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The UEFA Intertoto Cup, also abbreviated as UI Cup and originally called the International Football Cup, was a summer football competition for European clubs that have not qualified for one of the two major UEFA competitions, the Champions League and the UEFA Cup. The competition was discontinued after the 2008 tournament. Teams who originally would have entered the Intertoto Cup directly enter in the qualifying stages of the UEFA Europa League from this point.

The tournament was founded in 1961–62, but was only taken over by UEFA in 1995.

Any club who wished to participate had to apply for entry, with the highest placed club (by league position in their domestic league) at the end of the season entering the competition. The club didn't necessarily have to be ranked directly below the clubs which had qualified for another UEFA competition; if the club which was in that position did not apply, they would not be eligible to compete, with the place instead going to the club which did apply.

The cup billed itself as providing both an opportunity for clubs who otherwise would not get the chance to enter the UEFA Cup and as an opportunity for sports lotteries (or pools) to continue during the summer. This reflects its background, which was as a tournament solely for football pools. In 1995, the tournament came under official UEFA sanctioning and UEFA Cup qualification places were granted. Initially, two were provided; this was increased to three after one year; but in 2006, it was again increased to the final total of 11.

History

The Intertoto Cup was the idea of the later FIFAmarker vice-president and founder of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, Ernst B. Thommen, and the Austrian coach Karl Rappan, who coached the Swiss national team at the 1938 FIFA World Cup and the Austrian national team at the 1954 World Cup. The "Cup for the Cupless" was also heavily promoted by the Swiss newspaper Sport. It derived its name from Toto, the German term for Football pools.

Thommen, who had set up football betting pools in Switzerlandmarker in 1932, had a major interest in having purposeful matches played in the summer break. UEFA were initially disinclined to support the tournament, finding its betting background distasteful; nevertheless they permitted the new tournament but refrained from getting officially involved. Clubs which qualified for one of the official continental competitions, such as the European Champions Cup and Cup Winners Cup, were not allowed to participate.

The first tournament was held in 1961 as the International Football Cup (IFC). Initially the Cup had a group stage, which led to knock-out matches culminating in a final. By 1967, it had become difficult to organize the games, and so the knock-out rounds and the final were scrapped, leaving the tournament without a single winner. Instead, group winners received prizes of CHF10,000-15,000.

By 1995, UEFA had reconsidered its opinion, took official control of the tournament and changed its format. Initially, two winners were given a place in the UEFA Cup. The success of one of the first winners, Bordeaux, in reaching the final of the 1995–96 UEFA Cup encouraged UEFA to add a third UEFA Cup place in 1996.

Many clubs dislike the competition and see it as disruptive in the preparation for the new season. As a consequence, they do not nominate themselves for participation even if entitled. In particular, following its 1995 relaunch, clubs in Englandmarker were skeptical about the competition; after initially being offered three places in the cup, all English top division teams rejected the chance to take part. Following the threat of bans of English teams from all UEFA competitions, the situation was eventually resolved with three English clubs entering weakened teams, and none of them qualifying.

In following years, UEFA made it possible for nations to forfeit Intertoto places. For example, in 1998, Scotlandmarker, San Marinomarker and Moldovamarker forfeited their places, and England, Portugalmarker, and Greecemarker forfeited one of their two, Crystal Palace being the sole English entrant despite finishing bottom of the Premiership. Other clubs have built upon their success in the UI Cup, following it up with great campaigns in the UEFA Cup. Furthermore, UEFA rejected this assertion that the tournament is disruptive. They point out that in the 2004–05 season, two of the three 2004 Intertoto Cup winners went on to qualify for the Champions League.

In December 2007, following the election of new UEFA president Michel Platini, it was announced that the Intertoto Cup would be abolished as of 2009. This was a part of a range of changes that were to be made to the UEFA Cup/Champions League System. Instead of teams qualifying for the Intertoto Cup, they will now qualify directly for the qualifying stages of the UEFA Europa League, which will be expanded to four rounds to accommodate them.

