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Tumen or Tümen ("unit of ten thousand"; from Turkic: tümen; , Tümen) was a part of the decimal system used by Turkic, and Mongol peoples to organize their armies. Tumen is an army unit of 10,000 soldiers. "Tumen" is also used in the Mongolian language as another word for "very many."

Genghis Khan's organization

In Genghis Khan's military system, a Tumen was recursively built from units of 10 (Arban), 100 (Yaghun), and 1,000 (Minghan), each with a leader reporting to the next higher level. Tumens were considered a practical size, neither too small for an effective campaign nor too big for efficient transport and supply. The military strategy was based on the use of tumens as a useful building block causing reasonable shock and attack.

In modern armies

Tümen is a military unit which is still used in the Turkish Army, consisting of 6,000 to 10,000 soldiers.. Its commander is Tümgeneral in Army and Air Forces and Tümamiral in Naval Forces.

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