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The Turkish national football team is the national football team of the Republic of Turkeymarker and is controlled by the Turkish Football Federation. They are affiliated with UEFA.

Turkey has a footballing tradition that features both highs and lows. In World Cup competition Turkey has qualified three times for the 1950, 1954, and 2002 editions. Turkey failed to make an appearance for the 1950 World Cup due to a withdrawal.

The team's highest achievement was reaching 3rd place at the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Turkey also reached the knockout round of Euro 2000, the semi-finals of Euro 2008 and finished 3rd in the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup.

History

Early years

The Turkish national team played their first ever match against Romania in 1923.

World Cups 1950 and 1954

Turkey qualified very easily for the 1950 World Cup beating Syria 7-0 but they had to withdraw due to financial problems.

Turkey then qualified for the 1954 World Cup after a play-off with Spain. The Turkish team first lost 4-1 to Spain but a 1-0 win a few days later initiated a replay. On that occasion they tied 2-2 after, booking their place after a coin toss. Turkey was put in a group along with Hungary and West Germanymarker. However the Turks never played Hungary due to the tournament format, and a 4-1 defeat by the Germans was followed by Turkey carrying out a 7-0 win over South Korea. Turkey lost the play-off to West Germany 7-2.

'60s to '90s

Despite the introduction of a national league, and showings by Turkish clubs in European competition, the 1960s would be a barren time for the national team. The 1970s saw Turkey holding back in the World Cup and European Championship qualifiers, but the team was a point too short to qualify for Euro 1972 and Euro 1976. The Turkish team also suffered their worst defeats with 6-0 scorelines against Poland and, twice, England.

Yet the 1990 World Cup qualifiers would mark a turning point for Turkish football, with Turkey only missing out on qualification in the final game.

Euro 1996 and 2000

Turkey qualified for the Euro 96, beating both Switzerland and Sweden 2-1 along the way, but then at Euro 1996 they lost all their matches without scoring a single goal. However, they did go home with an award: the fair-play award, given to Alpay Özalan.

Turkey qualified for Euro 2000 after winning a play-off against the Republic of Ireland. Turkey lost their first match 2-1 to Italy, they drew their second match against Sweden 0-0, and beat host nation Belgium 4-0, making it the first time in the history of the European Championship that a host nation had been eliminated in the first round, brought Turkey into the last eight of the tournament where they were beaten 2-0 by Portugal.

World Cup 2002

Turkey finished second in their qualifying group, despite starting well and being the favourites to top the group they lost 2-1 to Sweden in the crucial match that would decide the top spot. The Turks were forced to play the play-offs against Austria. They defeated the Austrians 6-0 on aggregate and booked their place at the finals.

The Turkish team started the 2002 World Cup with a 2-1 defeat against eventual winners Brazil. Turkey qualified from the group stage with a 3-0 win against China, after drawing 1-1 with Costa Ricamarker.

Turkey then faced home team Japan in the second round, beating them 1-0.The Turkish team continued their run, as they beat Senegal 1-0 on a golden goal to book their place in the semi-finals where a 1-0 defeat against eventual tournament winners Brazil forced them to play the third place match, and a bronze medal was won after a 4-2 victory over South Korea.Hakan Şükür scored Turkey's first goal in 10.8 seconds, even when the South Koreans kicked off first. It was the fastest goal in World cup history.Tens of thousands of flag-waving Turkish fans greeted the World Cup squad on their return to Istanbulmarker were they joined a massive street party at Taksim Squaremarker.

Confederations Cup 2003 and Euro 2004

In the summer of 2003, Turkey reached third place at the 2003 Confederations Cup. In the group stages they drew 2-2 against Brazilmarker eliminating them from the tournament. Turkey lost to eventual tournament winners France 3-2 in the semi-final match. Turkey defeated Colombia 2-1 to win second place.

The Turkish team failed to qualify for Euro 2004 on play-offs due to a loss to Latvia after finishing second in their group.

