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According to Catholic lore, Saint Trophimus of Arles (also called Trophime) was the first bishop of Arles, in today's southern Francemarker.

It was an early tradition of the Church that under the co-Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus (251 AD), Pope Fabian sent out seven bishops from Romemarker to Gaul, to preach the Gospel: Gatien to Toursmarker, Trophimus to Arles, Paul to Narbonnemarker, Saturninus to Toulousemarker, Denis to Parismarker, Austromoine to Clermont, and Martial to Limogesmarker.

From the mid-fifth century local tradition has assimilated Trophimus of Arles with the Trophimus mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles as a companion of Saint Paul. Though the Martyrium romanum identifies him as the disciple of Paul, the identification is spurious. Saint Trophîme, as he is in French, does not rate a biography in the Catholic Encyclopedia, but the church at Arles dedicated to himmarker, built from the 12th century onwards over a third-century crypt, is one of the glorious monuments of Romanesque architecture and sculpture in Provence. In its cloister a corner figure in the north gallery, dated about 1180, represents Trophimus.

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