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U.S. Route 41 is a north-south United States Highway that runs from the Upper Peninsula of Michiganmarker to Miami, Floridamarker. Until 1949, the part in southern Floridamarker, from Naplesmarker to Miami, was U.S. Route 94, which presently has the hidden designation of State Road 90 in addition to its signed number, U.S. 41.

The highway's northern terminus is east of Copper Harbor, Michiganmarker, at a modest cul-de-sac near Fort Wilkins Historic State Parkmarker at the tip of the Keweenaw Peninsula on Lake Superiormarker in the state's Upper Peninsulamarker. Its southern terminus is in Miami, Floridamarker, at an intersection with Brickell Avenue (U.S. Route 1).

It closely parallels Interstate 75 from Naples, Floridamarker, all the way through Georgiamarker to Chattanooga, Tennesseemarker.

Route description

Florida

In Florida, U.S. 41 is paralled by Interstate 75 all the way from Georgiamarker (on the northern border) to Miamimarker, and I-75 has largely supplanted U.S. 41 as a major highway.

Between Miami and Naples, US 41 runs through the vast Evergladesmarker wilderness. This section has been designated a National Scenic Byway. The byway runs east-west along most of this stretch through the Big Cypress National Preservemarker, skirting the northern border of the Everglades National Parkmarker for about . This section of the highway is known as the Tamiami Trail (derived from the combination of Tampa and Miami, the road's two termini).

US 41 is in the process of being widened throughout the northern Tampa Bay suburbs. It is currently six-lanes wide between Tampamarker, Lutz, Floridamarker, and much of Land O' Lakesmarker, and again between Garden Grove and Brooksville, Floridamarker. It is also four lanes wide in Tampa south of BUS US 41, between a section north of Land O' Lakes, Masaryktownmarker, and Garden Grove, Florida, and south of Inverness, Floridamarker. A large portion of US 41 is co-designated along the unmarked Florida State Road 45 between Belle Meade and High Springs, Floridamarker.

From US 92 in Tampamarker to US 41 Business and State Road 676 near the unincorporated Palm River-Clair Melmarker, US 41 carries the unsigned State Road 599 designation. It contains the northwestern end of the Tamiami Trail at the SR 60 intersection. It is normally three lanes wide, but between Interstate 4 and the northern terminus of SR 569 is only two lanes wide. The unsigned state highway is long. At the northern terminus, US 41 turns west. (If one continues straight, 40th Street leads to Busch Gardens Africamarker.) Major intersections include State Road 574, SR 569, I-4, SR 60, and the Lee Roy Selmon Crosstown Expressway (SR 618).

In Northern Florida, US 41 runs along the DeSoto Trail between Lake City, Floridamarker and High Springsmarker, and again between Willistonmarker and Floral Citymarker.

Georgia

In Georgia, U.S. 41 is paralleled by Interstate 75 all the way from Tennesseemarker to Floridamarker, and I-75 has largely supplanted US 41 as a major highway.

In Atlantamarker, Highway 41 was formerly carried on Spring Street near Five Pointsmarker, but it has long been re-routed via Northside Drive around the downtown area. (It was a major truck route.) The Georgia Domemarker, Georgia World Congress Centermarker and Philips Arenamarker are located off Northside Drive. South of Atlanta, Metropolitan Parkway and Tara Boulevard carry the highway, along with its co-signed partner U.S. Route 19, toward Griffinmarker. North of Atlanta, the stretch of Highway 41 between Atlanta and Mariettamarker was the first four-laned highway in Georgia when it was completed in 1938. Now, the Northside Parkway and the Cobb Parkway carry US 41 through northern Fulton and Cobb counties. This thoroughfare is the home of Cumberland Mallmarker, the Cobb Galleriamarker and the Six Flags White Watermarker amusement park. US 41 also passes through the Georgia cities and towns of Daltonmarker, Griffinmarker, Maconmarker, Perrymarker, Cordelemarker, Tiftonmarker, and Valdostamarker. Valdosta is the last major stop before reaching Florida. The Atlanta Motor Speedwaymarker is located on U.S. 19 and 41 in Hamptonmarker. U.S. 41 has been re-routed in Barnesvillemarker and been designated as a truck route and possible industrial area.

Tennessee

In Tennessee, U.S. 41 is paralleled by Interstate 24 all the way from Georgiamarker to Kentucky, and I - 24 has largely supplanted U.S. 41 as a major highway, especially for large and heavy vehicles, such as tractor-trailer trucks and buses.

