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Trujillo, in northwestern Perumarker, is the capital of the La Libertad Regionmarker, and the third largest city in Perumarker. The urban area has 811,979 inhabitants and is an economic hub in northern Perumarker. The city is located at the banks of the Moche River, near its mouth on the Pacific Oceanmarker, in a valley of great cultural hegemony.

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Trujillo has its seat here.

History

Plaza de Armas of Trujillo
Trujillo was one of the first cities founded by Spanish conquerors in America. On December 6 1534, Diego de Almagro founded the city under the name of "Villa Trujillo," in honour of Francisco Pizarro's birthplace, Trujillo in Extremadura, Spainmarker. On 23 November 1537, King Charles I of Spainmarker gave it the rank of 'city' and the coat of arms that remains a symbol for the city. It was founded among four Chimu settlements (Huanchaco, Huamán, Moche & Mampuesto), so they could ally against the Incas.

In 1619, an earthquake destroyed the city. Years later, in 1624, a new period surge started with the rebuildings of palaces and the opening of the seminary and the school of the Jesuits.

The city played a significant role in the struggle against a complete Spanish rule. It was the first important city of Perumarker that proclaimed its independence of Spain on 1820, serving as temporary capital of Peru in 1825, and was the main headquarters for Simon Bolívar.

Climate

Trujillo has a dry climate with an average temperature of 21°C. The summers can reach temperatures over 32°C and the winters are never colder than 14°C. Most of the year, the temperature stays in the low to mid twenties.

Trujillo is known as “La Ciudad de la Eterna Primavera", "The City of Eternal Spring", because of its very sunny and pleasant weather year-round. The International Spring Festival in early October attracts visitors from all over Peru and from all over the world.

Economy

In 1800, the city of Trujillo greatly expanded due to extensive irrigated agriculture, fueled primarily by the sugarcane industry. Today asparagus, rice and shoes are the area's main products.

Partial view of the city
The irrigated lands of the Moche River Valley produce sugarcane, rice, and asparagus. Industries in the city include those related with sugar refineries, knitting mills, breweries and shoe industry. Among the internationally known products of Trujillo, asparagus is exported to neighboring countries, Europe and the United Statesmarker. The areas around Trujillo are among the largest exporters of white asparagus in the world. Perumarker is currently the world’s leading asparagus exporter, followed by Chinamarker and Mexicomarker - [55262].

Today, Trujillo is the most important economic center of northern Peru and an inland commercial and transport center for the surrounding farming areas. There are plenty of shopping malls, supermarkets, department stores, etc that makes of Trujillo a modern city.

Demographics

Trujillo is the third most populous city or Perumarker, with a population of over 800 000 in the metropolitan area as of 2007. . The city itself makes up the 2.9% of the total population of Perumarker and the 49.69% of the La Libertad .

Tourism

Tourism is also a major industry in Trujillo due to the city's proximity to important sites where the Moche and Chimu civilizations evolved. These civilizations are well known artisans, many artifacts having been found during archaeological digs in the city.Nearby ruins include the Chimu mud city of Chan Chanmarker,which is the world's largest city built out of adobe Chan-chan, also known as "Ciudad de la Luna" (City of the Moon) or "de las Largas Murallas" (of the Long Walls), has been compared with Teotihuacanmarker in Mexicomarker, and the ancient cities of Egyptmarker. Other nearby ruins are the Moche ruins of Huaca del Solmarker, Huaca de la Lunamarker, and El Brujo.
A street in Trujillo


Trujillo aspires to be designated a World Heritage Site, because of the proximity of both cultures and its historical colonial city centre whose old houses attract many visitors. The old mansions and manors of Trujillo are distinguished for their solemn and austere facades. Inside, their impressive halls are overflowing with ornaments.

Trujillo's window railings are a truly unique feature of the mansions. The House of Ganoza-Chopitea or "casa Ganoza" with a polychromatic front in the baroque style, crowned by a rococo frontispiece and two lions, is the city's most representative example of Trujillano mansion architecture. Another one is the House of Mayorazgo, as old as the city itself, and holding one of Perumarker's greatest numismatic collections. In addition, the revolutionary leader Simón Bolívar lived in a house on the Plaza de Armas.

The world-famous beach Huanchacomarker, a surfing destination, is located just north of Trujillo.

Trujillo's restaurants offer a wide variety of local food such as shambar, mostly served on Mondays, ceviche, sopa teologa and cabrito.

Transportation

The city is connected to all the main coastal cities by the Pan-American Highway. Important to the city's transportation network is the Cap.marker FAP Carlos Martínez de Pinillos International Airportmarker.

The portuary towns of Salaverry and Chicama (Puerto Malabrigo) are used for maritime connection with the world.

Education



There are plenty of higher education institutions. Trujillo is home to the majority of the universities and vocational institutes in northern Peru. The most recognized universities are the National University of Trujillo one of the most important universities in Perúmarker, which was created in May 10, 1824 by Simon Bolivar.

Other well-known universities are Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego, Universidad Privada Cesar Vallejo , Universidad Privada del Norte, which belongs to Laurete International university of Laureate Education Inc. being the second International University in Peru, the archdiocesan seminary, the Universidad Católica de Trujillo and Universidad Privada de Trujillo.

Notable people



References

  1. Peru - Trujillo Agglomeration
  2. INEI - Censos del 2007


External links




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