U.S. Route 9 is a major U.S. highway in the northeast United States. US 9 runs from Laurel, Delaware, to the Canadian
border near Champlain, New
York, but plays a major role in the state of New Jersey, running from the southern tip of the state in
May to the George Washington Bridge in Fort Lee.
There are two distinct sections of U.S. 9 south of the
concurrency, with Toms River being the dividing point.
South of there,
the highway is mostly a two-lane surface road that often closely
parallels, and twice joins, the Garden State Parkway
. North of Toms River,
it moves westward, much farther inland, to serve Freehold and central Monmouth
County, becoming a four-lane commercial strip in the
Cape May to Toms River
Cape May County
Ferry dock, US 9, now signed as a north-south route,
continues its eastward course as Lincoln Boulevard along the south
edge of North Cape May.
It becomes Sandman Boulevard as it leaves
Spring, it meets its first New Jersey state highway where
Seashore Road heads off to the left. But drivers are not
aware of this, since NJ 162 is not signed. At the next
intersection, Sandman continues as NJ 109, the former route of US 9 into
May prior to the inclusion of the ferry link.
itself turns left along Shore Road to begin its northward trek
through the low-lying, often swampy
of the cape.
miles (6.4 km) to the north, at Rio Grande
it intersects NJ
, which runs up the west bank of the cape, then NJ 147
another beyond that. Both of
these are main roads to the Wildwoods
popular resort communities at the south end of the Jersey Shore
, interchanging with the Parkway
not too far to the east, and a mile north of 147 9 draws alongside
the Parkway as it passes Wildwood Golf and Country
. Shortly after pulling away from the Parkway
once again, the highway meets its first large community, Cape May
Court House, the county
The next state highway junction comes at Clermont
, where NJ 83
splits off to the northwest. Five
miles (9 km) further on, at Seaville
, NJ 50
intersects. Development becomes
more constant alongside the road as Route 9 reaches Marmora. In Marmora, through-traffic northbound on US
9 must turn right onto Roosevelt Boulevard and then get onto the
Garden State Parkway to cross
the Great Egg
Harbor River on the similarly named bridge. Beyond Roosevelt Boulevard, US 9 continues
as a local street (Shore Road) into Beesleys
Point, where it draws closer to the Parkway to a dead end
at the Beesley's Point Generating
Station. In the past, Route 9 crossed the Great Egg
Harbor River next to the bridge of the same name, into Atlantic County along the privately-owned and tolled Beesley's Point Bridge, which has
been closed since 2004 because of a crumbling deck.
pre-2004 alignment is expected to be restored in 2012 after the
bridge deck is repaired.
other side of the Great Egg Harbor River, US 9 merges on and off the Garden State Parkway at
Exit 29. Now called New Road, it intersects NJ 52 and goes through Somers
Point, then Linwood and Northfield, suburbs of Atlantic City. At the next, Pleasantville, it intersects US 40/US 322, main surface routes to
Almost a mile beyond comes its interchange
with the Atlantic City
, the toll road
major east-west artery from Atlantic City to the rest of the state,
US 30 (White Horse
Pike), crosses US 9 two miles (3 km) ahead in Absecon.
A mile north of here, NJ 157
, US 9's former alignment into
Absecon, comes in from the south as the route drops New Road for
first East Wyoming Avenue and then North Shore Road. It at first
trends eastward through greener surrounding country, coming further
from the Parkway than it has yet and as close to the ocean as it
ever will. Then, after Absecon Highlands, it begins a
westerly curve once again, and resumes the New Road designation,
then becoming North New York Road at Smithville.
The land gets much more forested until,
just before the flats around the Mullica
, US 9 merges onto the Parkway. This river crossing
takes the two roads into Burlington County.
Shortly before crossing the smaller Bass River
, 9 exits the Parkway.
section finds it on the eastern edge of the Pine
Barrens, the vast natural area of the interior of South Jersey.
While the land around the
highway is consistently developed and populated, the presence of
the scrubby pines that give the region its name is noticeable
despite frequent clearings for buildings.
exit, it meanders eastward a few miles, then crosses a small creek
into Little Egg Harbor Township in Ocean County. Two miles Farther,
the roadway enters Tuckerton. After the latter, it resumes a straight
north-northeast bearing, following the Parkway, Again into Little
Egg Harbor Township and then into Eagleswood and Stafford Township. At Manahawkin, the next community along the route, NJ 72, the main route to Long Beach
Island, crosses above at a cloverleaf interchange.
Manahawkin, US 9, now North Main Street, comes to first Barnegat, the small town named for the vast nearby bay. After Waretown, the road passes the Oyster
Creek Nuclear Generating Station, one of New Jersey's three nuclear power plants.
island and water around this stretch gave its name to the next
River. The land gets more built up into another
Shore community, Lanoka Harbor, and US 9 takes the name Atlantic City
Boulevard. At Bayville, US 9 turns left and heads
more westerly into Beachwood, where another former routing, NJ 166, heads north.