U.S. 41, joined by U.S. 76, enters Tennessee east of Interstate 75 on the outskirts of East Ridge, Tennesseemarker. It is called "Ringgold Road" through East Ridge up to the Bachman Tunnel, where it enters Chattanoogamarker. In Chattanooga, U.S. 41/U.S. 76 becomes Westside Drive up to the intersection with Dodds Avenue, where for a short distance it is coexistent with Dodds Avenue. Then U.S. 41/76 becomes East Main Street in downtown Chattanooga up to the intersection with Broad Street (U.S. 11/U.S. 64). At that point U.S. 76 terminates, U.S. 72 begins, and the now-U.S. 41/U.S. 76 merges with U.S. 11/U.S. 64, trekking southwestward around the base of Lookout Mountainmarker into the Tiftonia community. Just west of Tiftonia, U.S. 11 splits off, and it veers southwestward into Georgiamarker. The now-U.S. 41/64/72 takes a westward path from Hamilton Countymarker into Marion Countymarker. U.S. 41 breaks off from 64 & 72 at Jasper and joins with Tennessee State Hwy 150 before climbing the mountains. U.S. 41 leaves TN 150 and joins with TN 56 at Tracy City and runs southwest into Monteagle.

After reaching Monteagle, US-41, included as part of the older Dixie Highway, continues northwest into Pelham, in Grundy County, then runs closely parallel with I - 24 into Coffee Countymarker, going through Hillsboro, Manchestermarker (where the road is also named Hillsboro Blvd) and Beech Grove, before entering Rutherford Countymarker. From there, the highway continues diagonally through Murfreesboromarker (where the road is also named Broad St.), where the Dixie Highway joins up with US 70S. The Stones River National Battlefieldmarker is located very near US 41/70S on the northwest side, standing as a monument of the Battle of Stones Rivermarker which took place during the American Civil War. U.S. 41/70S continues northwest through Smyrna, Tennesseemarker, and LaVergne before reaching Davidson Countymarker. The road passes through Antioch, Tennessee, before reaching Nashvillemarker, where US 41 separates from US-70S. The road goes through Nashville as Murfreesboro Rd, then Dickerson Pike, and comes out on the northeast side of the city joined with US-31W. US 41 continues northeast through Goodlettsville before breaking away from US-31W. Highway 41 then goes northwest and continues on into Robertson County, going through Springfieldmarker before heading west/northwest to the Kentucky border. Just before reaching Kentucky, US 41 briefly runs through Montgomery County.

Kentucky

In Kentuckymarker, U.S. 41 runs from just north of the Ohio River to Guthrie, Kentuckymarker in Todd Countymarker. There is a more than century-old border dispute between Indianamarker and Kentucky that is reflected by the route of U.S. 41. This route is one of the few places where the Kentucky/Indiana border deviates from the Ohio River.

After crossing the river, U.S. 41 passes John James Audubon State Parkmarker, and passes slightly east of the city of Hendersonmarker. The route then crosses into Webster Countymarker, where it passes through the town of Sebreemarker. Next, it crosses into Hopkins Countymarker and passes through Slaughtersmarker, Hansonmarker, Madisonvillemarker, Earlingtonmarker, and Nortonvillemarker. It then goes into Christianmarker County and Todd County.

In Madisonvillemarker U.S. Route 41 branches off into a more Western route named US 41-A or Alternate 41 (only one of several alternate routes on U.S. Route 41) that winds through Webster Countymarker, passing through Providencemarker and Dixonmarker before rejoining U.S. Route 41 in Hendersonmarker.

Indiana

In the state of Indianamarker, U.S. 41 runs from the Ohio River south of Evansvillemarker to Chicagomarker with U.S. Routes 12 and 20 beneath the termini of the Chicago Skywaymarker and the Indiana Toll Road. This is a distance of approximately 382 miles (615 km).

For its entire length north of Evansville, U.S. 41 passes through largely rural portions of far western Indiana. It overlaps U.S. Routes 150 and 52 through some of these areas. U.S. 41 is also the main north-south road through Terre Hautemarker, the largest city on U.S. 41 between Evansville and Chicago. However north of Terre Haute, U.S. 41 becomes a secondary road, passing through smaller towns such as Rockville and Attica on the east side of the Wabash River. Indiana State Road 63 is the main route north of Terre Haute in this area since it is a four-lane highway on the west side of the Wabash River. U.S. 41 returns to a four-lane divided highway just south of Boswellmarker where S.R. 63 ends, staying as such until reaching Cedar Lakemarker. From Cedar Lake north to the Illinois state line, U.S. 41 is a well-travelled road with numerous stoplights, with the exception of the mile-stretch where it overlaps Interstate 80/94.

Illinois

US 41 enters Illinoismarker cosigned with US 12 and US 20 on Indianapolis Avenue beneath the Chicago Skywaymarker. At the Illinois–Indiana state line, US 41 enters Chicagomarker city limits. The three US routes run together for a few miles until US 12 and 20 separate from each other on the far south side. US 41 then runs along numerous small streets to Jackson Park, where US 41 turns north onto Lake Shore Drivemarker, passing through Chicago's lakefront area as it runs along the western shore of Lake Michiganmarker and past downtown Chicago.

