Trucial States (also known as Trucial
Oman, the Trucial Coast, and the
Trucial Sheikhdoms) were a group of sheikhdoms in the Persian Gulf.
The sheikdoms included:
sheikdoms permanently allied themselves with the United Kingdom by the Perpetual Maritime Truce of
The states formally became British protectorates
in 1892. In 1952, the Trucial
States Council was established to encourage co-operation between
the seven remaining sheiks.
The United Kingdom announced its intention to end its protectorate
over the Trucial Coast in 1968. The sheikdoms attempted to establish a
federation with Qatar and Bahrain, but it ultimately failed to materialize.
The British government terminated its treaty relationship on
1 December 1971
leading to the independence of the seven states. The next day,
Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Quwain united to form the United Arab Emirates. Ras al-Khaimah joined on 11 February