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The US Bank Tower, formerly the Library Tower and First Interstate Bank World Center, is a skyscraper located at 633 West Fifth Street in downtownmarker Los Angelesmarker. It is the ninth-tallest building in the United States, the tallest North American skyscraper west of the Mississippi River, the tallest building in Californiamarker, and the tallest building with a helipad on the roof (this is required by the city building code). Rising in height, it is also the 31st-tallest building in the world as of March 2008. Until the construction of Taipei 101marker, it was also the tallest building in a major active seismic region; its structure was designed to resist an earthquake of 8.3 on the Richter scale. It consists of 73 stories above ground and two parking levels below ground. Construction began in 1987 with completion in 1989. The building was designed by Henry N. Cobb of the architectural firm Pei Cobb Freed & Partners and cost $350 million to build. It is one of the most recognizable buildings in Los Angeles, often used in establishing shots for the city in films and television programs.

The building is also known as the Library Tower due to its location across the street from the Los Angeles Central Library; it was built as part of the $1 billion redevelopment of the Library following two disastrous fires in 1986. The City of Los Angeles sold air rights to the developers of the tower to help pay for the reconstruction of the library. The building was also known for a time as First Interstate Bank World Center after being bought by First Interstate Bank. After First Interstate merged with Wells Fargo Bank the name Library Tower was restored. In March 2003 the property was leased by U.S. Bancorp and the building was renamed U.S. Bank Tower. Residents, however, generally continue to refer to it as the Library Tower.

The tower has a large glass "crown" at its top that is illuminated at night. The crown is lighted with red and green during the Christmas holiday season. It is also lit with purple and gold when the Los Angeles Lakers are playing in the NBA Playoffs and blue and white on Opening Day for the Los Angeles Dodgers and when the Dodgers are playing in the playoffs. The crown was also lit with red, white and blue during the July 4 holidays, but that practice ended in 2003.

On February 28, 2004, two U.S. Bank logo signs, each standing 75 feet (23 m) high, were installed on the crown, amid controversy for their effect on the aesthetic appearance of the building (as was the case previously when First Interstate Bank's logos were placed on the crown between 1990 and 1998).

Major occupants include:

Terrorist target

On June 16, 2004, the 9/11 Commission reported that the original plan for the September 11 attacks called for the hijacking of five planes, one of which was to be crashed into the building.

On October 6, 2005, House officials stated that the government had foiled a previously undisclosed second plot to crash a plane into the building in mid-2002. In a televised speech on February 9, 2006, US President George W. Bush asserted that American counterterrorism officials had foiled a plot to slam planes into the building, which he incorrectly identified as the "Liberty Tower." According to President Bush, Al-Qaeda leader Khaled Sheikh Mohammed's plan was to use Asian confederates from Jemaah Islamiyah recruited by Islamic militant Hambali for the hijacking. President Bush asserted the hijackers were going to use shoe bombs to breach the plane's cockpit door. Some counter-terrorism experts have expressed doubt that the plot was ever fully developed or likely to occur. Planning for the attack allegedly began as early as October 2001.



Companies



Gallery

Image:Librarytwr.jpg|From Figueroa and 5th Streets.Image:US bank time-lapse-still-2006-02-06.jpg|From Hope and 8th at night.Image:Us_bank_tower.jpg|From street level on S. Hope street.Image:USBank_Tower.JPG|Looking Above from the Bunker Hill Steps.Image:Uslibraryhope.jpg|From Hope & Wilshire Street.Image:Libtwr2.jpg|With the Gas Company Tower to the left and Citigroup Building to the right.Image:US_Bank_Tower-Figueroa.jpg|From street level on Figueroa Street.Image:Libtwr1.jpg|With the AT&T Building to the left and Mellon Bank Plaza to the right.Image:US Bank Tower Skid Row.jpg|From LA's Skid Rowmarker.
General Contractor - Turner Construction Company, Los Angeles, CA

See also



References

  1. http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/bush-seizes-on-alqaeda-plot-to-hit-los-angeles/2006/02/10/1139542403036.html Smh.com


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