World Cup 2006

The Turkish team once again narrowly missed out on the finals after failing to win a play-off, this time on away goals against Switzerland, again after finishing second in their group. There were scenes of violence after the game on and off the pitch where the Turkish team brawled with Swiss players down the tunnel.

Euro 2008

Turkey qualified for their first international tournament in 6 years by finishing second behind Greece in Group C. They were placed alongside Switzerland, Portugal and the Czech Republic in Group A. In their first match they played Portugal and were beaten 2-0, but wins over Switzerland (2-1) and Czech Republic (3-2), both secured by late goals, brought qualification for the knockout stages.Again, Turkey knocked out a Host Nation Switzerland in the group stages, for the second time.

The quarter final against Croatia was goalless after 90 minutes, and Croatia led 1-0 in the final minute of extra time, but another late Turkish goal by forward Semih Şentürk brought the game to penalties. The goal raised some controversy with Croatia fans, and Croatia's coach, Slaven Bilić, who claimed that the goal had been scored after extra time had elapsed. However, this complaint was overruled, and the game went into penalties. Turkey beat out Croatia in penalties 3 - 1.

They went into the semi-final against Germany with just 14 outfield players available as a result of injuries and suspensions, but scored first and were drawing 2-2 in the last minute of the match, until Germany scored a third goal in the last few seconds and Turkey were thus eliminated.

World Cup 2010

Turkey had a mixed qualifying campaign, finishing with 15 points and missing out on a play-off place to Bosnia and Herzegovinamarker with 19 points. Spain won Group 5 to qualify, winning every game in the process. Before Turkey's last game, coach Fatih Terim announced he would be resigning his post after their final game.

World Cup record

Year Round Position GP W D L GS GA
1930 Did not enter - - - - - - -
1934 Withdrew during qualifying - - - - - - -
1938 Did not enter - - - - - - -
1950 Qualified but withdrew - - - - - - -
1954 Round 1 9 3 1 0 2 10 11
1958 Withdrew during qualifying - - - - - - -
1962 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1966 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1970 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1974 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1978 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1982 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1986 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1990 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1994 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1998 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
2002 Third place 3 2 4 1 2 4 6
2006 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
2010 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
Total 2/19 10 5 1 4 20 17


Confederations Cup record

Year Round GP W D L GS GA
1992 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1995 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1997 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1999 Did not qualify - - - - - -
2001 Did not qualify - - - - - -
2003 Third place 5 2 1 2 8 7
2005 Did not qualify - - - - - -
2009 Did not qualify - - - - - -
Total 1/8 5 2 1 2 8 7


European Championship record

Year Round GP W D* L GS GA
1960 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1964 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1968 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1972 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1976 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1980 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1984 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1988 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1992 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1996 Round 1 3 0 0 3 0 5
2000 Quarter-finals 4 1 1 2 3 4
2004 Did Not Qualify - - - - - -
2008 Semi-finals 5 2 1* 2 8 9
2012 - - - - - -
Total 3/13 12 3 2 7 11 18
*Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.


* Turkey advanced to the semi finals via a 3-1 win over Croatia in a penalty shootout.


ECO Cup record

Host/Year Round
1965 Runners-Up
1967 Champions
1969 Champions
1970 Runners-Up
1974 Champions
1993 Did not enter


2010 FIFA World Cup qualification

Current squad

Caps and goals are correct as of October 14, 2009.

The following players are the 22-man squad who were called up for the World Cup qualifiers against Belgium and Armenia.

