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U.S. Route 10: Map

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U.S. Route 10 is an east-west United States highway formed in 1926. Though it was never the cross-country route suggested by the "0" in its route number, US 10 was one of the original long-haul highways, from Detroit, Michiganmarker, to Seattle, Washingtonmarker, before losing much of its length to the Interstate Highways to its current length long.

The route crosses Lake Michiganmarker by the ferry SS Badger between Ludington, Michiganmarker, and Manitowoc, Wisconsinmarker. US 10 is one of only two US Highways that include a ferry ride in the route (US 9 is the other). Formerly, US 16 also had a ferry connection between Muskegon, Michiganmarker, and Milwaukee, Wisconsinmarker; ferry service on this route was restored and now runs as the Lake Express.

The highway's eastern terminus is in Bay City, Michiganmarker, at an intersection with Interstate 75 (US-10 mile marker 139, I-75 mile marker 162). Its western terminus is in West Fargo, North Dakotamarker at an intersection with Interstate 94.

Route description

North Dakota

In the state of North Dakotamarker, U.S. 10 runs approximately 8 miles (13 km), from Interstate 94 to the Red Rivermarker. It is one of the primary east-west streets in West Fargomarker and Fargomarker, and is called Main Avenue for its entire length in North Dakota. At the Red River, U.S. 10 crosses over a bridge to Moorhead, Minnesotamarker.

Minnesota

US 10 is a major divided highway for almost all of its length in Minnesotamarker. The road enters Minnesota in Moorheadmarker and travels southeastward to St. Cloudmarker. It then passes through the northern suburbs of Minneapolismarker and St. Paulmarker before passing into the city of St. Paul and then crossing into Wisconsin.

Wisconsin

U.S. 10 enters Wisconsin at Prescottmarker and travels southeastward passing Neillsvillemarker, Marshfieldmarker, Stevens Pointmarker, and Appletonmarker before meeting the S.S. Badger car ferry in Manitowoc. U.S. 10 is now a 4 lane divided highway from STH 34 east of Junction City to Interstate 39 and by 2012 will be a 4 lane divided highway from 1 miles east of Marshfield to Interstate 39. This allows the traveler to bypass most of Stevens Point.

Michigan

U.S. 10 enters Michiganmarker after it crosses Lake Michiganmarker from Manitowoc to Ludington. U.S. 10 is concurrent with U.S. 31 from Ludingtonmarker to Scottvillemarker before US-31 heads north. The road then heads east through Baldwinmarker and Reed Citymarker before it becomes a freeway west of U.S. 127 near the junction with highway M-115. U.S. 127 and U.S. 10 overlap for a short distance near Claremarker. U.S. 10 bypasses Midlandmarker and terminates at I-75 in Bay Citymarker.

Alternate routes

US 10 has had alternate routes designated in the past, but none are active as of 2004.

Between 1926 and 1934, there was a pair of alternate routes between St. Cloud, Minnesotamarker and Moorhead, Minnesotamarker. U.S. Route 10N, the northern route, connected St. Cloud, Little Falls, Minnesotamarker, Motley, Minnesotamarker, and Detroit Lakes, Minnesotamarker before reaching Moorhead. U.S. Route 10S ran from St. Cloud through Alexandria, Minnesotamarker and Fergus Falls, Minnesotamarker before rejoining U.S. Route 10N at Moorhead. In the mid-1930s, U.S. Route 52 was extended into Minnesota, and Route 10S was renamed to Route 52 (now Interstate 94). Route 10N was renamed to Route 10.

History

Originally, US 10 also passed through Montanamarker, the Idahomarker Panhandle, and Washingtonmarker, terminating in Seattle. The completion of I-90 and I-94 replaced US 10 along this route, although some sections of the old US 10 road still exist in such cities as Bismarck, North Dakotamarker, Missoula, Montanamarker, Spokane, Washingtonmarker, and between Cle Elum, Washingtonmarker and Ellensburg, Washingtonmarker as Washington State Route 10. The last section of Interstate 90 to be completed was between Wallace, Idahomarker and Coeur d'Alene, Idahomarker in the early 1990s. Much of this route was co-numbered as both Interstate 90 and US 10 until the final completion of Interstate 90 through Idaho.

At the eastern end, US 10 originally went south from Midland, Michiganmarker to Saginaw, Michiganmarker on what is now highway M-47. It then joined up with US 23 in Saginaw, and continued south until it split from US 23 north of Flint, Michiganmarker. It then continued south-east as the Dixie Highway to Pontiac, Michiganmarker, where it became Woodward Avenue, now designated as M-1. From there, US 10 continued on an almost straight line to downtown Detroitmarker, where it intersected with US 16, US 25, and US 12. It then took a two-block jog, and ended up at the Detroit-Windsor Tunnelmarker to Canadamarker.

In the 1970s, US-10 was rerouted off Woodward Avenue in the Detroit area and onto the John C. Lodge Freeway (formerly Business Spur 696) and Telegraph Road. US-10 was truncated to Bay City, Michigan in 1987 at which point the Lodge Freeway was changed to M-10.

In 1925, US-10 was originally proposed to run from Detroit through Chicagomarker, and northwesterly into Wisconsin on what later became US-12.

See also



References

External links




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