On the north side of the city at Foster Avenue, US 41 separates from Lake Shore Drive. At Broadway, US 41 intersects the eastern terminus of US 14. US 41 continues along local roads in the northern part of the city to Skokie Boulevard, where US 41 turns north and parallels Interstate 94.

In the northern suburbs of Chicago, US 41 joins I-94 north for a short distance before splitting from the expressway and continuing north as the Skokie Highway for roughly to a point near the Wisconsinmarker border. Just south of the border, US 41 rejoins I-94. The two co-signed routes continue northward into Wisconsin.

Wisconsin

In Wisconsinmarker, U.S. Route 41 runs north and south along the eastern edge of the state. It enters from Illinois at Pleasant Prairiemarker and is concurrent with Interstate 94 north to Milwaukeemarker. From Milwaukee, it runs northwest to Fond du Lacmarker and Oshkoshmarker, then northeast to Appletonmarker and Green Baymarker. The route is a major access point for Miller Parkmarker, home of the Milwaukee Brewers, the EAA AirVenture Oshkosh air show in Oshkoshmarker, and for Lambeau Fieldmarker, home of the Green Bay Packers. Beyond Green Bay, US 41 continues on to Ocontomarker and Peshtigomarker before reaching the Michigan border at Marinettemarker.

US 41 is a freeway for nearly 70% of its length through Wisconsin, with exceptions including a stretch in Milwaukee (Lisbon and Appleton avenues) and an expressway section north of Green Bay.

Michigan

In the U.S. state of Michiganmarker, US 41 is a state trunkline highway that enters the state via the Interstate Bridge between Marinette, Wisconsinmarker and Menominee, Michiganmarker. Along its route, US 41 serves as a major conduit for Michigan traffic. The route from the southern terminus to downtown Houghtonmarker is part of the National Highway System. The trunkline comprises mostly two lanes, undivided except for sections that are concurrent with US 2 near Escanabamarker or M-28 near Marquettemarker. US 41/M-28 is a four-lane expressway along the "Marquette Bypass", and segments of the highway in Deltamarker and Marquettemarker counties have four lanes. and the Copper Country Trail National Scenic Byway. The trunkline ends at a cul-de-sac east of Fort Wilkins State Parkmarker in Copper Harbormarker, serving the Central Upper Peninsulamarker and Copper Country.

Along the route, US 41 passes through farm fields, forest lands, and along the Lake Superiormarker shoreline. The highway is included in the Lake Superior Circle Tour and the Lake Michigan Circle Tour. It also passes through the Hiawatha National Forest and the Keweenaw National Historical Park. Historical landmarks along the trunkline include the Marquette Branch Prisonmarker, Peshekee River Bridgemarker and the Quincy Minemarker.

History

When their routes were originally laid out in 1926, U.S. 41's southern endpoint was in Naples, Floridamarker, at the western endpoint of U.S. 94, which ran east to Miami. In 1949, U.S. 94 was decommissioned, and the entire route became part of U.S. 41, giving it an east-west section that retained the hidden SR 90 designation. The former US 94 ended in Miamimarker at the same intersection where U.S. 41 (and SR 90) do now. In 1953, U.S. 41 was extended along US 1 and State Road A1A to terminate in Miami Beach, Floridamarker, but it was truncated back to the earlier terminus in 2000.

Prior to 1993, when the Florida Department of Transportation color-coded U.S. highways in Florida, the color used for U.S. 41 was orange.

US 41 initially took a more westerly route between Nashville, Tennesseemarker and Hopkinsville, Kentuckymarker. The current U.S. 41 was U.S. Route 241. In 1930, the two routes became U.S. Routes 41W and 41E, but in 1943 the western route became U.S. Route 41 Alternate, with the main U.S. 41 moving to the east route.

In July 2005, efforts started in Congress to re-designate U.S. 41 between Milwaukeemarker and Green Bay, Wisconsinmarker as Interstate 41. The new Interstate would also include U.S. Route 45 between current U.S. 41 and the intersection with Interstate 94 and Interstate 894. It is believed that U.S. 41 at that time would then be re-routed to remain concurrent with I-41.

Major intersections



Bannered routes

Alternate routes

As of 2005, Alternate US 41 (signed "41A") has a northern terminus in Hopkinsville, Kentuckymarker, 10 miles (16 km) north of the Tennesseemarker line. It serves the city of Clarksville, Tennesseemarker on its way to Nashvillemarker, where it briefly runs concurrently with US 41. It then separates again to serve Shelbyvillemarker, Winchestermarker, and Tullahomamarker before rejoining the main route atop Monteagle Mountainmarker. US 41A runs west of US 41 for its entire length, aside from one mile in downtown Nashvillemarker, where they are concurrent. US-41A is also concurrent with US-31A (the alternate route of U.S. Route 31) from Nashvillemarker to Triune, Tennessee, for a distance of approximately .

Business loops and spurs



See also

Related routes



References

  1. Estimated distance via Rand McNally 2004 U.S. Road Atlas.


External links




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