USS General S.
was a for the U.S. Navy
in World War
. She was named in honor of U.S. Army
general Samuel Davis Sturgis
. She was transferred
to the U.S. Army as USAT General S.
D. Sturgis in
1946. On 1 March 1950 she
was transferred to the Military Sea Transportation
Service (MSTS) as USNS General S.
. She was later sold for commercial
operation under the name SS Green Port,
before being scrapped in 1980.
General S. D. Sturgis was launched under Maritime Commission
contract (MC #661) 12 November 1943 by Kaiser Co., Inc., Yard 3, Richmond,
California; sponsored by Miss Rio Ivanhoe; acquired by the
Navy 31 March 1944; placed in ferry commission 24 April 1944 for
transfer to Portland,
Oregon; decommissioned 25 May 1944; converted to a
transport by Kaiser Co., Inc., Vancouver, Washington; and placed in full commission at Portland, Oreg.,
10 July 1944, Comdr.
D. S. Baker in command.
shakedown calls at San Francisco and Los Angeles, General S. D.
Sturgis arrived Seattle 10 August 1944 to embark cargo, troops, and
passengers before getting underway 8 days later.
debarked troops and supplies at Honolulu 24 August
and returned to San Francisco 2 September with hospital
patients. From 27 September to 6 November the ship made
one round-trip voyage from San Francisco to Pearl Harbor and one from Seattle before returning to San
She sailed from that port 16 November with troops
and supplies bound for the Southwest Pacific. Touching Eniwetok 4 December and arriving at Ulithi 5 days
later, she assumed duty there as a station receiving ship.
General S. D. Sturgis
carried part of
's Third Fleet
staff via Eniwetok to
Pearl Harbor, finally reaching Seattle 19 February 1945.
April to 2 June she made a round-trip, troop-carrying voyage from
San Francisco to Langemak
Bay and Hollandia, New
Guinea; and San Pedro, Leyte as the Pacific
campaigns reached a climax.
headed for Europe, departing San Francisco 16 June for France.
embarking troops at Marseilles 9 July, she departed the next day to redeploy them
in the Pacific. She arrived safely at Manila 20
After debarking her passengers, she made ready to
sail to Tokyo. On 26 August—by this time painted in
camouflage measure 32, design 13T—the Sturgis sailed out
of Mailla with officers and officials of the United States,
Australia, Canada, Netherlands East
Indies, China, and the
Philippines. The ship reached Tokyo Bay on 31 August; and two days later, the men carried
by the Sturgis would be among the few who would witness
the historic Japanese
surrender ceremonies aboard . The ship was the only
of her kind to be present in Tokyo Bay on Victory over
Japan Day (2 September 1945), when the Japanese Instrument of
Surrender was signed.
The ship got underway 26 September for Seattle, arriving there 8
October. She then made three round-trip voyages from
the West Coast to Japanese ports, supporting occupation troops
before departing San Francisco on an around-the-world voyage
calling at Manila, Singapore, Calcutta, and Port
Said, and arriving New York 10 May 1946.
She decommissioned 24 May 1946
and was delivered to WSA
for peacetime operation as an Army transport.
Rebuilt to 12,349 gross tons, USAT General S. D.
made 21 voyages between Germany and the U.S. with
. Among these
refugees was Mrs. Marion Matewosian, a 99-year-old Armenian
woman, who arrived in New York on 1
October 1949. Matewosian was said, in contemporary news accounts,
to be the oldest person to come to the U.S. under the displaced
In addition to its many trips to the U.S. with displaced persons,
General S. D. Sturgis
refugees to Australia and Argentina, as well. The ship departed
Genoa on one such mission with 860 displaced persons from
Europe and arrived in Sydney on 14 May
This voyage was one of almost 150 "Fifth Fleet"
voyages by some 40 ships bringing refugees of World War II to
Australia. General S. D. Sturgis
trip, with displaced persons, from Bremerhaven, Germany, at the end
of December 1948, to Buenos Aires, Argentina, arriving there on 17
January 1949. She made two more such trips, arriving in Sydney with
843 refugees on 21 May 1949, and with 1,309 on 17 April 1950.
In the midst of these treks, General S. D.
was reacquired by the Navy 1 March 1950, and was
assigned to MSTS
. Manned by
civilians, she was re-designated T-AP-137, and continued the
transportation of people fleeing the aftermath of the war.
On 8 July 1950, USNS General S. D. Sturgis
arrived at Boston with 841 displaced persons from Europe (mostly
Poland and Lithuania).
On 24 March 1951, General S.
developed a leak on a trip to New York
with 884 displaced persons aboard. The ship arrived at New York
under her own power two days later. The ship was slated to carry 190 of its
passengers on to New Orleans, but because of the inspection it was to undergo,
transferred them to to continue their journey.
broke out in Korea, General
S. D. Sturgis
took up the vital job
of carrying U.N.
to and from the Korean fighting. For the Korean War period, she sailed from New York to
Bremerhaven and Mediterranean ports, embarking allied troops, and transported
them to Pusan.
Following the Armistice, the transport rotated Greek
Korea, helping to maintain the high state of readiness among U.N.
forces in that volatile land. During 1955, the ship made three
voyages from New York to Bremerhaven, supporting American troops in
Europe. She was placed in reduced operational status at New York 28
May 1955. General S. D. Sturgis was
later returned to the Maritime
Administration and was placed in the National
Defense Reserve Fleet, Beaumont,
Texas, 22 August 1958, where she remained until
She was sold at that time to Central
Gulf Steamship Corp.
of New Orleans, who rebuilt her as a cargo
ship. Renamed SS Green Port
, she entered commercial
service in June 1968. Green Port was laid up in San
Francisco in 1979 and was scrapped at Kaohsiung, Taiwan in February
General S. D. Sturgis
for Korean War