ever win the English Triple Crown again. In the winter of 2006/2007, however, trainer Jim Bolger was training his unbeaten colt Teofilo for the Triple Crown. and bookmaker William Hill plc was offering odds of only 12/1 against Teofilo winning the 2007 Triple Crown. However, the horse was withdrawn from the 2000 Guineas two days before the race after suffering a setback.

Since Nijinsky, only Nashwan in 1989 and Sea the Stars in 2009 have won both the Guineas and the Derby, and in addition, no Derby winner (including both Nashwan and Sea the Stars) has even entered the St. Leger since Reference Point in 1987, although this is primarily due to the impact it would have on a horse's stud value, which would not be the case for a horse who had already won the Guineas.

For a list of the annual individual race winners, see English Triple Crown race winners.

Triple Crown Champions:
Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner
1853 West Australian Frank Butler John Scott John Bowes
1865 Gladiateur Harry Grimshaw Tom Jennings, Sr. Frédéric de Lagrange
1866 Lord Lyon Harry Custance James Dover Richard Sutton
1886 Ormonde Fred Archer John Porter Duke of Westminster
1891 Common George Barrett John Porter Sir Frederick Johnstone
1893 Isinglass Tommy Loates James Jewitt Harry McCalmont
1897 Galtee More Charlie Wood Sam Darling John Gubbins
1899 Flying Fox Morny Cannon John Porter Duke of Westminster
1900 Diamond Jubilee Herbert Jones Richard Marsh Edward, Prince of Wales
1903 Rock Sand Danny Maher George Blackwell Sir James Miller
1915 Pommern Steve Donoghue Charles Peck Solly Joel
1917 Gay Crusader Steve Donoghue Alec Taylor, Jr. Alfred W. Cox
1918 Gainsborough Joseph Childs Alec Taylor, Jr. Lady James Douglas
1935 Bahram Freddie Fox Frank Butters HH Aga Khan III
1970 Nijinsky Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Charles W. Engelhard, Jr.


Ireland

In Ireland, the Triple Crown, modelled on the English equivalent, is made up of
  1. the Irish 2,000 Guineas;
  2. the Irish Derby; and
  3. the Irish St. Leger, (open to older horses)
all run at the Curraghmarker.

Only two horses have won all three races since the Irish Two Thousand Guineas was first run in 1921: Museum in 1935 and Windsor Slipper in 1942 (Williams & Hyland 1980). Desert King won the first two legs in 1997, but was perceived to have stamina limitations and not aimed at the St. Leger. Ironically, he went on to sire a great stayer in Makybe Diva, three times winner of the Melbourne Cupmarker over .

Australia

The first race of the three year old Triple Crown initially consisted of the Canterbury Guineas (1,900 m) but nowadays the first leg is:

Imagele, Martello Towers, Moorland and Octagonal are Triple Crown winners.

The Two Year Old Triple Crown consists of the Golden Slipper Stakes (1,200 m), AJC Sires Produce Stakes and the Champagne Stakes (1,600 m).

Only five horses have won the Australian Two Year Old Triple Crown:
  • 1970 Baguette
  • 1977 Luskin Star
  • 1991 Tierce
  • 1992 Burst
  • 2004 Dance Hero


Germany

In Germany, the Triple Crown (Dreifache Krone) consists of
  1. Mehl-Mülhens-Rennen, German 2000 Guineas (formerly Henckel-Rennen), Cologne, 1600 m
  2. Deutsches Derby, Hamburg, 2400 m
  3. Deutsches St. Leger, Dortmund, 2800 m


Only one horse has won the German Triple Crown, Königsstuhl in 1979. As the St. Leger has been demoted to Group III status, it's highly unlikely he will ever have a successor.

Canada

See main article: Canadian Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing

Japan

Japan has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns.

Japanese Triple Crown
  1. the Satsuki Sho (Japanese 2000 Guineas), at Nakayama Racecoursemarker in Funabashi, Chiba
  2. the Tokyo Yushun (Japanese Derby), at Tokyo Racecoursemarker in Fuchu, Tokyo
  3. the Kikuka Sho (Japanese St.Leger), at Kyoto Racecoursemarker in Kyoto, Kyoto


Only six horses have received the Japanese Triple Crown:

Japanese Fillies' Triple Crown
  1. the Oka Sho (Japanese 1000 Guineas), at Hanshin Racecoursemarker in Takarazuka, Hyogo
  2. the Yushun Himba (Japanese Oaks), at Tokyo Racecourse in Fuchu, Tokyo
  3. the Shuka Sho (since 1996), at Kyoto Racecourse in Kyoto, Kyoto / the Queen Elizabeth II Commemorative Cup (1976 - 1995)


Only two horses have received the Japanese Fillies' Triple Crown:
  • 1986 Mejiro Ramonu (Mogami - Mejiro Hiryu, by Never Beat)
  • 2003 Still in Love (Sunday Silence - Bradamante, by Roberto)


Hong Kong

The Triple Crown series at Hong Kong'smarker Sha Tin Racecoursemarker consists of three races at increasingly longer distances. They are:
  1. Hong Kong Steward's Cup at held in January
  2. Hong Kong Gold Cup at held in February
  3. Hong Kong Champions & Chater Cup at held in May


In 1994, River Verdon became the first, and to date, only horse to win the Hong Kong Triple Crown.

