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Typhoons in the Philippines: Map

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Typhoons in the Philippines describes the most notable tropical cyclones to enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility and affect the Philippinesmarker. Bagyo is a term referring to any tropical cyclone in the Philippine Islandsmarker. An average of 6 to 7 tropical cyclones hit the Philippines per year. A bagyo is categorized into four types according to its wind speed by the PAGASA. All tropical cyclones, regardless of strength, are named by PAGASA. Tropical depressions have maximum sustained winds of between and near its center. Tropical storms have maximum sustained winds of and . Typhoons achieve maximum sustained winds of to , with super typhoons having maximum winds exceeding . The most destructive tropical cyclone to impact the Philippines was Tropical Storm Thelma in 1991, which killed thousands of people from its resultant flooding. The wettest known tropical cyclone to impact the archipelago was the July 1911 cyclone which dropped over of rainfall within a 24 hour period at Baguio City. At least 30 percent of the annual rainfall in the northern Philippines could be traced to tropical cyclones, while the southern islands receive less than 10 percent of their annual rainfall from tropical cyclones.

Bagyo

The term bagyo is not equivalent to typhoon for two reasons. First, typhoon generically refers to strong tropical cyclones in the Northwest Pacific west of the dateline. Secondly, a typhoon (in the case of the Philippines) is a categorical name for any bagyo inside the Philippines' area of responsibility. Bagyo should not be confused with Baguio, a Philippine city, the name of which is the origin of the term used in regards to tropical cyclones.

Variability in activity

The most active season, since 1945, for tropical cyclone strikes on the island archipelago was 1993 when seventeen tropical cyclones moved through the country. There was only one tropical cyclone which moved through the Philippines in 1958. The most frequently impacted areas of the Philippines by tropical cyclones are northern Luzon and eastern Visayas. A ten year average of satellite determined precipitation showed that at least 30 percent of the annual rainfall in the northern Philippines could be traced to tropical cyclones, while the southern islands receive less than 10 percent of their annual rainfall from tropical cyclones.

Most destructive

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Most destructive typhoons in the Philippines
Rank Storm Dates of impact Deaths Damage
1 Thelma/Uring 1991 November 2-7 , 1991 5,101-8,000 P 1.045 B
2 Angela/Rosing 1995 October 30-November 4, 1995 936 P 10.829 B
3 Mike/Ruping 1990 November 10-14, 1990 748 P 10.846 B
4 Joan/Sening 1970 October 11-15, 1970 768 P 1.89 B
5 Agnes/Undang 1984 November 3-6, 1984 895 P 1.9 B
6 Babs/Loleng 1998 October 15-24 1998 303 P 6.787 B
7 Nina/Sisang 1987 November 23-27, 1987 979 P 1.119 B
8 Flo/Kadiang 1993 September 30-October 7, 1993 576 P 8.752 B
9 Amy 1951 December 6-19, 1951 991 P 0.7 B


Wettest recorded tropical cyclones

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See also



References

  1. Glossary of Meteorology. Baguio. Retrieved on 2008-06-11.
  2. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Appendix B: Characteristics of Tropical Cyclones Affecting the Philippine Islands (Shoemaker 1991). Retrieved on 2008-04-20.
  3. Leoncio A. Amadore, Ph.D. Socio-Economic Impacts of Extreme Climatic Events in the Philippines. Retrieved on 2007-02-25.
  4. Glossary of Meteorology. Baguio. Retrieved on 2008-06-11.
  5. Glossary of Meteorology. Baguio. Retrieved on 2008-06-11.
  6. Leoncio A. Amadore, Ph.D. Socio-Economic Impacts of Extreme Climatic Events in the Philippines. Retrieved on 2007-02-25.
  7. Typhoon2000.com..::10 WORST TYPHOONS OF THE PHILIPPINES (A SUMMARY)..::


External links




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