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U.S. Route 301 is a spur of U.S. Route 1 running through the South Atlantic States.It currently runs 1,099 miles (1,769 km) from Glasgow, Delawaremarker at U.S. Route 40 to Sarasota, Floridamarker. It passes through the states of Delawaremarker, Marylandmarker, Virginiamarker, North Carolinamarker, South Carolinamarker, Georgiamarker, and Floridamarker. It goes through the cities of Annapolis, Marylandmarker; Richmondmarker and Petersburg, Virginiamarker; Rocky Mountmarker, Wilson, North Carolinamarker and Fayetteville, North Carolinamarker; Florence, South Carolinamarker; Statesboromarker and Jesup, Georgiamarker; and Ocalamarker, Zephyrhillsmarker, Tampamarker, Brandonmarker, and Sarasota, Floridamarker.

US 301 parallels Interstate 95 for much of its routing through the The Carolinas and Virginiamarker including a short concurrency in Santee, South Carolinamarker and near Fayetteville, North Carolinamarker.

US 301 has a number of concurrencies along its route. It overlaps U.S. Route 50 from Bowie, Marylandmarker to Queenstown, Marylandmarker, including the Chesapeake Bay Bridge; with secret Interstate 595 from Bowie, Marylandmarker to Annapolis, Marylandmarker; and Maryland Route 5 in Waldorf, Marylandmarker among others.

US 301 formerly had its terminus in Baltimore, Marylandmarker. It followed the alignment of the current Maryland Route 3, portions of the Baltimore Beltway, and Maryland Route 648. Route 301 ended in Southwestern Baltimore on Monroe Street at the intersection with U.S. 1. Route 3 was supplanted north of Millersville by Interstate 97.

Route description

Florida

Concurrencies in Floridamarker include US 1/23 between Folkston(Georgia) and Callahan, US 441 between Sparr and Belleview, US 27 between Ocala and Belleview, US 98 between Moss Town and Clinton Heights(near Dade City), and US 41 between Palmetto and South Bradenton. The road is also shared by the DeSoto Trail south of Bushnell.

Since US 301 is a popular short cut between Northeastern Florida and the Gulf Coast region, a number of towns along the road have been notorious speed traps. Many have accused the police in Waldomarker, Starkemarker, Lawteymarker, and others of giving tickets simply to raise money. The American Automobile Association has strongly advised motorists to avoid this stretch of the road. A Starke Bypass has been proposed for construction by the Florida Department of Transportation for the year 2010.

Georgia

In Georgiamarker, US 301 is signed concurrently with various state routes. It uses State Route 4/State Route 15 from Floridamarker to Folkstonmarker, State Route 23 from Folkston to Glennvillemarker, and State Route 73 from Glennville to South Carolinamarker. Large portions of US 301 in Georgia are concurrent with U.S. Highway 25.

US 301 enters Georgiamarker from Floridamarker concurrent with U.S. Highway 1 and U.S. Highway 23, also designated as State Route 4 and State Route 15, on a bridge over the St. Marys River. In Folkstonmarker, State Route 23 and State Route 121 join. US 1, US 23, SR 4, SR 15 and SR 121 split to the northwest at a junction north of Folkston, leaving only US 301 and SR 23 to head north across U.S. Highway 82/State Route 520 at Nahuntamarker to Jesupmarker.

At Jesup, US 301 crosses U.S. Highway 341/State Route 27, where U.S. Highway 25 turns from US 341 onto US 301, and then merges with U.S. Highway 84/State Route 38. The combined routes (US 25, US 84, US 301, SR 23 and SR 38) cross the Altamaha River to the junction with State Route 57 in Ludowicimarker. There US 84 and SR 38 continue northeast while US 25, US 301 and SR 23 turn northwest with SR 57.

SR 23 and SR 57 split off to the northwest at Glennvillemarker. State Route 73 begins there, taking US 25 and US 301 north from Glenville across U.S. Highway 280/State Route 30 at Claxtonmarker and Interstate 16/State Route 404 to Statesboromarker.

US 25 and US 301 meet U.S. Highway 80/State Route 26 and State Route 67 in Statesboro. SR 67 joins south of the US 80 crossing and then turns west with US 80, as does US 25; US 25 and SR 67 split from US 80 and SR 26 about seven miles (11 km) to the west. US 301 and SR 73 continue north from Statesboro through Sylvaniamarker to the Savannah River and the border with South Carolinamarker.

