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THY - Turkish Airlines, Inc. (Turkish: Türk Hava Yolları Anonim Ortaklığı) is the national airline of Turkeymarker, headquartered in Istanbulmarker. It operates a network of scheduled services to 120 international and 37 domestic cities (38 domestic airports), serving a total of 158 airports, in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas. The airline's main base is at Atatürk International Airportmarker (IST), with secondary hubs at Esenboğa International Airportmarker (ESB), Sabiha Gokcen International Airportmarker (SAW), and Adnan Menderes International Airportmarker (ADB). In 2006, 2007 and 2008, THY carried 17 million, 19.7 million and 22.5 million passengers with total revenues of US$2.23, US$3.0 and US$4.5 billion, respectively. THY is estimated to carry 25 million passengers in 2009, and it is projected to be Europe's 7th biggest airline in terms of passengers carried in 2009(4th in national flag carriers). The airline has more than 12,000 employees. As of 1 April 2008, THY is a member of Star Alliance.


Turkish Airlines operates scheduled services to 38 airports in Turkey although 24 of them handle domestic flights only. Ankaramarker is served with 106 flights per week, Izmirmarker with nearly 100, Antalyamarker with 65 and Adanamarker with 55. Ten other domestic cities are served with double daily flights from Istanbulmarker. Turkish Airlines has a low-cost spin-off called AnadoluJet. The flag carrier's main rivals are Atlasjet, Onur Air and Pegasus.

The majority of Turkish Airlines international services are operated from Istanbul Ataturk Airportmarker, and around 50 destinations can be reached within three hours. Turkish Airlines’ 120 international destinations are spread across nearly 70 countries. Routes across the North Atlantic include Chicagomarker, New York Citymarker, and Torontomarker. In Latin America THY serves Sao Paulomarker via Dakarmarker (On 27th of March, direct flights to Sao Paulo and Dakar will be commenced). Major cities served in Asia include Bangkokmarker, Beijing, Hong Kongmarker, Jakartamarker, Karachimarker, Mumbaimarker, New Delhimarker, Osaka, Seoulmarker, Shanghai, Singaporemarker and Tokyomarker.

Interactive route map of Turkish Airlines is available at their website [25355]

Codeshare agreements

Turkish Airlines headquarters

THY’s codeshare partners
Air Canada (SA) Air China (SA) Air India Air Malta
All Nippon Airways (SA) Asiana Airlines (SA) Austrian Airlines (SA) B&H Airlines
Croatia Airlines (SA) EgyptAir (SA) Etihad Airways Garuda Indonesia
Jet Airways LOT Polish Airlines (SA) Lufthansamarker (SA) Malaysia Airlines
Pakistan International Airlines Royal Air Maroc Singapore Airlines (SA) SunExpress
Syrianair TAP Portugal (SA) Thai Airlines (SA) United Airlines (SA)

Note: This list includes Star Alliance (SA) partners. Turkish Airlines joined the Star Alliance on 1 April 2008. See bottom of page for the full list of its Star Alliance partners.


The Turkish Airlines fleet consists of 133 aircraft as of November 2009:

Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
Airbus A319-132 4 124
Airbus A320-200 22 150
Airbus A321-200 21 186 4 have AVOD in
Economy and Business
Airbus A330-200 7 2 250 Deliveries starting August 2010
Airbus A330-300 1 10 319 Deliveries starting August 2010
in service aircraft leased from Saga Airlines
Airbus A340-300 9 271 2 are dry leased from ILFC
AVOD in Economy and Business
Boeing 737-400 5 150 1 leased out to Anadolujet
1 wet-leased to B&H Airlines, back to Turkish Airlines January 2010
Being phased out

Boeing 737-700 6 2 149 4 are leased out to Anadolujet.

2 new deliveries to be delivered to B&H Airlines in January and March 2010.
Boeing 737-800 51 165 2 are in Star Alliance livery
3 are leased out to Anadolujet
Boeing 777-300ER 4 12 312 Leased from Jet Airways (4)
a fifth aircraft plan to be leased as well
Turkish Airlines Cargo Fleet
Airbus A310-300F 4 Cargo Cargo division
Airbus A330-200F 2 Cargo Cargo division
Total 133 28

As of 8 November 2009, the average age of the Turkish Airlines fleet was 6.2 years.