Name DOB Club Caps (goals) Debut
Goalkeepers
Volkan Demirel Fenerbahçemarker 59 (0) v Belgium, 28 April 2004
Sinan Bolat Standard Liège 0 (0) N/A
Serkan Kırıntılı Ankaragücü 0 (0) N/A
Defenders
Servet Çetin Galatasaray 42 (3) v Czech Republic, 30 April 2003
Gökhan Zan Galatasaray 36 (1) v Czech Republic, 1 March 2006
Sabri Sarıoğlu Galatasaray 28 (1) v Hungary, 7 October 2006
Hakan Balta Galatasaray 25 (1) v Azerbaijan, 12 April 2006
Gökhan Gönül Fenerbahçemarker 17 (0) v Norway, 17 November 2007
İbrahim Kaş Beşiktaş 7 (0) v Norway, 17 November 2007
Önder Turacı Fenerbahçemarker 3 (0) v Estonia, 5 September 2009
İsmail Köybaşı Beşiktaş 2 (0) v Bosnia and Herzegovina, 9 September 2009
Midfielders
Tuncay Şanlı (c) Stoke City 72 (22) v Italy, 20 November 2002
Emre Belözoğlu Fenerbahçemarker 66 (6) v Norway, 23 February 2000
Hamit Altıntop Bayern Munich 52 (3) v Denmark, 18 February 2004
Arda Turan Galatasaray 36 (5) v Luxembourg, 16 August 2006
Colin Kazim-Richards Fenerbahçemarker 18 (0) v Brazil, 5 June 2007
Nuri Şahin Borussia Dortmund 12 (1) v Germany, 8 October 2005
Ceyhun Gülselam Trabzonspor 4 (0) v Belarus, 26 March 2008
Strikers
Halil Altıntop Schalke 04 29 (8) v Georgia, 30 March 2005
Semih Şentürk Fenerbahçemarker 20 (6) v Norway, 17 November 2007
Sercan Yıldırım Bursaspor 4 (1) v Azerbaijan, 2 June 2009


Recent call-ups

Name DOB Club Caps (goals) Debut Most recent callup
Goalkeepers
Tolga Zengin Trabzonspor 2 (0) v Azerbaijan, 12 April 2006
Serdar Kulbilge Gençlerbirliği 1 (0) v Romania, 22 August 2007
Ufuk Ceylan Galatasaray 0 (0) N/A v France, 5 June 2009
Defenders
Emre Aşık Galatasaray 52 (2) v Poland, 27 October 1993
Eren Güngör Kayserispor 3 (0) v Austria, 19 November 2008
Emre Güngör Galatasaray 2 (0) v Slovakia, 20 May 2008
Çağlar Birinci Denizlispor 1 (0) v Belgium, 10 September 2008
Midfielders
Gökdeniz Karadeniz Rubin Kazan 50 (6) v Czech Republic, 30 April 2003
Ayhan Akman Galatasaray 36 (0) v Israel, 18 February 1998
Mehmet Aurélio Real Betis 31 (2) v Luxemburg, 16 August 2006
Mehmet Topuz Fenerbahçemarker 16 (0) v Czech Republic, 1 March 2006
Selçuk Şahin Fenerbahçemarker 17 (0) v United States, 19 June 2003 v Austria, 19 November 2008
Mehmet Topal Galatasaray 15 (0) v Sweden, 6 February 2008 v France, 5 June 2009
Uğur Boral Fenerbahçemarker 11 (1) v Czech Republic, 1 March 2006
Selçuk İnan Trabzonspor 3 (0) v Moldova, 13 October 2007
Serdar Özkan Beşiktaş 3 (0) v Hungary, 12 September 2007
Caner Erkin Galatasaray 6 (0) v Ghana, 25 May 2006
Strikers
Gökhan Ünal Trabzonspor 14 (4) v Czech Republic, 1 March 2006
Mehmet Yıldız Sivasspor 4 (0) v Norway, 28 March 2007 v Ivory Coast, 11 February 2009
Batuhan Karadeniz Beşiktaş 2 (0) v Bosnia and Herzegovina, 11 November 2008


Coaching staff

Position Name
Manager
Assistant Manager Müfit Erkasap
Assistant Manager Oğuz Çetin
Assistant Manager Metin Tekin
Team Doctor Mehmet Candan
Masseur Yusuf Calik
Masseur Metin Kalemci
Masseur Muammer Balik
Goalkeepers Coach Eser Özaltındere
Administrative Responsible Şükrü Hanedar