South Carolina

US 301 at SC 260 junction in Manning.
US 301 enters South Carolinamarker over the Savannah River southwest of Allendalemarker. Concurrencies include U.S. 321 in and around Ulmer, U.S. 601 between Bambergmarker and Orangeburgmarker, then I-95/U.S. 15 Santeemarker, at Exit 97 before all three move across Lake Marionmarker. The U.S. 15-301 multiplex leaves I-95 at Exit 102, running in close proximity to I-95, but U.S. 15 breaks away at Summertonmarker. Other concurrencies include U.S. 521 in Manningmarker, U.S. 52 between Effingham and just south of Florencemarker, U.S. 76 eastbound from east of Florence until Pee Dee, and finally joins U.S. 501 in Lattamarker, where they both approach the South of the Border roadside attraction complexmarker at the interchange with I-95 on the North-South Carolina border.

North Carolina

US 301-501 enters North Carolinamarker at the interchange with I-95 where it passes the South of the Bordermarker roadside attraction complex, then closely parallels by Interstate 95 throughout North Carolinamarker. Concurrencies include US 501 between Latta (South Carolina) and Rowland, Interstate 95 between Exit 10 and Exit 22 in Lumberton, Interstate Business Loop 95 in Fayetteville, and US 158marker between Garysburg and Weldon.

Virginia

After crossing the Potomac River into Virginiamarker, US 301 intersects with US 17 in Port Royal. South of Fort A.P.marker Hillmarker Military Reservation in Bowling Green, it moves closer to Interstate 95, until it reaches US 1 in Richmond, where it becomes concurrent with US 1 and parallel to I-95. In Petersburg, US 1 breaks away and follows Interstate 85 instead, making Route 301 the parallel route along I-95 throughout much of the Carolinas.

At Fort A. P. Hill, the site of Garrett's Barn is in the median strip of US 301. It is marked by a sign in the northbound lanes. This is the site where John Wilkes Booth was killed in 1865. Booth had met Confederate soldiers at Port Royal, Virginiamarker, also on US 301, foremost among them Captain William S. Jett, who was later captured at Bowling Green, Virginiamarker.

It crosses the James River in Richmondmarker on the Robert E. Lee Memorial Bridge, and the Appomattox River between Colonial Heightsmarker and Petersburgmarker on the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Bridgemarker. It also crosses the Potomac River between Maryland and Virginia on the Harry W. Nice Memorial Bridge.

Maryland

Concurrent with U.S. Route 50 from Bowiemarker to Queenstownmarker, with unsigned Interstate 595 from Bowiemarker to Annapolismarker, and Maryland Route 5 in Waldorfmarker, as described above.

It crosses the Chesapeake Bay near Annapolismarker on the William Preston Lane Jr. Memorial Bridge, also called the Chesapeake Bay Bridgemarker.

Delaware

The highway starts at the intersection of U.S. 40 and Delaware Route 896 in Glasgowmarker. The highway is cosigned with DE 896, picking up Delaware Route 71 only three miles south of U.S. 40. Running parallel to US 13 and Delaware Route 1, the highway crosses the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal on the four-lane Summit Bridgemarker. At Boyds Corner, DE 896 heads east to U.S. 13 and DE 1 and DE 71 continues to be cosigned with U.S. 301 until the road reaches Middletownmarker. U.S. 301 continues alone until it picks up two other roads, Delaware Route 15 and Delaware Route 299, which follows the highway to the Marylandmarker state line. On November 14, 2006, the Delaware Department of Transportation (DelDOT) announced that a new four-lane bypass around Middletown will reroute US 301 west of Middletown, with the road directly connecting to DE 1 in Biddles Corner.

U.S. Route 301 crosses the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal on the Summit Bridgemarker near Newarkmarker.

History

U.S. Route 217 was one of the original U.S. Highways designated in 1926, connecting US 17 at Pee Dee, South Carolinamarker (east of Florencemarker) with US 17-1 at Wilson, North Carolinamarker. US 301 was established in 1932 as a replacement of the piece of US 17-1 north of Wilson and the whole of US 217. Thus US 301 initially ran from US 17 (now US 76) at Pee Dee northeast through Dillon, South Carolinamarker, Pembroke, North Carolinamarker, Fayetteville, North Carolinamarker, Dunn, North Carolinamarker, Smithfield, North Carolinamarker, Wilson, North Carolina, Rocky Mount, North Carolinamarker, and Emporia, Virginiamarker, ending at U.S. Route 1 in Petersburg, Virginiamarker. This entire route is now paralleled by Interstate 95.

In 1935, US 301 was extended southwest to U.S. Route 15 at Summerton, South Carolinamarker. This extension took it west on U.S. Route 76 (formerly U.S. Route 17) to Florence, South Carolinamarker and south on U.S. Route 52 (also formerly US 17) to Effingham, South Carolina. There it split to the southwest, running along what had been S.C. Highway 4 via Manning, South Carolinamarker to Summerton. This again runs parallel to Interstate 95.