Fleet expansion

On 14 October 2008 Turkish Airlines issued one of the world's largest commercial aircraft purchase tenders. The tender which has since been extended to 17 December 2008 is for the purchase of 105 planes valued at US $6 billion. This will include a firm order for 25 wide-body, long-haul planes and 50 narrow-body, medium-haul aircraft. It would also place options for 10 wide-body and 20 narrow-body aircraft Turkish Airlines' CEO Temel Kotil stated that the orders will not be announced in Paris Air Show in Bourget , but already they have announced 19 wide-body aircraft with 3 options.


The airline's livery is a white fuselage with blue lettering, with a tulip on the fuselage running from the rear of the wing to the tail, and a red tail with the company logo in a white circle.

New logo

A modified logo has been introduced. The biggest change is the logo's switch from a red emblem on a white background to a white emblem on a red background.

Maintenance center

The airlines has a maintenance centre at its hub Atatürk International Airportmarker, (IST) in Istanbul. Turkish Airlines Maintenance Center with THY Technic responsible for the maintenance, repair and overhaul of THY's aircraft, engines, and components.

Turkish Technic are to open a new engine center in SAW, Sabiha Gökçen International Airportmarker. The facility will provide engine maintenance, repair and overhaul services to customers worldwide.

Affinity programs

Miles & Smiles is the frequent flyer program of Turkish Airlines, started after the airline left Qualiflyer. The earned miles can be used in Turkish Airlines's flights, as well as flights on Lufthansamarker, including the entire Star Alliance.

Incidents and accidents

During its 75 year history, Turkish Airlines has had three accidents on its international flights, and 18 on domestic flights. They include the following:

  • On 8 March 1962, Fairchild F27 TC-KOP crashed at Taurus Mountains on approach to Adana Airportmarker. All three crew and eight passengers on board were killed.

  • On 23 December 1979, a Fokker F28 Fellowship 1000marker (registration TC-JAT, named Trabzon) on a scheduled domestic flight from Samsun Airportmarker (SSX/LTAQ) to Esenboğa Airportmarker (ESB/LTAC) in Ankaramarker struck a hill in Kuyumcuköy village at Çubukmarker, north-east of the destination airport in severe turbulence on approach to landing. Three of the four crew and 38 of the 41 passengers on board were killed.

  • On 16 January 1983, Flight 158marker, a Boeing 727-2F2 (registration TC-JBR, named Afyon) landed about 50 m (160 ft) short of the runway at Ankara Esenboğa Airportmarker (ESB/LTAC) in driving snow, broke up and caught fire. 47 passengers died, all of the seven crew and 13 passengers survived the accident with injuries.

  • On 29 December 1994, Flight 278marker, a Boeing 737-4Y0 (registration: TC-JES, named Mersin) crashed during its final approach to land at Van Ferit Melen Airportmarker (VAN/LTCI) in driving snow. Five of the seven crew and 52 of the 69 passengers died.

  • On 7 April 1999, Flight 5904, a Boeing 737-4Q8 (registration TC-JEP, named Trakya) on a repositioning flight crashed in Ceyhanmarker 8 minutes after taking off from Adana Şakirpaşa Airportmarker (ADA/LTAF). There were no passengers on board, but all six crew members died in the accident.

  • On 25 February 2009, Flight 1951marker a Boeing 737-800 (registration: TC-JGE, named Tekirdağ) carrying 135 passengers, crashed near Schiphol Airportmarker, near Amsterdammarker, The Netherlandsmarker, 9 people died including the 3 pilots. 86 passengers were transported to local hospitals. The preliminary results of the Dutch investigation found that a faulty altimeter caused the aircraft to throttle the engines back to idle and that the crew failed to react quickly enough resulting in a stall and crash. Boeing has advised operators of all 737 aircraft to carefully monitor primary flight instruments and not to engage autopilot/throttle systems during approach and landing in event of a radio altimeter malfunction .

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