Format

When the competition was taken over by UEFA in 1995, the format was both a group stage and a knock-out stage; 60 teams were split into 12 groups of five with the 16 best teams then contesting the knock-out stage with two-legged ties at each stage, the two winning finalists qualifying for the UEFA Cup. In 1996 and 1997, just the 12 group winners entered the knock-out round, with now three finalists advancing. Nations were allocated places according to their UEFA coefficients, much as with other UEFA tournaments.

The group stage was scrapped for the 1998 tournament, which became a straight knock-out tournament, with clubs from more successful nations entering at a later stage. This arrangement lasted until 2005.

From the 2006 tournament, the format for the Cup changed. There were three rounds instead of the previous five, and the 11 winning teams from the third round went through to the second qualifying round of the UEFA Cup. For the first time since the 1960s, there is provision for an actual trophy – whichever sides go furthest in the UEFA Cup will each be awarded a trophy. The first winners were Newcastle United, who won the 2006 tournament outright by going further in the UEFA Cup 2006–07 than the other ten qualifiers.

Only one team from each national association will be allowed to enter. However, should one or more nations not take up their place, the possibility has been left open for nations to have a second entrant. Seedings and entry are determined by each association. Teams from the weakest federations enter at the first round stage, while those from mid-level federations enter in the second round, and those from the strongest federations enter in the third round.

Winners

2006–2008

Listed are all 11 teams that won the third round matches, qualifying them for the UEFA Cup. The outright winners (determined by their UEFA Cup performance) are marked in bold.
Year Overall winners Other Third round winners
2008 Braga Aston Villa Deportivo La Coruña Stuttgart Rosenborgmarker Napoli
Rennes Vaslui Elfsborg Grasshopper Sturm Graz
2007 Hamburg Atlético Madrid AaBmarker Sampdoria Blackburn Roversmarker Lens
União de Leiria Rapid Wien Hammarby Oţelul Galaţi Tobol
2006 Newcastle United Auxerre Grasshopper OB Marseille Hertha BSC
Kayserispor Ethnikos Achna Twente Ried Maribor


1995–2005

The results shown are the aggregate total over two legs.
Year Winners Runners-Up Result
2005 Hamburg Valencia 1 – 0
Lens CFR Cluj 4 – 2
Marseille Deportivo La Coruña 5 – 3
2004 Lille União de Leiria 2 – 0 (after extra time)
Schalke 04 Slovan Liberec 3 – 1
Villarreal Atlético Madrid 2 – 2 (3 – 1 on penalties)
2003 Schalke 04 Pasching 2 – 0
Villarreal Heerenveen 2 – 1
Perugia Wolfsburg 3 – 0
2002 Málaga Villarreal 2 – 1
Fulham Bologna 5 – 3
Stuttgart Lille 2 – 1
2001 Aston Villa Basel 5 – 2
Paris Saint-Germain Brescia 1 – 1 (away goals)
Troyes Newcastle United 4 – 4 (away goals)
2000 Udinese Sigma Olomouc 6 – 4
Celta de Vigo Zenit St. Petersburg 4 – 3
Stuttgart Auxerre 3 – 1
1999 Montpellier Hamburg 2 – 2 (3 – 0 on penalties)
Juventus Rennes 4 – 2
West Ham United Metz 3 – 2
1998 Valencia Austria Salzburg 4 – 1
Werder Bremen Vojvodinamarker 2 – 1
Bologna Ruch Chorzów 3 – 0
1997 Bastia Halmstad 2 – 1
Lyon Montpellier 4 – 2
Auxerre Duisburg 2 – 0
1996 Karlsruhe Standard Liège 3 – 2
Guingamp Rotor Volgograd 2 – 2 (away goals)
Silkeborg Segesta 2 – 2 (away goals)
1995 Strasbourg Tirol Innsbruck 7 – 2
Bordeaux Karlsruhe 4 – 2


1967–94

During this time there were no competition winners, as only group stages were contested.

