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Uí Néill: Map


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Not to be confused with the O'Neill dynasty, a specific sept of this group.
The Uí Néill (Irish for descendants of Niall; Uí pronounced 'Ee': ) were Irishmarker and Scottish dynasties who claimed descent from Niall Noigiallach (Niall of the Nine Hostages), an historical High King of Ireland who died about 405.

The first generation of the Uí Néill were his sons, seven in all:

All these men were in their lifetime known as members of The Connachta dynasty, or as "the sons of Niall." The term Uí Néill did not - by its very nature - come into use until the time of Niall's grandsons and great-grandsons.

Dynasties descended from the Uí Néill, such as the Cenél Conaill and Cenél nEógain, held power in Ulster until their defeat in the Nine Years War in 1603. The heads of the families left for Catholic Europe in 1607, an event known as the Flight of the Earls.

The Y-chromosome haplogroup R1b1b2a1a2f2 (M222) may be a genetic indicator of descendants of the Uí Néill kindred.[110573] Alternatively the marker M222 may only belong to a large sept of the kindred but not to the Uí Néill entirely.

Uí Néill family tree

Bold indicates a High King of Ireland.

See also


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