USS Alameda County (LST-32)
was an built
for the United States Navy
World War II
. Named for Alameda County,
California, she was the only U.S.
Naval vessel to bear
laid down on 17 February 1943 at Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania by the Dravo
Corporation; launched on 22 May 1943; sponsored by Miss Dorothy
Manko; and commissioned on 12 July 1943 with Lieutenant
Gardnar P. Mulloy in command.
World War II, 1943–1946
commissioning, LST-32 served as a training platform in Chesapeake Bay until March 1944 when she
crossed the Atlantic
Ocean and entered the Mediterranean Sea. On 1 April, while proceeding in a convoy from
the Algerian coast to the
island of Majorca, she and her
consorts endured a low level attack by a formation of three
German twin-engine bombers.
fire splashed one of them
and drove off the other two. The ship operated into the summer with the
task group that resupplied the Anzio
beachhead. Early in August, she prepared for the
invasion of southern France and, during the landings on 15 August,
was among the LSTs off the Îles d'Hyères as senior radar ship.
She sent two separate radar units ashore on Port Cros
, one on the 15th and the second on the
LST-32 spent the next 10 months carrying supplies and munitions
between various ports in the Mediterranean. In January 1945, she
lifted British troops to
Greece to help suppress a communist attempt to take over the
On the return trip, the vessel rescued about 100
survivors from the Greek ship SS Ionia
wrecked in a storm. She later transported
prisoners, elements of the French
Foreign Legion, railroad cars, and
other vehicles between ports in Italy, France, and
North Africa before returning to the
States at New
York in July 1945. The ship then moved to
Norfolk to undergo repairs and alterations
preparatory to her transfer to the war in the Pacific.
However, the Japanese
in mid-August caused both alterations and
reassignment to be cancelled. Instead, LST-32 remained in the Atlantic
Fleet until July 1946 when she was decommissioned and placed in
reserve at Green Cove Springs, Florida.
6th Fleet, 1951–1962
Reactivated as a part of the Navy's
expansion of its active fleet following the communist invasion of
Korea, the ship was recommissioned on 7 March 1951 with
Lieutenant John W.
Leonard in command and operated with the
Atlantic Fleet Amphibious Force until reassigned to the Atlantic
Fleet Naval Air Force in April 1953. By September, she was
operating out of Naples, Italy,
serving as an advanced base support ship with Air Logistics Support
Division 2. With the exception of occasional voyages to
the United States for alterations and repairs, LST-32 operated in
the Mediterranean Sea for the remainder of her active Navy career
providing the 6th Fleet
with the capability of establishing forward NATO air bases
anywhere in the Mediterranean on short notice.
On 1 July
1955 she received the name USS Alameda County
Most of her missions consisted of training evolutions and
exercises, but once she had the opportunity to put all that
practice to use. Late in October 1956, Israel, Britain, and France retaliated against Egypt after the
latter country had seized the Suez
Canal. In response to the crisis, Alameda
County moved to Suda
Bay, Crete, and had an
emergency air base in operation by 22 November.
until 4 December, she staged United
forces into the troubled area while evacuating
Americans and other foreign nationals. Soon thereafter, she resumed
normal operations out of Naples.
On 28 September 1957 the ship was redesignated Advance Aviation
Base Ship AVB-1
. In July, 1958 Alameda County
again demonstrated her capabilities when United States Marine Corps forces
landed in Lebanon to help stabilize the volatile situation in that
country. She returned to Suda Bay on 14 July and
spent the next three months housing, feeding, rearming, and
refuelling the air squadrons flying support missions for the
marines in Beirut.
landing force departed Lebanon in October, and Alameda
resumed her drills and exercises put of Naples.
On 25 June 1962 Alameda County
was decommissioned at
Naples; and her name was struck from the Naval Vessel Register
on 30 June 1962.
sold to the government of Italy on 20
She served the Italian Navy
as NMM Anteo
until August 1973. Her final fate is
earned two battle
during World War II.
File:LST-32 launch 22 May 1943.jpg|Launch of LST-32, 22 May
1943.Image:LST-32 launching an LCT.jpg|LST-32, launching an
LCT, date and location
unknown.Image:Alameda County AVB-1.jpg|USS
Alameda County (AVB-1) entering the Grand Harbour at Valetta, Malta in