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USS Loggerhead (SS-374/AGSS-374), a Balao-class submarine, was a ship of the United States Navy named for the loggerhead, Caretta caretta, a very large, carnivorous sea turtle common in the warmer parts of the Atlanticmarker, Pacificmarker, and Indian Oceansmarker.

Loggerhead (SS-374) was laid down 1 April 1944 by Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, Wisc.marker; launched 13 August 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Barbara Fox; and commissioned 9 February 1945, Commander Ralph N. Metcalf in command.

Loggerhead emerged from the Manitowoc River into Lake Michiganmarker 1 March 1945 and headed via Chicagomarker to Lockport, Ill.marker, where she entered a floating drydock and was towed down the Mississippi River. She arrived at New Orleansmarker 7 March and departed 5 days later transiting the Panama Canalmarker and arriving at Pearl Harbormarker 8 April.

Loggerhead’s first war patrol started 15 May when she departed Hawaiimarker and headed via Saipanmarker for the Luzon Straitsmarker and the South China Seamarker. Patrolling along the east coast of Hainan Islandmarker, she sighted an enemy hospital ship 11 June and allowed it to pass unharmed. Three days later, Loggerhead bombarded a suspected radar installation at Gap Rock south of Hong Kongmarker, causing severe damage to the tower.

Much time was devoted to lifeguard duty during this patrol. Changing patrol areas and briefly stopping at Subic Baymarker 1 July for fuel, the submarine headed for an assigned lifeguard station south of Hong Kong. She stopped numerous native boats, questioned their crews, and learned that the Japanesemarker were commandeering all native boats in the ports which they controlled.

On 13 July the submarine fired five torpedoes at enemy ships in Semarang Roadstead. The next day, the submarine headed for Australia, transiting Lombok Straitsmarker between Balimarker and Lombok Islandmarker during daylight 14 July. While Loggerhead passed between these islands, the enemy shore batteries surprised her with hot fire. Evading the bursts of the Japanese shells through skillful maneuvers, Loggerhead escaped undamaged. She arrived Fremantlemarker 19 July.

The end of hostilities 15 August found Loggerhead two days out of Fremantle heading for the Gulf of Siammarker on her second war patrol. She put in Subic Bay 22 August, departed for the United States 31 August via Pearl Harbor, and arrived San Franciscomarker 22 September 1945. Loggerhead decommissioned at Mare Island Navy Yardmarker 16 June 1946 and was placed in the Pacific Reserve Fleet.

In December 1962 she was reclassified an auxiliary submarine, AGSS-374, and towed to Portland, Oregonmarker, where she served as a reserve training submarine until 30 June 1967 when she was relieved by auxiliary submarine . Struck from the Naval Vessel Register on the same date, Loggerhead was sold for scrap in early 1969.


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