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Tullio Serafin (1 September 1878 - 2 February 1968) was an Italianmarker conductor.

Biography

Tullio Serafin was a leading Italian opera conductor with a long career and a very broad repertoire who revived many 19th century bel canto operas by Bellini, Rossini and Donizetti to become staples of 20th century repertoire. He had an unparalleled reputation as a coach of young opera singers and famously channelled Callas's temperamental talents.

Born in Rottanova (Cavarzeremarker), near Venicemarker, and trained in Milan, he played viola in the Orchestra of La Scala, Milanmarker under Toscanini, later being appointed Assistant Conductor. He took over as Musical Director at La Scala when Toscanini left to go to New Yorkmarker and served 1909 - 1914, 1917 - 1918 and returned briefly after the second World War, 1946 -1947.

He joined the conducting staff of the Metropolitan Opera in 1924 and remained for a decade, after which he became the artistic director of the Teatro Reale in Romemarker. During his long career he helped further the careers of many important singers, including Rosa Ponselle and Joan Sutherland, and Maria Callas with whom he made numerous recordings.

Serafin was instrumental in expanding the repertory, conducting the Italian premieres of works by Alban Berg, Paul Dukas, and Benjamin Britten. He also conducted important world premieres by both Italian and American composers such as Franco Alfano, Italo Montemezzi, Deems Taylor, and Howard Hanson.

He died in Rome in 1968.

Recordings

Serafin made the following complete opera recordings with Callas for Angel/EMI Records:



He conducted the Orchestra of the Rome Opera House in tenor Jon Vickers's highly acclaimed first recording of Verdi's Otello, made by RCA Victor in 1960.

References

  • Warrack, John and West, Ewan (1992), The Oxford Dictionary of Opera, 782 pages, ISBN 0-19-869164-5


External links




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