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Tyrrhenian Sea.

The Tyrrhenian Sea ( ) is part of the Mediterranean Seamarker off the western coast of Italymarker.

It is bounded by Corsicamarker and Sardinia (west), Tuscany, Lazio, Campania, Basilicata, and Calabria (east), and Sicily (south).

The maximum depth of the sea is .

The Tyrrhenian Sea is situated near the African-European Fault; therefore mountain chains and active volcanoes such as Mount Marsili are found in its depths. The eight Aeolian Islandsmarker are located in the southern part of the sea, north of Sicily. Winds are Mistral from the Rhône valley, Libeccio from the south-west, Scirocco and Ostro from the south.

There are five exits from the Tyrrhenian Sea (north to south):

The Tyrrhenian Sea is divided into two basins (or plains), the Vavilov plain and the Marsili plain. They are separated by the undersea ridge known as the Issel Bridge, after Arturo Issel.

In Greek mythology, it is believed that the cliffs above the Tyrrhenian Sea housed the four winds kept by Aeolus.

The name for this part of the Mediterranean Seamarker derives from the Greek name for the Etruscansmarker, who were said to be emigrants from Lydia and led by the prince Tyrrhenus. The Etruscans settled along the coast of modern Tuscany and referred to the water as the "Sea of the Etruscans".


  1. Sartori, Renzo (2003) "The Tyrrhenian back-arc basin and subduction of the Ionian lithosphere" Episodes 26(3): pp.217-221, p. 217

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