Macau

In Macau, Macau Jockey Club introduced the Triple Crown Series in 2008, with three race all held in Taipa Racecourse, Macau
  1. Director's Cup, Macau Group 2 Race,
  2. Macau Cup ,Macau Group 2 Race ,
  3. Macau Gold Cup, Macau Group 1 Race,


In 2009 Macau Jockey Club changed the series for 4-year old horses
  1. Macau Guineas, Macau Group 1 Race, , only for 4-year old horses
  2. Macau Derby ,Macau Group 1 Race, , only for 4-year old horses
  3. Macau Gold Cup, Macau Group 1 Race,


Chile



Puerto Rico

The Triple Crown series at Puerto Rico's Camarero Racetrack consists of three races at increasingly longer distances. They are:
  • Derby Puertorriqueño at 1,700 meters (8.5F) held in the first Sunday of May
  • Copa Gobernador at 1,800 meters (9F) held in the end of May
  • Copa San Juan at 1,900 meters (9.5F) held in the last Sunday of June


Puerto Rico Triple Crown Winners.

Camarero (1954),Cardiólogo (1961),El Rebelde (1966),Hurly Road (1981),Vuelve Candy B. (1991),Cherokee Pepper (1999),Estrellero (2001),Mediavilla R. (2002).

Uruguay



This combination of races received some publicity outside of Uruguay in 2006. The 2005 Triple Crown winner Invasor, after being sold to Sheik Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum's Shadwell Racing and sent to be raced in the United States, went on to win three Grade I races in 2006 before winning that year's Breeders' Cup Classic. He finished the year as the top-ranked horse in the 2006 World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings, and won the 2007 Dubai World Cup before being retired to stud following a training injury.

Ecuador

1980 - present
Ecuador has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns:

Ecuador Triple Crown
  1. Clásico Estreno Dr. Raúl Lebed Sigall, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondónmarker;
  2. Clásico Polla Nacional Sr. Agustin Febres Cordero, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondónmarker;
  3. Clásico Derby Nacional Sr.Benjamin Rosales A., at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondónmarker;


Ecuador Fillies' Triple Crown
  1. Clásico Ing. Carlos San Andres, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondónmarker;
  2. Clásico Sr. Eduardo Jairala F, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondónmarker;
  3. Clásico Abogado Carlos Julio Arosemena Peet, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondónmarker;


Pre-1980
In Ecuador, the Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Clásico Nelson Uraga Suarez, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquilmarker;
  2. Clásico Enrique Guzman Aspiazu, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquilmarker;
  3. Clásico Inginiero Ignacio De Icaza Aspiazu, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquilmarker.


Triple Crown Champions:

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner
Miss Florida
Bananita
Capo Di Monte II
1967 Alcatraz Estuardo Torero Alcides Guerrero Inginiero Miguel Salem Dibo
Pechiche
1971 Farsante Estuardo Torero Alcides Guerrero Inginiero Miguel Salem Dibo


Venezuela

Venezuelamarker has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns:
  • Venezuelan Official Triple Crown
    • Clásico José Antonio Páez, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
    • Clásico Cría Nacional (former Clásico Ministerio de Agricultura y Cría), at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracasmarker;
    • Clásico República de Venezuela (Venezuelan Derby), at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
  • Venezuelan Fillies' Triple Crown
    • Clásico Hipódromo La Rinconada, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
    • Clásico Prensa Hípica Nacional, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
    • Clásico General Joaquín Crespo, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;


Venezuelan Official Triple Crown Champions: (From 1956)
Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner
1960 Gradisco Manuel Camacaro Leopoldo Márquez Stud Rey-Gan
1972 El Corsario José Luís Vargas Eduardo Azpúrua Stud El Corsario
1985 Iraquí Juan Vicente Tovar (+) Daniel Pérez Stud Chivacoa
1992 Catire Bello Douglas Valiente (+) Iván Calixto Stud Ilusión
2005 Polo Grounds Emisael Jaramillo Carlos Regalado Stud Black Label
2007 Taconeo Emisael Jaramillo Gustavo Delgado Stud Paula C


References

  1. http://midas.picdar.co.uk/cgi-bin/RP?MatchIndex=20&urn=719112136&Random=-1364681031&FFAC=WM0000025265&searchid=1



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