1960s 1967 1968 1969
1970s 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979
1980s 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
1990s 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994


1961–67

The results shown are the aggregate total over two legs unless otherwise noted.
Season Winners Runner-Up Results
1966–67 Eintracht Frankfurt Inter Bratislava 4 – 3
1965–66 Lokomotive Leipzig IFK Norrköping 4 – 1
1964–65 Polonia Bytommarker Leipzig 5 – 4
1963–64 Slovnaft Bratislava Polonia Bytommarker 1 – 0*
1962–63 Slovnaft Bratislava Padova 1 – 0*
1961–62 Ajax Feyenoord 4 – 2*
* - Single match finals (although 1962–63 has been unofficially reported as over two legs)
Slovnaft Bratislava is the same club as Inter Bratislava (renamed), while Leipzig were renamed Lokomotive Leipzig.

Winners by nation

From 2006 onwards, the final round was no longer termed as the "Final", but instead simply as the "Third Round". In addition, there were 11 winners, compared to three under the old system. The club which progressed furthest in the UEFA Cup were declared overall winners. The Third Round winners and losers from 2006 are included in this table. Teams which are in bold have been overall winners.Spainmarker
Nation Winners Runners-Up Winning Clubs Runner-Up Clubs
Francemarker 16 5 Auxerre (2), Bastia, Bordeaux, Guingamp, Lens (2), Lille, Lyon, Marseille (2), Montpellier, Paris Saint-Germain, Rennes, Strasbourg, Troyes Auxerre, Lille, Metz, Montpellier, Rennes
Germanymarker 11 4 Frankfurt, Hamburg (2), Hertha BSC, Karlsruhe, Schalke 04 (2), Stuttgart (3), Werder Bremen Duisburg, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Wolfsburg
7 5 Celta de Vigo, Málaga, Valencia, Villarreal (2), Atlético Madrid, Deportivo La Coruña Atlético Madrid, Deportivo La Coruña, Valencia, Villarreal (2)
Italymarker 6 3 Bologna, Juventus, Napoli, Perugia, Sampdoria, Udinese Bologna, Brescia, Padova
Englandmarker 6 1 Aston Villa (2), Blackburn Rovers, Fulham, Newcastle United, West Ham United Newcastle United
Austriamarker 3 3 Rapid Wien, Ried, Sturm Graz Tirol Innsbruck, Pasching, Austria Salzburg
Denmarkmarker 3 1 AaB, OB, Silkeborg OB
Netherlandsmarker 2 4 Ajax, Twente Feyenoord, Heerenveen, NAC Breda, Utrecht
Romaniamarker 2 3 Oţelul Galaţi, Vaslui CFR Cluj, Farul Constanţa, Gloria Bistriţa
Swedenmarker 2 3 Elfsborg, Hammarby Halmstad, IFK Norrköping, Kalmar
Czechoslovakiamarker 2 1 Inter Bratislava (2) Inter Bratislava
Portugalmarker 2 1 Braga, União de Leiria União de Leiria
Switzerlandmarker 2 1 Grasshopper (2) Basel
Polandmarker 1 2 Polonia Bytom Polonia Bytom, Ruch Chorzów
Turkeymarker 1 2 Kayserispor Sivasspor, Trabzonspor
East Germanymarker 1 1 Lokomotive Leipzig Lokomotive Leipzig
Norwaymarker 1 1 Rosenborg Lillestrøm
Cyprusmarker 1 Ethnikos Achna
Kazakhstanmarker 1 Tobol Kostanay
Sloveniamarker 1 Maribor
Russiamarker 5 FC Moscow, Saturn, Rotor Volgograd, Rubin Kazan, Zenit St. Petersburg
Belgiummarker 3 Gent (2), Standard Liège
Greecemarker 3 Larisa, OFI Crete, Panionios
Ukrainemarker 3 Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk, Chornomorets Odessa, Tavriya Simferopol
Bulgariamarker 2 Cherno More Varna, Chernomorets Burgas
Czech Republicmarker 2 Sigma Olomouc, Slovan Liberec
Israelmarker 2 Maccabi Petah Tikva, Bnei Sakhnin
Moldovamarker 2 Dacia Chişinău, Tiraspol
Serbiamarker 2 Vojvodina, Hajduk Kula
Azerbaijanmarker 1 Neftchi Baku
Croatiamarker 1 Segesta
Hungarymarker 1 Budapest Honvéd
Lithuaniamarker 1 Vėtra
Latviamarker 1 Riga
Scotlandmarker 1 Hibernian


See also



References



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