Player history

Most capped players

# Name Career Caps Goals
1 Rüştü Reçber 1994–2009 119 0
2 Hakan Şükür 1992–2008 112 51
3 Bülent Korkmaz 1990–2005 102 2
4 Tugay Kerimoğlu 1990–2007 94 2
5 Alpay Özalan 1995–2005 90 4
6 Ogün Temizkanoglu 1990–2002 76 5
7 Tuncay Şanlı 2003– 72 22
8 Abdullah Ercan 1992–2003 71 0
9 Oğuz Çetin 1988–1998 70 3
10 Emre Belözoğlu 2000– 65 6


Top goalscorers

# Player Career Goals (Games)
1 Hakan Şükür 1992–2007 51 (112)
2 Lefter Küçükandonyadis 1948–1963 22 (46)
3 Tuncay Şanlı 2003– 22 (72)
4 Metin Oktay 1955–1968 19 (36)
5 Cemil Turan 1969–1979 19 (44)
6 Nihat Kahveci 2000– 17 (62)
7 Zeki Rıza Sporel 1923–1934 15 (15)
8 Arif Erdem 1993–2004 11 (60)
9 Ertuğrul Sağlam 1993–1998 11 (26)
10 Tanju Çolak 1984–1991 9 (31)


Past managers

Manager Turkey career Played Won Drawn Lost Goals For Goals Against Win %
1996–2000 31 11 9 11 45 38 35.5
2000–2004 50 23 13 14 72 50 46.0
2004 1 0 1 0 2 2 00.0
2004–2005 15 8 4 3 29 14 53.3
2005–2009 54 23 17 14 76 66 37.7


National stadiums

City Stadium Capacity Most recently used:
Istanbulmarker Atatürk Olympic Stadiummarker 81,283 8 October 2005
Istanbulmarker Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadiummarker 52,509 10 September 2008
Istanbulmarker Inönü Stadiummarker 32,145 11 October 2008
Istanbulmarker Ali Sami Yen Stadiummarker 22,500 1 April 2009
Ankaramarker 19 Mayıs Stadiummarker 21,250 20 August 2003
Izmirmarker İzmir Atatürk Stadiummarker 58,008 11 February 2009
Bursamarker Bursa Atatürk Stadiummarker 19,700 14 October 2009
Trabzonmarker Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadiummarker 29,500 4 September 2004
Gaziantepmarker Kamil Ocak Stadiummarker 14,325 18 February 2004
Denizlimarker Denizli Atatürk Stadiummarker 15,000 18 August 2004
Kayserimarker Kadir Has Stadiummarker 32,864 5 September 2009


Trivia

  • Hakan Şükür scored the fastest goal ever in (10.8 seconds after kickoff) a World Cup finals match during the third-place game of the 2002 World Cup against South Korea.
  • Turkey's highest FIFA World Ranking was 5th place. (June 2004)
  • Nuri Şahin is the youngest player ever to have played and scored for the Turkish national team, ironically scoring against Germany, as he has both Turkish and German citizenship.
  • Turkey has now won four consecutive matches against host nations in major tournaments, after beating Belgium in UEFA Euro 2000, both Japan and South Korea in the 2002 FIFA World Cup, and Switzerland in UEFA Euro 2008.
  • Semih Şentürk scored the latest goal (time was 121.04) in European Cup history in Turkey's Euro 2008 quarterfinal match against Croatia.
  • The most goals scored in a match was in 1967 when Turkey played against Pakistan. Turkey won the match 7-4.
  • Sadri Usuoğlu was the first and only black manager of the national team when he coached the team in 1952.
  • Turkey won the world cup for military teams in 1952.


Cups squads

World Cups squads Euro Cups squads Confederations Cup squads

References



External links




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