Tung Hua Lin (May 26, 1911 – June 18, 2007) was a Chinese-American aerospace and structural engineer best known for
designing China's first twin engine
aircraft during World War II.
Early life and career
Lin was born in Chungking
in May 1911; his
grandfather was head of the local telegraph
agency. In 1914, his family moved to
. He enrolled in Huiwen High School
in 1924, graduating in 1928. After graduation, he entered Yenching University, majoring in
physics, but the following year transferred to Chiaotung
University's Tangshan, Hebei campus
Jiaotong University), graduating with a Bachelor of Science
degree in 1933. He then won a Chinese National Fellowship to
study in the United
States in 1933. He completed his master of science degree at
the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology in 1936. He returned to teach at Tsing Hua
University in 1937.
His cousin Tung-Yen Lin
was also one of the outstanding
structural engineers of the 20th century.
World War II
Lin was asked to design aircraft
World War II
. His production team
worked in a cave to protect against bombing by
lacked modern design tools such as wind
to test the aircraft. The C-0101 which he designed was test flown from Chungking to Chengdu on November 18, 1944.
Lin was awarded a medal by the Chinese government for his
After the war, Lin was a member of a mission to design jet aircraft
in China. They approached the
Aircraft about mass-producing their aircraft, but as the price
quoted was too expensive, they instead chose Gloucester,
Aircraft Company; Lin was part of a 20-person design team who
moved to England to work with them in 1947.
However, due to
a lack of funding, they had to halt production in 1949, whereupon
Lin moved to the United States. There, he taught at the University of
Detroit while studying for his doctorate at the University of
Michigan. He became a professor at the University
of California, Los Angeles in 1955; while there, he published the Theory
of Inelastic Structure in 1968.
He retired in
Lin was awarded the Theodore von Kármán
the American Society
of Civil Engineers
in 1988. His research on earthquake stress
in construction materials led to a fellowship in the National Academy of
in 1990. Taiwan's Academia Sinica named him as a member in
He died of heart failure in June 2007.
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