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USS Carteret (APA-70) was a Gilliam-class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II.

Carteret was named after a county in North Carolinamarker. She was launched 15 August 1944 by Consolidated Steel at Wilmington, Californiamarker, under a Maritime Commission contract; acquired by the Navy 2 December 1944; commissioned the next day, Lieutenant Commander J. L. Hunter in command, and reported to the Pacificmarker Fleet.

Operational history

Carteret sailed from San Diegomarker 24 January 1945 carrying troops to Pearl Harbormarker.
Invasion of Iwo Jima
With a call en route at Saipanmarker, she arrived off Iwo Jimamarker to land troops and equipment in the invasion of the bitterly contested island 19 February. She remained off the island to support the hard-fighting Marines until 2 March, when she retired carrying casualties whom she took to Saipan.
Invasion of Okinawa
Carteret then sailed on to Tulagimarker and Espiritu Santomarker, arriving 19 March to load troops and vehicles designated as reinforcements for Okinawamarker.The attack transport reached the Okinawa beachhead 9 April 1945, and for the next seven days followed the pattern of unloading by day, and retirement seaward by night. Unscathed by the fury of the Japanesemarker kamikaze attacks, she returned to Ulithimarker for repairs 23 April.

On 16 May she got underway for Palaumarker, Cebumarker, and San Pedro Baymarker, P.I., at which points she embarked passengers for transportation to San Franciscomarker, where she arrived, 27 June. After brief repairs at Seattle, Washingtonmarker, she sailed 17 July for duty in the redeployment of troops and equipment in the Pacific.

After hostilities

Carteret called at Pearl Harbor, Okinawa, and Leyte, where she embarked occupation troops for Jinsenmarker, Koreamarker. Another voyage from the Philippinesmarker to Jinsen preceded her employment from 24 October 1945 to 2 March 1946 in two voyages from Japan and Okinawa to the west coast returning servicemen.

Operation Crossroads

After special training at Pearl Harbor, Carteret was transferred to JTF-1 for use in the atomic bomb experiments at Bikini Atollmarker, known as Operation Crossroadsmarker, between 28 May and 27 August. Carteret was decommissioned 6 August 1946, and upon the completion of the tests, was towed to Kwajalein for study. There she was sunk by on 19 April 1948.

Carteret received two battle stars for World War II service.

References




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