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Troy is a town in Cheshire Countymarker, New Hampshiremarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 1,962 at the 2000 census. Troy is situated at the base of Mount Monadnockmarker. The town center village is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Troy Village Historic Districtmarker.

History

Troy c.
1910
Settled in 1762, by 1815 the community had grown so much that it sought its own incorporation. It was set off from Marlboroughmarker that year, and included parts of Fitzwilliammarker, Swanzeymarker and Richmondmarker. A prominent citizen and friend of Governor John Taylor Gilman, Captain Benjamin Mann of Masonmarker, suggested the name "Troy." His daughter, Betsy, was married to Samuel Wilson, famous as "Uncle Sam", and at that time a resident of Troymarker, New Yorkmarker. At least seven members of Wilson's family were living in the town at the time, thus securing the name. The town hall, built in 1813-1814 near the rail-fenced common, was originally the village meetinghouse.

Troy Mills, which started making horse blankets in the mid-1800s, served as the backbone of the town's economy for nearly 100 years. In 1865, the company was sold by founder Thomas Goodall, who in 1867 would establish Goodall Mills in Sanfordmarker, Mainemarker. Troy Mills declared bankruptcy in late 2001, and ceased operations in 2002. The giant mill complex on Monadnock Street now houses two smaller spin-offs of Troy Mills—Knowlton Nonwovens and Cosmopolitan Textiles. Wooden-ware, pottery and fine building stone were also once the products of Troy industries. As of 2008, Troy Mills was being renovated to become a retirement community.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of , of which is land and is water, comprising 0.91% of the town. Troy is drained by the South Branch of the Ashuelot Rivermarker. The highest point in town is the summit of Gap Mountain, at above sea level, near the eastern border.

Demographics

Troy Meeting House
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,962 people, 733 households, and 527 families residing in the town. The population density was 112.6 people per square mile (43.5/km²). There were 775 housing units at an average density of 44.5/sq mi (17.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.62% White, 0.05% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.38% of the population. 18.7% were of Americanmarker, 13.4% French, 11.8% English, 10.6% Irish, 8.4% French Canadian, 8.2% Finnish and 7.0% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 733 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 19.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,875, and the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $28,816 versus $23,980 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,323. About 3.8% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Residents of Troy attending public high school go to Monadnock Regional High Schoolmarker.

References



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