Continuing into South Toms
River, it again rejoins the Parkway.
Toms River to US 1
Joined with the Parkway, US 9 intersects the busy regional artery
at Exit 82, then leaves
the Parkway again at the next exit, just before the Toms River
. This will be the last the
two roads see of each other for 40 miles (64 km).
Route 9 heads north along Lakewood Road, trending westward, then
resumes a due northward course into the intersection with NJ 70
, main route between the Shore and
the Philadelphia area
. After this junction,
it takes the name River Avenue as it gradually comes into Lakewood, where NJ 88
reaches its western terminus at the road.
In Lakewood, Route
9 is known as Madison Avenue. Just past the busy downtown and shopping
centers, US 9 enters Monmouth County when it crosses the North Branch of Metedeconk Creek.
widens to a four-lane divided route here, similar to those found
elsewhere in New Jersey, in growing Howell
Township. This strip is interrupted first by US 9's
interchange with Interstate
195, where 9 begins a marked northwestward slant, then the
interchange with the NJ 33
freeway and NJ 79 at Freehold, Monmouth's county seat.
The intersection with Business 33
was formerly the
location of the Freehold Circle
was eliminated, like many of New Jersey's traffic
. It is now a 6 lane road with traffic lights
for Business 33, Manalapan Ave and the Freehold
Raceway Mall. Past it, Route 9 runs west of Freehold and
trends further west as development alongside the highway becomes
almost constant, a sign it is entering the southern extents of the
Manalapan and Marlboro give way, just before the junction with the
NJ 18 freeway, to Middlesex
County and Old Bridge. Route 9 begins running due north again as it
picks up NJ 34 and comes into
Sayreville, where the Parkway returns at its Exit
123. US 9 does not join it here, continuing
instead for almost a mile to its junction with NJ 35, beginning a 1.5-mile (3 km)
concurrency as it continues into South Amboy.
spans of the Driscoll and Edison bridges loom ahead as 35 leaves at the former
Victory Circle. US 9 continues via
the Edison Bridge, just east of the Parkway again, over the
Raritan River into Woodbridge.
A complicated routing through the
interchange with Interstate
Parkway's lanes in the middle of US 9's, until the latter breaks to
the northeast after a mile. Following a cloverleaf junction with
minor route NJ 184
, the highway
crosses over the Parkway-New Jersey
access road just east of the toll plaza and then the
Turnpike itself. A mile (1.6 km) beyond, past several office parks
and residential neighborhoods including the Woodbridge Center
, US 9 reaches and joins
The US 1/9 concurrency
with U.S. Route 1, the two highways run
along the west side of Newark
Liberty International Airport and over the Pulaski Skyway to Jersey City. From there, they run north on surface
streets to Palisades Park and merge with an old freeway served by U.S. Route
. The three U.S. highways run concurrently
east from there to Interstate 95 and the George
Washington Bridge toll plaza.
US 46 ends at the state line in
the middle of the bridge, whereas I-95 and US 1 and 9 continue over
the bridge into New York. US 9 exits I-95 just after entering Manhattan to head north on Broadway.
The southern terminus of U.S. Route 9 has changed several times in
its history. When it was first designated in 1926, its terminus was
at its junction with U.S. Route 30 in Absecon. In 1932, it was extended to Cape
May, and the section near Absecon was rerouted.
(The original alignment is now Route 157
, and US 9's original southern
terminus is now the terminus of Route 157.) From 1932 to 1979, US 9
followed what is now Route 109
to downtown Cape May, and terminated there. In 1979, US 9 was
routed over the Cape May-Lewes Ferry – its original alignment into
Cape May became Route 109, and U.S. Route 9 was extended west to Laurel,
New York City did not sign U.S. Routes within its limits until
1934, which leads to some confusion regarding US 9's historical
northern terminus. When the U.S. highways were first signed in
1926, US 9 east of the Hudson River in
York was signed as U.S. Route
. Because US 9E did not continue south through New York City
to reconnect with US 9, the state of New Jersey signed its section
of U.S. Route 9W as US 9, putting its northern
terminus at the state line near Sparkill, New York at present day New York State Route 340.
current US 9W was completed, and the northern terminus became the
state line at Alpine,
New Jersey.) In 1931, the state of New Jersey began signing
U.S. Route 9 through the Holland
Tunnel via present-day Route 139, putting its northern
terminus at Jersey City (and extending US 9W south to Jersey
In 1934, the City of New York began to sign U.S.
Routes through the city, and signed US 9 along the George
Washington Bridge, thus New Jersey shifted US 9 and US 9W onto
their present alignments.
There is one remaining bannered spur
of US 9 in the
state of New Jersey:
The following state highways were also formerly designated as
bannered spurs of US 9:
Additionally, the following state highways are former alignments of
U.S. Route 9: