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A view from the South East of Troll A Platform.
The Troll A platform is a condeep offshore natural gas platform in the Troll gas fieldmarker. It is the tallest construction that has ever been moved to another position, relative to the surface of the Earth, and is among the largest and most complex engineering projects in history. The platform was a televised sensation when it was towed into the North Seamarker in 1996, where it is now operated by StatoilHydromarker.

Dimensions



The Troll A platform has an overall height of 472 metres and weighs 656,000 tons and has the distinction of being the tallest structure ever moved by mankind. The platform stands on the sea floor 303 metres (994 feet) below the surface of the sea and each of the continuous-slip-formed
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National Geographic Channel production, documentary 2007(?), rebroadcast 2009-10-02, 12-13:00 hrs EDST (Comcast Cable Television system)Slip forming) and each is mathematically a joined composite of several conical cylinders that flares out smoothly to greater diameters at both the top and bottom, so each support is somewhat wasp-waisted viewed in profile and circular in any cross-section (see picture at right). The concrete legs must be able to withstand intense pressure so are built using a continuous flow of concrete, a lengthy process that takes 20 minutes per 5cm laid.

The four legs are joined by a "Chord shortener", a reinforced concrete box interconnecting the legs, but which has the designed function of damping out unwanted potentially destructive wave-leg resonances by retuning the leg natural frequencies.(Not present in the picture at right.) Each leg is also sub-divided along its length into compartments a third of the way from each end which act as independent water-tight compartments. The legs use groups of six tall vacuum-anchors holding it fixed in the muck of the sea floor.

Construction

Troll A was built by Norwegian Contractors for Norske Shell, with base construction beginning in July 1991.The base and the deck were built separately, and were joined in 1995 while the base was partially submerged. The base is a Condeep gravity base structure built from reinforced concrete.

The Troll platform was towed over 200 km from Vats, in the northern part of Rogalandmarker, to the Troll fieldmarker, 80 km north-west of Bergenmarker. The tow took seven days.

Expansion

Troll A is scheduled for an expansion of living quarters to accommodate the increasing number of workers needed to operate new compressor modules. These modules are needed due to the dropping pressure in the wells.

Operation

Gas rises from 40 wells, and is exported through a number of pipes at more than . Troll A is scheduled to receive two additional gas compressors to increase production volume and compensate for dropping gas pressure in the wells.

World Records

In 1996 the platform set the Guinness World Record for 'largest offshore gas platform'.

In 2006, the 10th anniversary of Statoil's operatorship of Troll gas production was celebrated with a concert by Katie Melua held at the base of the Troll A platform. As well as entertaining the workers on the rig, the concert set a new world record for the deepest underwater concert at 303 metres below sea level.

See also



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