The next extension was to the north in late 1940, coinciding with the opening of the Potomac River Bridge. US 301 was extended north along U.S. Route 1 from Petersburg, Virginiamarker to Richmond, Virginiamarker, then north on Route 2 to Bowling Green, Virginiamarker, and northeast on Route 207 to the bridge. In Maryland it continued along the new alignment off the bridge to Newburg, Marylandmarker, and then replaced Maryland Route 3 all the way to U.S. Route 1 in Baltimore, Marylandmarker.

In the late 1940s, US 301 was extended again, south all the way to Tampa, Floridamarker. In South Carolina it ran along U.S. Route 15 southwest to Santee, South Carolinamarker and replaced S.C. Highway 4 west to Orangeburg, South Carolinamarker. From Orangeburg, US 301 ran southwest with U.S. Route 601 to Bamberg, South Carolinamarker, replaced S.C. Highway 33 to Ulmer, South Carolinamarker, replaced S.C. Highway 508 to Allendale, South Carolinamarker, and replaced S.C. Highway 73 to the Georgiamarker state line. In Georgia, US 301 was marked along State Route 73 to Glennville, Georgiamarker, State Route 23 to Folkston, Georgiamarker, and State Route 4 to the border with Floridamarker, numbers that it still has today. In Florida it ran along State Road 15 to Callahan, Floridamarker, State Road 200 to Ocala, Floridamarker, State Road 25/State Road 500 to Belleview, Floridamarker, State Road 35 to Dade City, Floridamarker, State Road 39 to Zephyrhills, Floridamarker, and State Road 41 to Tampa, Floridamarker. As with Georgia, these State Road numbers still exist.

The final extension to the south was made in the early 1950s. US 301 was realigned to turn east on U.S. Route 92/State Road 600 in northern Tampa and south on State Road 43; SR 43 was later extended north to meet State Road 41 at Thonotosassa, Floridamarker. This was done at the same time as U.S. Route 541 was eliminated and U.S. Route 41 was moved onto the former US 541 south of Tampa; US 301 ran along what had been US 41. This extension took US 301 south to Palmetto, Floridamarker along SR 43/former US 41, south on State Road 45/US 41 over the Manatee River into Bradenton, Floridamarker (replaced 1957 by a new bridge to the east on State Road 55), and south on State Road 683 to end at SR 45/US 41 in Sarasota, Floridamarker.

In 1960, US 301 was extended to its greatest extent, Sarasota, Floridamarker to Farnhurst, Delaware. The part from near Bowie, Marylandmarker north to Baltimore, Marylandmarker reverted to Maryland Route 3, and US 301 was extended east along U.S. Route 50 from near Bowie over the Chesapeake Bay Bridgemarker to Queenstown, Marylandmarker. There it split to the northeast, replacing Maryland Route 71 to the Delawaremarker state line. In Delaware, it continued concurrent with Delaware Route 71 to Middletown, Delawaremarker. There it split into a one-way pair on two two-way roads. US 301 northbound turned east at Middletown along Delaware Route 299, then running north on U.S. Route 13 to its end at Farnhurst, Delaware at Interstate 295 - the Delaware Memorial Bridge approach. Southbound US 301 began at the same place, but only used US 13 to the DE 71 junction near Red Lion, Delaware. From there it followed DE 71 all the way to Maryland, rejoining northbound at Middletown. In the early 1970s, the northbound alignment was modified, continuing north on Middletown with DE 71 across the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal on the Summit Bridgemarker. After crossing the canal it continued north on Delaware Route 896 to Glasgow, Delawaremarker, where it turned east with U.S. Route 40 to its merge with US 13 at State Road, Delaware. In the mid-1980s, both directions were moved to run east from Mount Pleasant, Delaware to U.S. Route 13. Then in 1992, AASHTO approved relocating both directions to the path northbound had followed, joining US 40 at Glasgow. Signage currently now indicates that US 301 ends there, but on November 14, 2006, the Delaware Dept. of Transportation (DelDOT) announced that a new four-lane US 301 bypass will be built. The bypass, which had been proposed since the 1950s, would go west of Middletownmarker, alleviating traffic conditions in the small town, and then travel in a northeasterly direction, intersecting the current Delaware Route 896 near Boyds Corner and then terminate at Delaware Route 1 near the highway's Biddles Corner toll plaza. A spur route, also following the old 1960's highway route, will connect US 301 with the four-lane Summit Bridgemarker just south of Glasgow. When built, the road, like Delaware Route 1 and I-95, will charge a toll to cover the costs of building the new bypass, which is heavily used by trucks between Philadelphiamarker and the Washington, D.C.marker metro areas.

Bannered routes



References

  1. DOT considering bypass for downtown Starke
  2. The Highways of South Carolina, US 301
  3. Excerpt:
  4. Rand McNally, Florida, 1947, distributed by Sinclair Oil
  5. URL provided is an archive search


External links




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