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Coat of arms of Troyan


Troyan (also spelled Troian, Bulgarian: Троян) is a town in central Bulgariamarker with population of about 30,000 and territory of 888,850 m². It is located 160km from Sofiamarker. The nearest civilian airport is Gorna Oryahovitsamarker, 105 km away. The river of Beli Osam passes through the heart of the town.

Minko Akimov of Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria has been the town's mayor since 2007.

History

Troyan was named a town in 1868, when it developed as a craft center for the region. After the liberation it grows slowly. A spark in the town growth was the creation of a small water electrical plant and textile factories. In 1948, the town was connected to the railway Lovechmarker – Levski – Svishtovmarker. Later in time factories producing electrical motors, electrotechnical products, building machines, wool and furniture developed in the town.

Culture

The Troyan region is home to the cultural and historical site of the Troyan Monasterymarker. August 15 is the day of the Monastery's Patron Saint, when thousands of people from the country gather to celebrate and see a unique icon of Mary. The icon is unique in that Mary has three hands made of silver. The origins of the icon are unknown but there are many stories, some of which involve miracles.

The town is famous for its traditional pottery, probably developed partly as a result of the qualities of the local clay soil. Pottery was a main source of income for the local craftsmen during the Bulgarian Renaissance age. Now handmade pottery items are sold as souvenirs to tourists. Fine examples of traditional pottery can be seen in the town's museum, across from the municipal building.

Also notable are the Nunki Complex and the St Paraskeva Church, both built in the first half of the 19th century.

The production of premium quality plum brandy (rakia) has become a part of the local culture. In connection with this, the town holds the annual Festival of the Plum in the autumn. Plum brandy from Troyan has gained national and international acclaim at major showcases.

The official day of Troyan is October 14, the day of the town's patron saint, St Petka Paraskeva.

Nature

The Troyan region is home to three National Reserves: Kozia Stena, Steneto and Severen Jendem, part of the larger Central Balkan National Parkmarker. The reserves are rich in interesting rock formations, waterfalls and wild life. Most of the interesting spots are tourist-accessible.

Industry

Troyan is the home of the large Actavis [106719] generic pharmaceuticals plant as well as the light machinery factories Elma and Mashstroi[106720]. Another major industry is the famous plum brandy (slivova rakia) production brewery Vinprom-Troyan.

Famous people



Schools



Institute for Mountain Agriculture, part of the National Centre for Agricultural Sciences.

Honour

Troyan Peak on Livingston Islandmarker in the South Shetland Islandsmarker, Antarcticamarker is named after Troyan.

Gallery

Image:Troyan1.JPGImage:Troyan2.JPGImage:Troyan3.JPGImage:Troyan4.JPG

External links




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